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Sustainable Mountain Development No. 56, ICIMOD, Winter 2009
ICIMOD’s role in the development of water ! Groundwater aquifer recharge: Capacity building,
storage capacity through training, on watershed management and
In collaboration with its knowledge partners, ICIMOD
rainwater harvesting for improving water infi ltration
would like to play a role in closing the knowledge gaps
and groundwater aquifer recharge
and in building institutional capacity. It could initiate new
! Reservoirs for water storage: Capacity building
activities as well as promoting ongoing activities. The
through training on modern water storage systems
areas of opportunities where ICIMOD could play a role
involving small and large reservoirs; promoting
are highlighted below:
technology exchange on the storage potential of
glacial lakes and glacial and snowmelt water at
! Water scarcity risk assessment: Conducting water
balance and water accounting studies to identify
high altitudes, with mountain systems beyond the
areas of water defi cit in time and space and the
HKH region such as the Alps and the Andes
sources and uses of water; developing water
availability scenarios in response to climate change;
“A critical issue, then, is how
conducting sensitivity analyses of the planned
changes in water storage mechanisms on the
to store massive quantities of
hydrological regime
rainfall in very short periods
! Cryosphere: Monitoring of changes in snow and ice;
studying the monthly contribution of meltwater to river fl ow
so that it can be used over
! Wetland conservation: Capacity building, through
the entire year.”
training programmes, on wetland conservation and
management in the HKH region; undertaking the valuation
of aquatic ecosystem services provided by wetlands
ICIMOD seeks to contribute to the sustainable
improvement of livelihoods, to the mitigation and
! Water harvesting and watershed management:
Documenting local knowledge on traditional water
resilience of environmental change, and to the optimal
harvesting systems; assessing traditional water
use of water resources in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan
governance; conducting training on watershed
region. In this process, it will continue to play an active
management and on traditional and modern water
role in the development of water storage capacity in the
harvesting systems
region in collaboration with its knowledge partners.
Will hill farmers be the water managers of the future?
41
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