Ivan Besedin Head of Moscow Metro
Modernising Moscow Metro
Moscow Metro is one of today’s busiest underground railway systems and was opened in 1935. It now has 12 lines, 185 stations and 305.5km of track. The system is mostly underground, with the deepest section 84m below ground at Park Pobedy station. With daily ridership figures totaling eight million passengers, Moscow Metro offers efficient train operations and the minimum headway of 90 seconds. The reliability of its services is an impressive 99.98%.
However, the current system is working hard to cope with the ever growing passenger demand – eight of its 12 lines are working at the limits of their capacity. To provide better passenger transportation from the Moscow region and faraway districts to the centre of Moscow, the metro system needs further extension. The construction of new stations is among the top priorities of the Moscow city administration.
Extensions/Upgrades In 2011, Moscow Metro introduced a 4.5km extension of the Lyublinsko–Dmitrovskaya line, bringing three new stations – Borisovo, Shipilovskaya and Zyablikovo – into passenger service. The new line section will ease the transportation of people living in the southern districts of Moscow. Between 2011 and 2015, Moscow Metro plans to inaugurate a total of 75.1km of lines, 36 stations and six depots.
Rolling stock renewal A lot of attention is also being given to the renewal of rolling stock. By 2020, all the older
Eurotransport Volume 10, Issue 1, 2012
generation vehicles will be replaced with modern trains. What’s more, there will be a 60% increase in the fleet: Moscow Metro plans to procure 2,656 cars by 2016 – 1,312 of them will replace the existing stock and 1,344 cars will operate on new extensions. Moscow Metro is now replacing older stock
vehicles with so-called Rusich-stock trains. They are less noisy and more energy efficient and, for safety reasons, the cars are equipped with CCTV and a system that helps to avoid trapping passengers and their personal belongings in the doors. The trains are also fitted with air conditioning systems and devices that ensure safe operation. The new style of car interior increases its capacity, while large side windows provide a better view. The modern stock also features an increased number of doors to help passengers get on and off the train faster. New 81-760/761-stock cars are now being
tested on the Moscow Metro network. Passenger compartments are safer and more comfortable, as is the driver’s cab, which has
been completely redesigned. Low operational costs and energy savings are among the main advantages of the new stock cars. The new cars feature air conditioning and
heating systems, CCTV, information displays and LCD display screens as well as a new system for air disinfection. The front car is fitted with a place for disabled passengers, sliding plug doors can be controlled individually and provide passenger warning (light and sound) before closing. The seats are resistant against vandalism, and the interior of the car is made of fireproof materials. The driver’s cab is spacious, fitted with a
climate control system, a modernised driver’s control panel and evacuation door in the front of the car.
Security/Safety Safety is of paramount importance to the metro system. To prevent crime and fight terrorist attacks, Moscow Metro departments and Moscow emergency services are involved in regular tabletop exercises. Forty-six stations are equipped with metal detecting devices. The Operational Control Centre of Moscow
Metro provides extra help in managing passenger flow and train operations. It improves safety and security in the metro system by receiving video footage from CCTV cameras installed on trains, at stations and in
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