This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
Figure 6: Children Who Enter Puberty Late Have Longer Time Period to Refine Fundamental Sport Skills (Higgs, Balyi, and Way 2008)


Time to develop skills Time to develop skills Time to develop skills


Early Development


Average Developers Late Developers


AGE 8


Time to develop skills Time to develop skills Time to develop skills 10


9 11 Early Development 12 13


Average Developers Late Developers 15


14 MALES 16 17 18 19 FEMALES


Over time, late developers catch up physically and tend to demonstrate superior skills than their early developing peers. As most in-school Ultimate programs group athletes together based on chronological ages (e.g. Grade 9-12; Ages 13-18) early, average and late developers are found on the same team. Therefore, coaches must be aware of the sensitive periods for adaptation to training, ensuring that the later developers take full advantage of the skill window and early developers are training stamina and strength. All players should be given ample opportunity to practice and compete with appropriate challenges suitable for their developmental age.


Sensitive Periods


For an athlete to reach his/her full genetic potential, training must be completed during the sensitive periods of accelerated adaptations to training. This is when the athletes physiological system is most responsive to a training stimulus. Multiple windows of trainability have been identified (see below) to address the development of stamina, skills, suppleness, strength and speed (find out more about the 5 basic S’s of trainability on page 26). The athlete will still be able to improve these capacities if these adaptation periods are missed, however, not likely to their full potential.


It is also important to consider the developmental periods for athletes that best allow for mental, cognitive and emotional development. We should aim to develop the whole athlete – mind & body – during their transition through the stages.


ULTIMATE CANADA LTAD


26


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72