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the U.S., where he was indicted for his involve- ment with the hijacking.


The main issue in this case is whether the U.S. can assert personal jurisdiction over a Somalian charged with the death of four American hostag- es on a flagged U.S. vessel located off the coast of Somalia? A few of the applicable international legal sources include: the UN Charter on the Use of Force, which explains situations where nations may use force against one another; universal ju- risdiction, which allows nations to claim jurisdic- tion over an accused person regardless where the crime was committed; the Convention for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts of Violence Against the Safety of Maritime Navigation (SUA Conven- tion), which is a multilateral treaty (treaty of which


three or more nations are parties) where nations agree to prohibit and punish behavior that may threaten maritime navigation; the International Convention Against the Taking of Hostages (Con- vention Against Hostages), which is a UN treaty where nations agree to prohibit and punish hos- tage taking; and the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which is an international agreement that defines the rights and responsibilities of nations in their use of the world’s oceans.


The U.S. indicted Shibin under the following do- mestic laws: piracy, hostage taking, kidnapping, and violence against maritime navigation. Under the UN Charter, exceptions to the prohibition on the use of force include self-defense and collec-


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ILSA Quarterly » volume 22 » issue 1 » October 2013


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