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and timely analytical support for national policy- makers. Throughout 2010, research topics included analysis of fertilizer marketing and pricing (in Ghana, Malawi, and Nigeria), economywide modeling (Ethio- pia, Ghana, and Uganda), and linkages between rural and urban economies. The program in China collabo- rated with local and international research organiza- tions, including the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, to promote South–South cooperation and conducted research on public policy and rural poverty reduction. The programs in Africa have trained more than 200 women and 500 men in a range of topics, including geographical information systems, comput- able general equilibrium analysis, statistical packages, and other economic work. In addition to the programs themselves, IFPRI’s

country-specific strategy research in 2010 included an analysis of the relationship between growth and improved nutrition outcomes, which will help policy makers design strategies and prioritize actions for accelerating growth while improving nutrition. IFPRI studies found that economic growth alone is not enough to improve child nutrition and reduce micronutrient malnutrition; rather, pro-growth policy reform must be complemented by strategic health and education investments and targeted nutri- tion programs. These findings received substantial media coverage in 2010. Research related to development strategies in

2010 also included an in-depth comparative analysis of structural transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and Asia. In this ongoing study, IFPRI

productivity across sectors, urbanization over time, and the general equilibrium implications of alternative public investment scenarios. Findings from African case studies (in Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, and Uganda) and lessons derived from other developing regions will be shared at a 2011 confer- ence in Accra, Ghana, with the aim of informing national policy decisions.

PRO-POOR PUBLIC INVESTMENT The past year resulted in publications from numer- ous IFPRI projects on pro-poor public investment, including studies on fertilizer subsidies in Ghana and Nigeria; the political, institutional, and gender contexts of decentralized public spending and provi- sion of goods and services in China, Ethiopia, Ghana, and India; and public expenditure benefit incidence analysis of agricultural and rural programs in Ethiopia. IFPRI completed and launched the Statistics of Public Expenditure for Economic Development (SPEED) in late 2010. This comprehensive and publicly avail- able resource documents spending information for 67 developing countries and six sectors—agriculture, defense, education, health, social protection, and transportation and communication—over the past three decades.

researchers and collaborators are analyzing labor

China: Providing targeted agricultural extension ser- vices to small-scale farmers in rural areas has proven an effective way to increase the adoption of new technologies and reduce poverty.

REGIONAL STRATEGIC ANALYSIS AND KNOWLEDGE SUPPORT SYSTEM In 2010, the IFPRI-facilitated program Regional Strategic Analysis and Knowledge Support System (ReSAKSS) in Africa continued to research ways to achieve and sustain high levels of agricultural pro- ductivity, design and implement effective agricul- tural policies and strategies, and understand which interventions actually lead to successful development outcomes. ReSAKSS resulted in two major achieve- ments in 2010: (1) the validation of the Compre- hensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) Monitoring and Evaluation Framework by the African Union Commission and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development Planning and Coordinating Agency, and (2) the establishment of the first country- specific SAKSS node in Rwanda. By the end of 2010, 22 countries had signed CAADP Compacts to promote


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