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BUILDING DESIGN KÁTIA SABINO FUGAZZA – ARCHITECT


Humanising the hospital premises


The author provides an overview of a building design project based on the humanisation of hospitalisation premises, looking to cater for patients in a broader way than simply diagnosing a disease.


The project was undertaken at a center designed for the respiratory diseases. Pulmonary diseases represent a huge burden to society. According to the World Health Organization 17.4% of all deaths are as a result of a respiratory disease. Small respiratory infections, chronic obstructive diseases, tuberculosis and lung cancers are the main causes. Despite its relatively low rate of


mortality, asthma is the chronic disease mostly affecting children. The high number of children with asthma observed throughout the last decades indicates an increase in asthma in the near future, unless appropriate measures are taken. The pulmonary care complex originated in a lot of 31,541.44 m2 built area of 8,272.23 m2


with a , located in Barra


da Tijuca which has a population of 135,954,000 (IBGE – Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), having a total area of 4.815,06 hectares (Pereira Passos Institute – Rio de Janeiro). Barra da Tijuca (best known as Barra)


is a relatively new region which has a high Human Development Index (HDI=0,959) according to the United Nations Development Programme. Demographic data indicates it was the fastest growing region in the city during the 1990s – increasing by approximately 44% during this time. Most of the Rio 2016 Olympic Games


took place in Barra da Tijuca and the Olympic village was also situated there. According to the Health Ministry,


humanisation relates to culture changes relating to users and the work process management. According to the Health ministry, humanisation is a change of concept in how the patients and visitors to a hospital complex are treated and better management and attention to all the steps involved in treatment. The health care building


IFHE DIGEST 2017


was, therefore, designed and organised in blocks, with indoor gardens to meet two premises of hospital humanisation – urban space and functional management. There will be educational, cultural, sport and recreational facilities, which will cater for both medical and social activities from the community, helping to, slowly, change the users’ habits in a gradual and uninterrupted way.


Kátia Sabino Fugazza Kátia M. M. Sabino Fugazza


graduated in Bennett University


(Rio de Janeiro, Brasil) in 2007 as an architect. She is an expert in health care, from Federal University


of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). She is also an expert in BIM project


management and sustainability.


Administration Support Adult clinic Paediatric clinic


Blood collection and laboratory


Instruction Lungs physiotherapy Imagenology Swimming pool Lungs rehabilitation Restaurant Support


Graphic scale


The ground floor of the Pulmonare – Center of protection, health attention and Study of Respiratory Diseases.


A challenging plot The relationship between the plot and its surrounding is quite challenging, due to a terrain of large dimensions, with an irregular perimeter which borders an arterial access road and a small airport. Despite the challenges, a pavilion-like building with large indoor patios was designed, making the complex pleasurable and interesting to navigate and creating spaces that generate tranquillity and comfort for those using the complex. The pavilion-like building model is


based in Doctor Tenon and Nurse Florence Nightingale which, despite encountering problems due to city densification, possesses countless advantages in relation to the multifunctional building. Important features include ventilation, natural illumination and contact with nature. Placed in an area of low templates


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