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modern


cities PLANNING FOR URBANISATION


THE NEW FACE OF THE OLD CITY


14 500


new cities have been added to


China’s landscape since 1978. China is leading the way when it comes to big developments and mass migration from rural to urban areas. By 2040, the urban population is forecast to expand by 400 million, or about 15 million people per year.


By 2050, the largest city in the world will probably be in China – and it hasn’t been built yet. Demographics are altering the shape of the modern landscape from Shanghai to Mumbai. Masterplanners are defining that new environment. From central business districts to mega city regions, rising incomes worldwide are changing the game and planners are looking ahead to the city of tomorrow.


The city is undergoing a renaissance. People who once aspired to live in the widening suburban sprawl on the edge of metropolitan areas now want to be at the heart of city life. In Europe and North America, widespread gentrification and the regeneration of industrial districts such as canals and dockyards is replacing some of the blight and decay of the 1970s and 1980s, resulting in new cityscapes that are a pleasure to live and work in. Outside the West, exciting new city developments are appearing everywhere from Baku and Nairobi to Abu Dhabi and Seoul, either in the form of huge extensions to existing cities or completely new cities built from scratch. Often working with fewer constraints, city planners are fundamentally re-imagining what the city is all about. Driving this surge in planning is a wide range of factors – including new national wealth, dramatic population shifts from rural to urban areas, the need to respond to demographic


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