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large enough to enable statistical tests to determine the validity of their results. Jackson contends that during wine production the decisions are too valuable to be left to the sole discretion of the winemaker. If your panel is too small, or you use the wrong test, or your panelists aren’t screened, your results may not be valid, so the high cost incurred by using a panel may have been wasted. In addition, most of the tests used to objectively assess wine bear little relationship to consumer preference. Few consumers will recognize small differences noted by panelists between different bottlings of a particular vintage or changes in relative aroma qualities between different tanks. Jackson has an excellent summary of wine faults and a discussion of what can go wrong. This section is a concise summary of the more “in-depth” description in his earlier text on wine making.

In his opening chapter Jackson explores the problems of trying to pair wine with food and then he treats the subject with a later chapter. His remarks are mainly cynical, but he does offer suggestions on the subject. He states that most wines pair well with food and suggests that food and wine pairings are like the quotation from Finian’s Rainbow: “When I’m not near the girl I love, I love the girl I’m near.” This book has material that can be beneficial to anyone who is responsible for the objective evaluation of wine. This would include production personnel, sales people, writers, and competition organizers and panelists. Perhaps it should be compulsory reading for those whose activity has financial consequence within the wine industry?

Looking Back By Wayne Wilson A

recent acquisition of fire insurance maps is beginning to shed new light on the makeup of many communities in British Columbia's southern interior. The Kelowna Public Archives is now home to an amazing set of maps from the 1950s, and many of them give interesting perspective on the layout of the region's tree fruit industry infrastructure.

This map, from May 1952, shows the configuration of that dedicated set of buildings — packinghouses, cold storage warehouses, fruit processing plants and a scattering of related outbuildings. Prior to the centralization of B.C. Fruit Processors operations in Kelowna, there was a plant in Oliver —

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here, the location of that plant is clearly laid out along with its accompanying boiler shed.

The geography of Oliver's small industrial district holds a typical configuration of structures. Packinghouses are located adjacent to cold storage warehouses, and structures for other support functions are sited nearby and include machine shops, a lumber yard, and the Oliver Co- operative Feed Warehouse. This was clearly the era prior to bins as the map shows a substantial 'Box Storage' facility adjacent to one of the packinghouses. Operationally, the entire area is laid out along the Canadian Pacific Railway line that was used to ship the harvest to market.

A final note of curiosity buried in these fire insurance maps lies in the labeling of Oliver's streets. At this time, the community was in the midst of a shift from street names to street numbers and that fact is documented for the insurance agents. Note that each street is identified by both its new street number and its former name. If you have photos or artefacts of our rich agricultural heritage, please contact the B. C. Orchard Industry Museum at 778-478-0347.

— Wayne Wilson is the former executive-director of the Orchard Industry Museum and the B.C. Wine Museum.

British Columbia FRUIT GROWER • Summer 2016 33

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