Travelling in Canada with cannabis – what you need to know

Marshall Posner I

t is legal to travel within Canada with up to 30 grams of dried, legally pur- chased cannabis, but it is illegal to en- ter or exit Canada with cannabis in your possession.

I Just Bought Cannabis in Manitoba. How Do I Get It Home?

Laws for transporting cannabis in a motor vehicle in Manitoba are similar to those in place for transporting alcohol. You cannot drive a vehicle while consum- ing cannabis and cannabis cannot be used by any of the passengers while the vehicle is operating. Cannabis should be stored in the trunk of your vehicle when travel- ling in Manitoba. You can also carry up to 30 grams of le- gally purchased cannabis on public trans- portation, but whether driving or riding, you should keep your cannabis in its orig- inal packaging and always carry the proof of purchase. Travelling within Canada with Your Cannabis. Know the Rules! Although it is legal to travel within Canada with 30 grams of legally pur- chased cannabis, there are a number of rules and regulations you must follow that differ slightly from province to prov- ince, including varying age limits for pur- chase and consumption.

The legal age for cannabis consump- tion and possession is 19 in all provinces except for Alberta and Quebec, where it is 18. If you are travelling from Alberta or Quebec and you are 18, you cannot

receipt for the cannabis you are trans- porting, whether travelling by bus, train, plane, or driving, especially from prov- ince to province. Additionally, it is your responsibility to know the different can- nabis regulations for each province you are travelling in. To ensure you’re up to date with the most current regulations, please review the informational links found at Canna- bis in the provinces and territories, before you travel.

International Travel with Cannabis. Don’t Do It.

It is illegal to transport cannabis in or

out of Canada. This applies regardless of whether you are authorized to use can- nabis for medical purposes or not. It also applies regardless of whether you are travelling to or from a country that has legalized cannabis.

Also of note, even if you are travelling

legally take your cannabis with you to (or through) any of the other provinces other than Alberta or Quebec. You can carry your legal cannabis with you while travelling on public transporta- tion such as buses, trains and planes while within Canada, but as previously stated, you cannot take your cannabis with you when entering or leaving Canada. When flying domestically (within Canada) you can store up to 30 grams of dried, legally-purchased cannabis on your person, in your carry-on or in your checked baggage. Medical cannabis con- sumers can carry more than 30 grams, but only if their medical documentation says they can. Cannabis oil is also allowed

on domestic flights but is subject to the Canadian Air Transport Security Author- ity’s (CATSA) regulations, which limit you to no more than 100 ml of cannabis oil.

The penalties for transporting more than your legal limit of cannabis, or for transporting

matter what form of transportation you are using. Keeping this in mind, it

illicit cannabis, apply no is

probably a good idea to keep your can- nabis in its original packaging wherever you are travelling. Each province has its own unique excise stamp for legal canna- bis products, which make it easily identi- fiable if required. At the very least, you should carry a

influence our health, as can sleep, exercise, and stress. In previous articles, I pre- sented some of the things you can do to not only decrease the risk of devel- oping cancer, but also to help fight the disease and prevent recurrences. Part 1 covered five ac- tionable steps you can take that have been shown to improve health and reduce the risk of cancer:


Lowering your risk of cancer W

Lowering your risk of cancer - Part 5

hat we eat, how much we weigh, and what we expose our bodies to all

lems. Chronic inflammation is associ- ated with accelerated aging (sometimes called inflammaging), which is connect- ed to many age-related diseases includ- ing type II diabetes, dementia, Alzheim- er's disease, and cancer. One of the primary

causes of chronic inflam- mation is gum disease. In the United States, 47.2% of adults over 30 have some form of gum dis- ease. It’s more common in men than women, and the prevalence increases with age – 70% of men over 65 have some form of gum disease.

smoking, breathe clean air, avoid junk food, maintain a healthy weight, and eat more vegetables and fruits. In part 2, I outlined three more: reduce inflammation,

use healthier

Nathan Zassman Natural Health


methods, and know what to cook and why. In part 3, I covered three addi- tional vital steps including getting more exercise, getting better sleep, and tak- ing appropriate supplements. In part 4, I stressed the significance of good gut microflora, and this month I’ll outline the importance of a good oral hygiene program.

Maintaining Oral Health Inflammation is linked to just about

every health concern including arthritis, cardiovascular disease, and degenerative diseases like cancer. Inflammation isn’t always a bad thing, however. When it lasts for a short period of time (up to a few days), the inflammatory process helps the body recover from injury or infection, and dissipates once healing is underway. This "acute" inflammation stage is a normal and positive process. It's chronic, continuous inflammation that is the cause of so many health prob-

March 2019 If your teeth bleed when

you brush, this can be caused by excessive plaque build-up

which inflammation. Plaque

triggers is

the sticky layer of bacteria that accumu- lates on the teeth, especially along the gum line. Proper oral care can remove the plaque that causes gingivitis (the technical term for inflammation of the gums and the "first phase" of gum dis- ease). In addition to brushing and floss- ing, regular use of an oral irrigator, an interdental proxy brush, and a tongue cleaner can help restore red, bleeding, or inflamed gum tissue to pink, vibrant, healthy gums, and prevent gingivitis from progressing to periodontitis. If gingivitis is left to progress without

proper treatment, gum tissue may begin to pull away from the teeth, and pock- ets can develop where the teeth meet the gums. These spaces are a breeding ground for bacteria, which can build up into a condition called periodontitis, characterized by a loss of attachment be- tween the tooth and bone. This can lead to further gum infection and result in chewing pain, sensitive teeth, receding gums, even bone and tooth loss. One

from Canada to a U.S. state that has le- galized the possession and use of canna- bis, it is still illegal in Canada to transport cannabis across the Canadian border. Ad- ditionally, cannabis remains illegal under U.S. federal law, which can lead to pros- ecution, fines and jail time in the United States.

And if you do arrive in Canada with cannabis in any form, you must declare it to the Canada Border Services Agen- cy (CBSA). Failure to do so is a serious criminal offence. Bottom line? Don’t travel internation- ally with cannabis. Marshall Posner is VP, Sales & Market- ing, Delta 9 Cannabis Inc.

of the clearest indicators of periodonti- tis is when you feel your teeth are loose and may fall out, but the proliferation of oral bacteria can also cause persistent bad breath. Periodontitis damages the soft tissue and bone that hold the teeth in place. This common condition affects over 11% of the world's population. There are some excellent dental mouth- washes including Peri-Gum that can help heal gum tissue while reducing the pockets that harbor harmful bacteria. C-Reactive Protein: Many studies

have found a strong association between chronic periodontitis and high levels of C-reactive protein (CRP). Produced by the liver, CRP is considered a specific marker indicating inflammation in the body and can be measured by a blood test (any acute or chronic infection results in elevated levels). High CRP levels are as- sociated with cancer, as inflammation may facilitate the progression of tumors and angiogenesis (the development of new blood vessels to support cancer cell growth). Surgical and non-surgical peri- odontal treatments have been shown to reduce levels of CRP which may lower the risk of various cancers. Research from Finland has found a

link between gum disease and different types of cancer, and that the oral bac- terium Treponema denticola may be re- sponsible for gastrointestinal cancers. As published in the International Journal of Cancer, an analysis of almost 70,000 adults over a 10-year period found a strong association between gum disease and pancreatic cancer. In another study at Langone Health's Perlmutter Cancer Center, after controlling for potential ef- fects from smoking, alcohol, and body mass index, researchers found that three types of oral bacteria are linked to two fatal forms of esophageal cancer. There is also evidence that specific types of oral microbiota that cause gum disease are associated with head and neck cancer.

Most people are unaware of the tre- mendous overall health benefits of oral probiotics. This exciting new area of re- search is showing that their regular use can help reverse gingivitis and periodon- titis by correcting imbalances in the oral microbiome. As with the gut microbi- ome, the oral cavity requires a balanced ecosystem where beneficial bacteria pre- dominate. Poor oral hygiene and oral plaque increase levels of pathogenic oral bacteria like P. gingivalis and Treponema denticola. Probiotic antimicrobial pep- tides produced by lactic acid bacteria called "bacteriocins" can help treat gum disease by crowding out the bad strains that thrive on dental plaque. Specific strains shown to be effective include S. salivarius BLIS K12 and M18, Bifidobac- terium bifidum, and the Lactobacillus- based strains Reuteri, Brevis, and Aci- dophilus. By increasing levels of these beneficial oral bacteria, harmful bacteria is inhibited. In addition, oral probiotics can help reduce ear, nose and throat in- fections (including tonsillitis and strep throat).

See your dentist regularly, have fre- quent cleanings, and implement an oral care routine to help balance your oral microbiome. You should clean your teeth in the proper order, starting with flossing (use small floss picks or regular floss), followed by brushing (electric toothbrushes including the 30 Second Smile are recommended), an interdental brush, and an electric oral water irrigator like the Hydrofloss, proven to remove subgingival plaque (below the gum line). I also recommend tooth powders including Good Gums and Theraneem. Maintaining good gum health, and using healing mouthwashes and oral probiotics can help prevent, and even reverse gum disease, lowering the risk of Alzheimer's disease, and cancer. Nathan Zassman is the owner and presi- dent of Aviva Natural Health Solutions. 7

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