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On 15 July 2013, the Prime Minister, the Rt. Hon. Stephen Harper, MP, reshuffled his Cabinet. While key Ministers were maintained in their positions, eight new Ministers were appointed, and some members of the old guard were left out of Cabinet or retired from active politics. The pillar Ministers of the Harper Government remained in their portfolios, including Hon. Jim Flaherty, MP, Minister of Finance, Hon. John Baird, MP, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Hon. Tony Clement, MP, President of the Treasury Board. Hon. Peter Van Loan, MP, Leader of the Government in the House of Commons also remained in his position. Other key Ministers have been assigned new responsibilities, such as Hon. Jason Kenney, MP, until recently Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, who became Minister of Employment and Social Development. Hon. Rob Nicholson, MP, and Hon. Peter MacKay, MP, who were respectively Minister of Justice and Minister of Defence, will exchange portfolios. The newcomers, four women and four men, were intended to put a new face on the government. Hon. Chris Alexander, MP, former diplomat and Canadian ambassador to Afghanistan who was first elected to the House of Commons in 2011, was appointed Minister of Citizenship and Immigration, and Hon. Candice Bergen, MP, became Minister of State (Social

218 | The Parliamentarian | 2013: Issue Three

Development). Ms Bergen came to prominence as the sponsor of a controversial Private Member’s Bill in the previous Parliament aimed at abolishing the long gun registry. After her Bill was defeated, it was reintroduced in 2011 and adopted once the Conservative Party had won its

Hon. Shelly Glover, MP

majority. The new Cabinet also included Hon. Shelly Glover, MP, who was appointed Minister of Heritage and Official languages; Hon. Kellie Leitch, MP, who became Minister of Labour and of Status of Women; Hon. Michelle Rempel, MP, who became Minister of State (Western Economic Diversification), and Hon. Kevin Sorenson, MP, who will assist the Minister of Finance as Minister of State (Finance). Finally, Hon. Pierre Poilievre, MP, was appointed Minister of State (Democratic Reform). This particular appointment marked a new approach towards Senate Reform. A skilled Parliamentarian, Mr Poilievre is known for his exceedingly partisan approach to

parliamentary business. Adding new members to Cabinet necessarily entailed moving out several serving Ministers. Among the departing Ministers, Hon. Keith Ashfield, MP, Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, who after being diagnosed with cancer earlier this year had asked Prime Minister Harper to excuse him from Cabinet to focus on his treatment and recovery. Hon. Diane Ablonczy, MP, Minister of State of Foreign Affairs (Americas and Consular Affairs), and Hon. Ted Menzies, MP, Minister of State (Finance), were not reappointed; both had previously announced their intention not to seek re-election in the next General Election. On 9 July, 2013, Hon. Vic Toews, MP, then Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, had announced his resignation as Minister and Member of Parliament. Hon. Peter Kent, MP, Minister for the Environment, and Hon. Stephen Fletcher, MP, Minister of State (Transport), were also not reinstated as members of the new Cabinet. In early July, Hon. Marjory

LeBreton, Leader of the Government in the Senate, announced that she would be resigning from Cabinet and as Leader of the Government in the Senate. Possibly in order to further distance the government from the Senate, the new Leader – a parliamentary office established by the Parliament of Canada Act – would no longer

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