milliseconds, then the vehicle will be able to build services on top of this. This technology means that authorities

and city infrastructure could ‘predict the trajectories of all objects that the camera and the connected car can see. This means that you can detect collisions before they happen,’ notes Quiñones. ‘In the Elastic project we are following a similar approach, but here we are addressing the tramways. We want to give these tramways the same capabilities.’ The Elastic project also focuses on

scalability, security and safety features, so that these systems can be used to provide safety-critical systems in the future. ‘In the case of Ampere, we are

addressing a single edge device, the same things that would be used in the Class and Elastic projects. So, in principle, we are developing two different software architectures, but they are connected because one addresses the edge device, the other addresses communication between multiple edge devices and the cloud,’ added Quiñones.

Developing new use cases The Class project is now nearing completion and now all development has been completed and the researchers are

validating their work. ‘All the functionalities to distribute

the computation of this complex data analytics workflow is almost finished,’ said Quiñones. ‘When we have this workflow description, the software architecture does its magic and makes this distribution to reduce the end-to-end response time. ‘Moreover, all the analytics for the

detecting objects, tracking them, identifying dynamics (speed, direction etc) predicting trajectories and determining potential collisions in the future have now been completed. The development has been completed and we are in the validation phase.’ Elastic builds on top of this with new

features. ‘For example, by characterising the impact on communication. It is different if you are connecting through 4G, 5G or wi-fi. We are taking all of this information and bringing it into the system,’ said Quiñones. ‘We are also building a security layer so we can guarantee that the communication with the different computing elements is secure. In the case that some edge device is comprised, we can detect this and disconnect it from the system, and transfer the analytics to another node.’ The Elastic project is going to finish


Subscribe for free*

Do you compute?

The only global publication for scientists and engineers using computing and software in their daily work

in around a year and a half but the first prototypes that demonstrate this functionality have already been created. Ampere still has more than two years left to conclude the research, so the project is less advanced.

Quiñones and his colleagues at the BSC

aim to continue this research by promoting and validating the technology, as well as expanding the use cases to more cities and different challenges. For example, the team are preparing to look at air pollution and real-time sensing of data from vehicle emissions. ‘There is a very interesting use case,

determining the level of pollution in a given area. Right now the pollution is determined by sensors located in the street but the sensors are actually collecting data at a fixed point in time,’ states Quiñones. ‘This can change over time, due to the sun or mixing with other particles in the air etc, so this is a good estimation but it does not provide a fine-grain analysis of pollution.

‘Something we are doing with this

technology is to identify vehicles and determine emissions of pollutants for each vehicle, and have a better estimation of how these pollutants are distributed across the city,’ Quiñones said.

Do you subscribe? Register for free now!

*Registration required

Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34