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SPECIAL FEATURE PHOTO: paul prescott/Shutterstock.com


PHOTO: ILO


coordinate well to ensure that the technical assistance is delivered in a coher


into the pockets of the most vulner


at the technical herent and


effective way to ensure that funding is going vulnerable.


The ILO, through what is now called the Employment Intensive Investment Programme (www.ilo.org/eiip), has continued to support governments in over 50 countries linking infrastructure development with employment creation, poverty reduction and local economic and social development. Using local labor and resources creates much needed employment and income, reduces costs, saves foreign currency, and supports local industry while increasing the capacity of local institutions.


unding is going now called the


Short-term emergency public works schemes


provide immediate job opportunities. If designed well, they can allow productivity, work quality, working standards and the quality of the works to be maintained and low-waged workers to continue to earn a livelihood. These works could involve improving existing health facilities and shelters, producing the needed safety and health equipment and providing social infrastructure and services. There are several benefits of focusing national economic recovery programs in employment- intensive infrastructure development and


construction. Doing so can directly stimulate demand and job creation, compensating for the lack of private sec


uction. Doing so eati


spending; it can create local multipliers, since local businesses can benefit from large projects by supplying raw materials, trans- port, accommodation, food, and other goods and services; and it can also absorb workers from other sectors relatively easily. But most of all, if they include environmental objectives and improve access to basic services for the poor – including schools, healthcare and digital infrastructure – they can provide the foundations for the ‘build back better’ approach of inclusive and sustainable development that policy makers are talking about.


the lack of private sector and household ng; it can creat


since local businesses can


This is an edited version of an interview conducted by email.


“Short-term emergency public works schemes provide immediate job opportunities. If designed well, they can allow [...] low-waged workers to continue to earn a livelihood.”


Mito Tsukamoto, Chief of the Development and Investment Department of the International Labour Organization


PHOTO: Myriam B/Shutterstock.com


11


PHOTO: Ecuadorpostales/Shutterstock


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