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Explore the Rich History and Cultures of These
Ancient Mediterranean Cities
Rome (Civitavecchia), Italy Lisbon, Portugal
From its early days as a simple settlement of Lisbon is a legendary city with more than
shepherds on the Palatine Hill, Rome grew to rule a 2,000 years of history, and it has served as the
vast empire that stretched from capital of Portugal since 1147, when Islamic
Northern England to North conquerors were driven out. Although located
Africa. The legacy of this on the Atlantic coast, it has the soul of a
history can be seen Mediterranean city with Moorish castles,
throughout the city: The pastel-colored buildings, orange-tiled roofs,
Forum, the Colosseum, and luminous blue skies. The city was founded
and triumphal arches, all by the Phoenicians, ruled for a time by the
built by emperors intent Saracens, and enriched by the spice trade.
on making their marks on civilization, remain visible today.
Porto Venere, Italy
Porto Venere served as an invincible bastion
of the Republic of Genoa during its long
Bilbao, Spain
war against Pisa between the ninth and
Since the opening of the world-famous Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao
13th centuries. On a promontory
has experienced a renaissance and has become one of Europe’s hottest
overlooking the sea is the church of San
destinations. Built to house some of the 20th century’s greatest works of
Pietro, built in 1256 as a token of the
art, the Guggenheim has become regarded as an
Genoese’s gratitude for the locals’ military help. It is said to be the site
artistic masterpiece, just as much as
of an ancient Roman temple dedicated to Venus (Venere in Italian),
the paintings that hang from its walls.
which gave the town its name.
Besides art by Spanish masters such as
Picasso, Dali, and Miró, the museum
also features post-modern American
Monte Carlo, Monaco works by world-famous artists such as
Like a diamond pendant in a pearl necklace — Monaco adorns the Rothko and De Kooning.
French Riviera. It covers less than .74 square miles (half the size of
Central Park) — the citizens pay no taxes and enjoy the world’s highest
per-capita income. A mix of contemporary steel and glass against the
Bordeaux, France
Belle Époque style of the hotels and Casino make Monaco stand out
Bordeaux traces its origins to the third
from the rest of the Cote d’Azur.
century, when it was Aquitaine’s Roman
capital. It prospered under English rule
because of their fondness for claret.
Barcelona, Spain Bordeaux’s neo-classical architecture, wide
Barcelona has served as one of Spain’s avenues, and well-tended public squares are a
primary centers of trade since the 13th delight to explore. It is best known for its
century. Its spectacular architecture and glorious chateaux, mouth-watering cuisine, and incomparable wines;
unique culture reflect the influence of for Bordeaux is surrounded by the world’s most famous vineyards,
thousands of years of Western including Medoc, St.-Émilion, Pomerol, Graves, and Sauternes.
civilization and Islamic culture. The
home of Picasso, Miró, Dali, Casals,
and Gaudí, the city has been
described as a Mediterranean
Manhattan, a cosmopolitan experimental center for artistic
London (Dover), England
London is one of the world’s greatest cities. It has
something for everyone, the wide tree-lined Mall,
intriguing alleys, quiet squares, and leafy parks. The city
wears its 2,000 years of history and dignity well. You will
find skyscrapers next to remnants of
Tangiers, Morocco the city’s Roman wall. Whether it is
Tangiers was first known as a Phoenician trading your first visit to London or one of
port in the 15th century B.C., and later a many, England’s capital is sure to
Carthaginian settlement. More recently, from the capture your heart. While you’re
1920s to the 1950s, it was famous as the here, don’t miss the National Gallery
playground of the rich and famous, attracting on Trafalgar Square and cross the
princes, heiresses, and playboys from all over the world. Woolworth Thames to marvel at the fabulous
heiress Barbara Hutton and media mogul Malcolm Forbes had homes Tate Modern.
there, and regular visitors included author Truman Capote and
playwright Tennessee Williams.

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