moderate PA lasting more than 10 minutes, conducted more than one day per week. Vigorous activities included running, aerobics, biking fast and carrying heavy objects. Moderate activities included brisk walking, bike riding at normal speed, doubles tennis and carrying light objects. Of the 247,149 patients analyzed, 23,015 patients converted to dementia over the six-year study period, with 77% of this group (17,733) diagnosed with Al- zheimer's-type dementia. Compared to the never-PA group, the risk of dementia was reduced in both groups that engaged in physical activity (initiation-PA group and maintenance-PA group). Of all groups, the maintenance-PA group (consistently per- formed physical activity) showed the low- est risk of dementia, with 18% fewer de- mentia conversions than the never-PA group. The frequency of physical activity was

another important takeaway from this study. After adjusting for age, gender and vascular risk factors, the risk of developing dementia was 15% lower for those who engaged in regular physical activity com- pared to irregular PA. Ceasing exercise proved to be as del- eterious as never exercising, with the risk

of developing dementia being the same for the never-PA group and the withdraw- al-PA group. However, initiating an exer- cise regimen after MCI diagnosis provided an 11% lower risk for developing Al- zheimer's disease compared to not exer- cising at all.

According to the study authors, regu-

lar exercise may increase blood flow to the brain, increasing survival of neurons and preventing brain shrinkage associated with dementia. Due to the low risk and high potential for benefit, regular exercise should be recommended to patients with mild cognitive impairment, even if they did not exercise prior to their diagnosis. Even short bursts of moderate physical activity conducted a few times per week could significantly lower their risks of developing Alzheimer's disease.

Reducing Alzheimer's Risk With Exercise According to the National Institute on

Aging, Alzheimer's disease is currently ranked as the sixth leading cause of death in the U.S., however, due to underreport- ing, it may be the third highest cause of death for the elderly. With no known cure and no effective treatments, conventional medicine is at a loss for reversing this

blight on human health. Studies on exercise have produced

significant evidence that this all-natural intervention may be so effective it could cut your risk of developing AD in half. Published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, researchers from four major in- stitutions followed 876 adults over a 30- year span, keeping detailed records of the amount and type of exercise that was engaged by each participant. Mental health exams were conducted along with MRI brain scans to determine the amount of gray matter in the brain, as well as mental cognition. Results of the study showed that

higher levels of exercise correlated to a substantial increase in gray matter, when compared to less active adults. Addition- ally, those who engaged in the highest levels of exercise experienced a whopping 50% reduction in risk for Alzheimer's when compared to the most sedentary participants.

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