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Project number US


MEXICO BRAZIL


CANADA COLOMBIA


Capex ($bn) US


MEXICO BRAZIL


ARGENTINA CANADA


LATEST INVESTMENTS


BIOTECHNOLOGY GRIFOLSBUILDSUSCENTRE Grifols Therapeutics, a specialist in plasma-derived medicine, is to invest $351.6m to build a blood plasma facility and logistics centre at its campus in Clayton, North Carolina, US. It is scheduled to open in 2024 and will create 300 jobs by 2028.


COAL,OIL&GAS ARGENTINAREFINERYPLANNED Pan American Energy Group, an oil and gas exploration and production company that operates as a joint venture subsidiary of UK-based BP, has invested $1.5bn to build a refin- ery in Campana, Argentina.


COMMUNICATIONS CENTURYLINKEXTENDSCABLES US-based CenturyLink, a provider of cloud and IT services, has expanded its fibre-optic network infrastruc- ture in Quito, Ecuador. It has spent about $157m on a new route comprising 800km of new cables connecting Quito to Cali, Colombia.


CONSTRUCTION PANAMA’SPROPERTYDEALS CAXXOR Group, an international conglomerate and subsidiary of US-based National Standard Finance, plans to invest $750m in Panama. The company will invest $500min real estate projects in 2021 and $250m in logistics infrastructure.


FOODANDBEVERAGE MEXICO’SFRESHESTFOODPLANT US-based Fresh Innovations, a


producer of small-batch guacamole, salsa and queso, has opened a production plant in Guanajuato, Mexico.


MEDICALDEVICES BEXIMCOOPENSINMICHIGAN Bangladesh-based conglomerate Beximco Group is to open a protec- tive masks factory in Detroit, Michigan, US. The factory will produce N95 masks for the US market, which will involve an invest- ment of $20m. It is due to open in the first quarter of 2021.


SEMICONDUCTIORS CHIPSDOWNINARIZONA Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing has announced plans for a $12bn factory in Arizona, US. The new facility will create more than 1600 jobs and produce five nanometre chips. Production is due to begin in 2024.


SOFTWAREANDSERVICES SANTANDERSEEKSTECHTALENT Santander Brasil has announced the creation of 1500 new jobs in Brazil. It is looking for high-performance specialists in technology, data, risk, finance and legal areas. Most jobs will be in the technology team.


RENEWABLEENERGY DRTOGETGREENPROJECT Streamline Integrated Energy Corp, a renewable energy developer, is develop a 50-megawatt waste-to- energy plant in San Pedro de Macoris, Dominican Republic.


This investment news and data has been provided by fDi Markets, a crossborder investment tracking service that is part of The Financial Times Ltd’s fDi Intelligence division (www.fdiintelligence.com)


STATS


AMERICAS TOPCOUNTRIES BYMANUFACTURINGFDI PROJECTS, H1 2020


120 150


30 60 90


0 Source: fDi Markets August/September 2020 www.fDiIntelligence.com


AMERICAS TOPCOUNTRIES BYMANUFACTURING FDI CAPEX, H1 2020


10 15 20


0 5


Source: fDi Markets 39


Americas R


Viewfromthe


eshoring isthe practiceof transferring


abusinessoperationthat wasmovedoverseas,back tothecountryinwhichit


wasoriginally relocated.Theconcept is widelycirculating inbusinessand popularmedianow. In fact,theterm ‘reshoring’haditshighest-ever Google searchfrequencyin July 2020. However, just because people are


talking about reshoring or claiming its merits doesn’tmeanit will happen; cognitive biases can trick us like that.Wemust examine the factors that could drive a change in investor behaviour. In addition to thepandemic,


other trends have been influencing business location decisions and supply chain planning. Supply chain design and implementation can vary dramatically in theirnumber of steps, modularity, complexity, specialisation, degree of outsourcing, customisation, and location. This is where global site selection meets business strategy. Global FDI flows are forecast to


decline40%in 2020, and a further5% to10%in 2021. So where will companies locate – or relocate – key projects within their global value chains? TheUSand Canada hold the top two global positions in the Kearney FDI Confidence Index 2020 (based on pre-Covid-19 surveys). IMD’s 2020World Competitiveness Ranking puts Canada eighth and the UStenthamongall countries. Despitemuch lower third-party


rankings,Mexico, Brazil and other countries will also fulfil important roles by providing opportunities in regional arbitrage, specialisation and scale for North American and global supply chains. Insome sectors – and forsome


companies – reshoringmaybe the answer. Regionalisation, or nearshoring, can also shorten supply chains but without domestication. What is clear is that companies


must nowdo the hardwork of reimagining and scenario planning the what, how, and where of their future supply chains.■


Gregg Wassmansdorf is senior managing director, consulting, at Newmark Knight Frank, a global real estate services firm. He is a member of the Site Selectors Guild. Email: gwassmansdorf@ngkf.com


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