Here Are Two Approaches
When you are reading non-fiction books or stories, there are ways to make yourself a better reader. Two of them have names that sound like TV stations or video games. One is called KWL. The other is SQ3R.
Both actually stand for longer names: KWL stands for Know, Wonder and Learn.
SQ3R is short for SQRRR, which stands for Survey, Question, Read, Recite and Review.
Either can help you become a better reader, and give you a game plan for reading effectively for information.
How KWL Works With the Know, Wonder and Learn approach, you ask yourself questions every time you read something. First, you ask what you already KNOW about the subject. Then you ask what you WONDER or WANT TO KNOW about the subject. Then you read and ask what you have LEARNED about the subject. Practice KWL by finding a short story in the newspaper. Write out what you already KNOW about the subject. Then write what you WONDER or WANT TO KNOW about the subject. Read the story and write what you LEARNED about the subject by reading.
How SQ3R Works
SQ3R works best with shorter amounts of reading, such as articles in the newspaper or a page in a textbook or nonfiction book. The first step of SQ3R is to SURVEY what you are going to read.
SURVEY means to look things over quickly before you start. First thing in your survey, you should read the first paragraph, and the
STUDY THE NEWSPAPER
Find a story on the front page of the paper. Pick a story that will continue, or “jump” to another page. Now practice the SQ3R skills you read about. List all the things you learned by looking at the headlines, photos, captions, italic or bold words, etc.
last. The first paragraph introduces the subject, and the last paragraph gives the author’s conclusion.
Then read the headlines, titles and subtitles. Notice words or phrases that are printed in bold or italic print (this indicates they are important). Look at all illustrations, charts and graphs and read the captions under them.
Next step is to QUESTION. Ask yourself what you already know about the subject. Turn main headlines and bold or italic type into questions.
Then you’re ready to READ. You want to answer the questions you have made from headlines, and any you asked yourself. You want to look for details or examples in the text.
Make sure you read the first and last sentences of each paragraph. Wherever you can, try making your reading visual. If there aren’t photos, graphs or pictures, think what things would look like in your head.
After you read, you want to RECITE. As you complete each section, stop to answer your original questions silently or softly out loud. Finally, you will want to REVIEW. Scan the different sections of what you have read, and state the main points. Write a summary, or create a personal study sheet while it is still fresh in your mind.
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