This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
ARTICLE | DERMAL REJUVENATION |


Figure 4 Skin appearance during and after treatment of the periorbital area: (A) within 2 minutes; (B) 4 minutes; and (c) 6 minutes evidence, therefore, shows that carboxytherapy acts


on the microcirculation at the level of the metarterioles, arterioles and precapillary sphincters, by increasing tissue flow velocity and improving lymphatic drainage as a result. One area in which carboxytherapy is used for


. One study showed that vasodilation is mediated by nitric oxide, which induces neoangiogenesis in vitro13


circulation is in water bathing for arteriopathy, providing vasodilation and neovasodilation at the microvascular level12


,


while another showed that collateral blood flow in ischaemic hindlimb was enhanced via the mobilisation of endothelial progenitor cells12


. When using transdermal


carbon dioxide application to treat diabetic foot ulcers, Wollina et al found an improvement in granulation and a reduction in discharge after 1 week of treatment14


.


However, the authors did note that further prospective trials were necessary. In another study1


, which examined


the use of intradermal and subcutaneous carboxytherapy for the treatment of localised fat pads and cellulitis, the authors noted two significant microcirculatory changes after the administration of the therapy: an increased perfusion as measured using laser Doppler flowmetry, and an increase in oxygen tension (Bohr effect on the oxygen dissociation curve).


Lipolysis Brandi et al1


showed that carboxytherapy positively affects the physiological oxidative lipolytic process:


‘The data regarding measurements of the maximum circumference of the thigh, knee and abdomen taken before and at the end of the treatment showed a significant reduction in all patients.’


Again, the treatment was found to be highly effective


when administered subcutaneously for localised fat pads/cellulitis. During such treatment, it has been noted that the adipose tissue fractures, lysis of adipocytes occurs, and triglycerides are released into the intracellular spaces; none of the vascular structures are adversely affected during this treatment. A similar study found a significant reduction in the mean


46 ❚ January/February 2012 | prime-journal.com The data regarding measurements of the


maximum circumference of the thigh, knee and abdomen taken before and at the end of the treatment showed a significant reduction in all patients.


Figure 5 Under-eye puffiness. (A) Before treatment and (B) 2 months after the first treatment (four treatments were performed in total). (C) Before treatment and (D) 3 months after three treatments. (E) Before treatment and (F) 1 month after four treatments


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92
Produced with Yudu - www.yudu.com