SIMULATION Simulation Supports Street CAV Tests

Simulation and cybersecurity support continues to be developed as part of the UK CITE project to test communications technologies for connected and autonomous vehicles.

environment for connected and autonomous vehicles (CAV) using its simulation, modelling and cybersecurity expertise. The £7.1m project focused on creating


a Vehicle to Infrastructure and Vehicle to Vehicle (V2I and V2V) test environment at the heart of the Midlands CAV and automotive sector, on roads in and around Coventry. HORIBA MIRA led the development of virtual UK CITE (Connected and Intelligent Test Envionment) test bed models and played an active role in ensuring the environment is secure against cyber attacks.

SIMULATION AND CYBERSECURITY The simulation work enabled testing beyond the physical environment and technology available. This included testing high risk and high cost scenarios; such as on a motorway with emergency brake light applications, with varying ratios of connected and non-connected vehicles, and the resulting impact on traffic conditions. As well as simulation and modelling, HORIBA MIRA coordinated cyber threat and risk assessments, carrying out testing experiments at its proving ground to produce cybersecurity guidelines for future V2I and V2V deployments. The research on the cybersecurity implications of the technology, combined with methods to identify and manage the associated risks, ensures that future deployments of this

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utomotive engineering, research, development and testing organisation, HORIBA MIRA has developed a testing

CAV technology are sufficiently resilient to the relevant threats. According to Chris Reeves, Head of

CAV Technologies at HORIBA MIRA, it is critical in a connected world that every vehicle interaction is managed smoothly. CAVs must be able to talk to each other regardless of the vehicle manufacturer, highways need to communicate road and traffic conditions ahead and road operators need to make provisions in their traffic management schemes, to assist a seamless transition of traffic flow from the strategic road network to local roads. “The simulation and cybersecurity work we have delivered will help provide a robust testing environment for safety- critical CAV applications by using virtual and physical testing and development exercises,” he said.

MIDLANDS FUTURE MOBILITY Following on from the completion of the UK CITE project, the test bed will be integrated into the Midlands Future Mobility (MFM) project, a project through which a CAV test bed will be designed and deployed using real roads in Birmingham and Coventry. The simulation and modelling technologies developed as part of the UK CITE project will enable the study and assessment of CAV test cases beyond what is physically and economically achievable within the physical MFM test bed.

5G COMMUNICATIONS Based on the premise that 5G is a critical technology in the deployment of robust

❱ ❱ Connected and Autonomous Vehicle testing to take to the streets of Coventry as part of Midlands Future Mobility project

V2x systems, I asked HORIBA MIRA what the status is on the deployment of enabling communications technology for the project.

According to HORIBA MIRA, although 5G technologies are still undergoing development, infrastructure can be deployed now that would enable a quicker rollout once the technology is readily available, such as cell site civil infrastructure, power supply and lines for these sites, communications backhaul network and communications switching centres. Within the MFM project, which will deploy some communication infrastructure, provisions are being made to include 5G-enabling infrastructure.

AUTONOMY ON THE STREETS In terms of timescales, there is still some time to wait before CAVs will be out on the streets of Coventry. However, as HORIBA MIRA points out, some are already on UK roads in the form of a number of fully autonomous vehicle fleets (pods) providing mobility services under strictly controlled conditions, which could be replicated in Coventry right now. However, more sophisticated CAV technologies, such as autonomous taxis that operate on any road and under any weather and traffic condition, are going to take significantly more time to be deployed on real roads.

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