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from disabling or taking control of pro- grammable logic controllers-the hardware components that interface with physical systems on the ship. “Some examples of the types of ship-

board systems that RHIMES is looking to protect include damage control and fi re- fi ghting, anchoring, climate control, elec- tric power, hydraulics, steering and engine control,” explained Craven. “It essentially touches all parts of the ship.” Attacks on mechanical systems that

are operated by computers have happened before. Stuxnet, the famous industrial “computer worm” discovered in 2010 was designed to attack controllers of Iranian centrifuges, causing the centrifuges to run at very high speeds, eff ectively tearing them- selves apart. “Another powerful example is the hack-

ing of a German steel mill in 2014,” Craven said. “T e hackers reportedly got in and overheated a blast furnace, and even made it so that the plant workers couldn’t proper- ly shut down the furnace, causing massive damage to the system.” Traditionally, computer security sys-

tems protect against previously identifi ed malicious code. When new threats appear, security fi rms have to update their databases and issue new signatures. Because security companies react to the appearance of new threats, they are always one step behind. Plus, a hacker can make small changes to their virus to avoid being detected by a sig- nature. “Instead, RHIMES relies on advanced

cyber resiliency techniques to introduce diversity and stop entire classes of attacks at once,” Craven said. Most physical controllers have redundant backups in place that have the same core programming, he explained.

T ese backups allow the system to remain operational in the event of a controller fail- ure. But without diversity in their program- ming, if one gets hacked, they all get hacked. “Functionally, all of the controllers do

the same thing, but RHIMES introduces diversity via a slightly diff erent implementa- tion for each controller’s program,” Craven explained. “In the event of a cyber attack, RHIMES makes it so that a diff erent hack is required to exploit each controller. T e same exact exploit can’t be used against more than one controller.” This work aligns with higher level

strategic guidance to protect against cyber threats, like the U.S. Navy’s “Cyber Power 2020,” but the technology may also have benefi ts outside of the Navy. “Vulnerabilities exist wherever com-

puting intersects with the physical world, such as in factories, cars and aircraſt ,” Craven said, “and these vulnerabilities could poten- tially benefi t from the same techniques for cyber resilience.” Bob Freeman works for ONR Corporate

Strategic Communications.

USS Kauffman to be Decommissioned From USS Kauff man Public Aff airs

NAVAL STATION NORFOLK, Va. (NNS) -- Aſt er nearly 28 years of Naval service, friends, family members, former and pres- ent crewmembers will gather at Naval Sta- tion Norfolk to decommission USS Kauff - man (FFG 59), Norfolk’s last Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate, Sept. 18. T e ship was commissioned Feb. 28,

1987, and was named for Vice Adm. James L. Kauff man, a veteran of World War I and World War II, and his son, Rear Adm. Draper Kauff man, a veteran of World War II. T e elder Kauff man had the distinction of having

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served the longest time in command and the longest time at sea than any other offi cer of his time; both were renowned for their focus on anti-submarine warfare. Draper Kauff man organized U.S. Navy

Bomb Disposal School at the Washington Navy Yard, a precursor to Explosive Ord- nance Disposal School. He was also the fi rst commanding offi cer for Navy demolition teams, the forerunner to the Navy’s Special Operations Force known as the SEALs. “It has been an honor to be part of such

a remarkable legacy as a Kauff man Sailor and to have led such an impressive and ca- pable group of professionals during the fi nal deployment of a Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate,” said Cmdr. Michael E. Concannon, the frigate’s last commanding offi cer. “T ese Sailors are tough, they are tenacious and they were overwhelmingly successful during our last counter drug mission. T ey made a diff erence; they mattered.” Kauff man’s fi nal deployment to the U.S.

4th Fleet area of responsibility, in support of Operation Martillo, brought a suiting end to the ship’s Navy career when the crew seized nearly 20,000 pounds of illicit narcotics. Operation Martillo is a joint U.S., Euro-

pean and Western Hemisphere partner na- tion eff ort targeting illicit traffi cking routes in Central and South American waters. In the 28 years of service, USS Kauff man

gave its nation, the ship and its crews more than 20 deployments in the Middle East, Africa, Mediterranean Sea and Caribbean Sea, with notable contributions to count- er-narcotics and counter-piracy missions. Kauff man also played a diplomatic role

as one of only a handful of American war- ships to visit the Soviet Union. Frigates were designed to provide an- ti-submarine warfare support and protec-

tion of shipping missions for amphibious expeditionary forces, underway replenish- ment groups and merchant convoys. Known for being a tough and robust platform, a total of 54 frigates were built from 1976 to 1988, at both Bath Iron Works, Bath, Maine, and Todd Shipyards, Seattle. With the Kauff man decommissioning,

USS Simpson (FFG 56) becomes the last Ol- iver Hazard Perry-class frigate in the Navy. T e Mayport, Florida-based ship is slated for decommissioning, Sept. 29.

USS Fort McHenry Visits Gloucester for Schooner Festival

By Lt. j.g. Erica Park, USS Fort McHenry Public Aff airs

MAYPORT, FL (NNS) -- The Whidbey Island-class amphibious dock landing ship USS Fort McHenry (LSD 43) and her crew visited Gloucester, MA, beginning Sept. 4 to participate in the 31st

annual Gloucester

Schooner Festival. T e visit supports the Navy’s public

outreach program which brings ships into communities not regularly frequented by the sea services. Fort McHenry Sailors and Marines

took part in festivities in and around the Gloucester Harbor during the weekend. T ey provided a color guard for the Boston Red Sox - Philadelphia Phillies baseball game on Saturday night, volunteered at the Open Door Food Pantry, hosted 100 guests for a brunch onboard, and conduct tours for those who would like to learn more about the ship.

“Our Sailors and Marines are looking

forward to experiencing the beauty and history of Gloucester, providing support

Continued on Page 8.

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