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INDIA: CEREMONY AND RITUALS


Left: The former Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Smt. Meira Kumar, paying floral tributes at the portrait of former Prime Minister, Shri Chandra Shekhar in Central Hall; Right: A grand statue of Ma- hatma Gandhi sits opposite Parliament House in Delhi


Conduct of Business of Lok Sabha” 2010, pp 131-136). These instances are not


exhaustive but illustrative, to show the importance of ritual practices in the everyday working of the Parliament. They also show how, when rituals are performed over a period of time (performed rituals), they become formalized into institutional rules and procedures (procedural rituals).


Rituals as Rules


Parliamentary rituals are acts of courtesy, regard and norms of etiquette. The Do’s and Don’ts, or the standards of behaviour which are expected in the Houses of Parliament, emanate from rituals which are observed in Parliament by way of tradition. Rituals are both formal and informal.


Floral tributes


integral to parliamentary tradition, they were incorporated in the Rules of


Procedure of the House governing the norms of etiquette and standards


196 | The Parliamentarian | 2014: Issue Three


(Rules 349, 350, 351, 352, 355 and 361 of the “Rules of Procedure and


Under the direction of the Speaker of the Tenth Lok Sabha, the ritual of offering floral tributes at the portraits


©Mukesh Kumar


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