This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
Coming in January


Eureka! Find out how the invention of some everyday objects changed the world.


Fancy Feathers: Fly to an island to discover some of the world’s weirdest, loudest, and most dazzling birds.


Extreme Ice: Follow a scientist along an ancient river of ice.


Vol. 12 No. 3 DEVELOPMENT TEAM


Vice President and Publisher: Francis Downey


Art Director and Designer: Karen Thompson Editors: Brenna Maloney, Macon Morehouse Shira Evans Digital Editor: Shelby Alinsky Designer: James Wildman Programmer: Meng Wei Media Editor: Shannon Hibberd Permissions Editor: Jean Cantu Production Specialist: Dreama Karnes-Bynane


Research Manager: Christina An Manufacturing Manager: Nicole Elliott


PUBLISHED BY NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC LEARNING


NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC EXPLORER (ISSN 1541-3357) is published seven times during the school year—September, October, November– December, January–February, March, April, May— by National Geographic Learning, 1125 17th Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20036. Postmaster: Please send address changes to NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC EXPLORER, PO Box 4002865, Des Moines, IA 50340–0597. Periodical postage paid at Washington, D.C., and additional mailing offi ces.


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Copyright © 2012 National Geographic Learning. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction of the whole or any part of the contents of NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC EXPLORER, without written permission is prohibited. National Geographic, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC EXPLORER, and the Yellow Border are trademarks of the National Geographic Society.


PICTURE CREDITS


Cover: © Alessandro Della Bella/epa/Corbis; cover logo (solar system) sam100/Shutterstock.com; cover logo (panda) Hung Chung Chih/Shutterstock.com; cover logo (butterfl y) MarkMirror/Shutterstock.com; pages 2-3 © Mitsuhiko Imamori/Minden Pictures; pages 4-7 (background) HixnHix/Shutterstock.com; page 4 © Birgitte Wilms/ Minden Pictures; page 5 (top) Kirby Morgan/Shutterstock.com; page 5 (bottom) Photos by Michael Crowley/Getty Images; page 6 Secret Sea Visions/Getty Images; page 7 (top left) © Captureworx/Age Fotostock; page 7 (top right) © Visuals Unlimited/Corbis; page 7 (butterfl ies) Pan Xunbin/Shutterstock.com; pages 8-9 © Topic Photo Agency/Corbis; pages 10-15 (background) Neo Edmund/Shutterstock.com; page 10 Science Source/Photo Researchers, Inc.; page 11 NASA/JPL; page 12 Magellan Project/JPL/NASA; page 13 (top) Kees Veenenbos/Photo Researchers, Inc.; page 13 (bottom) NASA/JPL/Caltech; page 14 (top) © Walter Myers/Stocktrek Images/Corbis; page 14 (bottom) Erich Karkoschka/University of Arizona and NASA; page 15 NASA; pages 16-17 © Katherine Feng/Minden Pictures; pages 18-23 (bamboo) Ian O’Hanlon/Shutterstock.com; page 18 © Eric Baccega/naturepl.com; pages 19,20 © Katherine Feng/Minden Pictures; page 21 (top) China Photos/Getty Images; page 21 (bottom) © DLILLC/Corbis; page 23 © Gerry Ellis/Minden Pictures; page 24 MKworldphotography/Shutterstock.com.


Cover: giant panda ISBN: 9781285492209


10/12/QGL/1


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Find your online Teacher’s Guide, interactive whiteboard lessons, and projectable editions at ngpathfinder.org. (Note: The Teacher’s Guide and activity masters can be printed on either black and white or color printers.)


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