This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
MONTH IN REVIEW • GLOBAL ATTITUDES PROJECT Second thoughts


More Chinese are worried about the ills of economic development than ever before, the Pew Research Center’s new poll shows


living rise, Chinese have become increasingly aware of the down- sides of rapid development, especially growing social inequality. Nowhere is this more evident than in the Pew Research Center’s poll of China, which surveyed 3,177 Chinese this spring as part of a 21-nation Global Attitudes Project. Te poll clearly shows China’s rapid economic develop-


S


ment. Most Chinese (70%) reported being better off financially than five years ago, a higher proportion than any other surveyed country except Brazil, and three in four agreed that people are better off in a free-market economy.


The rich get richer while poor get poorer 2%


20 Brazil


China India


Mexico US


36%


Germany Egypt


45%


Greece Japan Spain


Completely agree Don’t know


Mostly agree Completely disagree Significant doubts about economic fairness Mostly disagree


View on hard work and success affects views on capitalism Better off than five years ago


Among those who say... What's more important? 45% 33%


Most succeed if work hard Neither/both*


*Voluntary response CHINA BY NUMBERS 2,270


Delegates elected to act as representatives at the 18th National Party Congress


Foxconn quality inspectors who refused to work after reports of one inspector being assaulted


Source: Yahoo News, Business Insider, Bloomberg, CNN, China Daily 12 China Economic Review • November 2012


100 $1.2m


Prize money given to Mo Yan, China’s first Nobel Prize winner for literature


Reservations canceled on All Nippon Airways’ China routes from September to November as a result of Sino-Japanese tensions


40,000


Hard work no guarantee Don’t know


Individuals free to pursue life's goals Active gov't makes sure no one in need Don't know


Most people better off in free market Agree


Disagree Don't know Most can succeed w/ hard work


44% 48% 8%


87% 11% 2%


Hard work no guarantee of success


31% 61% 9%


69% 26% 4%


Difference


-13 13 1


-18 15 2


Source: Pew Research Center Global Attitudes Project, 2012 About the same Worse off


ince Deng Xiaoping began knocking down China’s barri- ers with the world in the mid-1970s, economic develop- ment has been an unconditional goal. But as standards of


But in contrast to the China of four years ago, respondents


today had more conflicted views about economic development. Half of respondents described the gap between the rich and the poor in China as a very big problem. Fewer people said they like the pace of modern life than four years before. Nearly 60% said the traditional Chinese way of life is getting lost, and 71% said it should be protected from foreign influence. Teir comments also showed growing concern about Chi-


na’s uneven playing field. While 45% agreed with the statement “most people can succeed if they work hard,” one in three dis- agreed. Interestingly, views on this question had a direct correla- tion with views on whether the government should intervene to help the poor.


The world’s biggest increase in standard of living 0


40 60 80 100 120


7%


8%


10%


13%


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56