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88 Taichung Throughput: 1,193,943teu


(-3.7%)


Throughput declined by 45,469teu or 3.7% in 2009 and the port expects a further decline this year and has set a modest target of 1.1m teu. As the nearest Taiwanese port to mainland China,


Taichung has benefited more than most from the resumption of cross-strait direct cargo links, beginning in December 2008. In the first four months of 2010, box volumes on the direct Taiwan-China trade rose 57.9% at Taichung port, compared to only 27% and 22.7%, respectively, at Kaohsiung and Keelung. Aggregate container volume on the trade at the three ports amounted to 570,000teu in the four-month period. Boosted by the extra volume on the China-Taiwan


direct trade, Taichung surpassed Keelung to become the second largest international port – including bulk cargo and boxes – in Taiwan last year. Taichung’s volume, including both bulk and containers,


rose 23.45% year-on-year to 41.6m tonnes in the first five months of 2010. Throughput in May even broke the Taichung port’s monthly record, reaching 9.18m tonnes.


Container throughput in the five months also rose 14.65% to 535,526teu. In April 2010, the first direct service between Taichung


and Yangluo port in Wuhan was launched by Evergreen and Shanghai Hai Hua Shipping Co (HASCO), extending the reach of Taichung’s direct service network to central China.


The port says that key challenges include expanding its


import demand base at a time of low demand, maintaining a sound financial position in order to support port expansion and continued capital investment, and maintaining carrier services at a time of consolidation. It sees opportunities, though, as the economy slowly


recovers with companies expected to start investing in new distribution centres. SCSPA wants to leverage Charleston’s deep water advantage over competing ports, allowing carriers to max-out on heavy export containers. “Charleston has recently seen an increase in exports


89 Charleston Throughput: 1,181,353teu


(-27.8%)


In response to the economic crisis, South Carolina State Ports Authority (SCSPA) has initiated new policies to help ocean carrier customers remain competitive. New leadership in top positions has been accompanied


by an organisational restructuring, focussing on the port’s sales force and strategy, while “significant cuts” have been made to operating costs.


70 www.cargosystems.net


which typically are correlated to a coming increase in imports as the southeast US is a supplier for materials used to manufacture and package finished goods we buy back,” explains a port spokesman. Expanded reefer facilities were recently completed at


the North Charleston and Wando Welch Terminals. A new containment wall is currently under construction the port’s new container terminal development in Charleston Harbour, which, points out SCSPA, is the only permitted new marine terminal construction project on the US east coast. The port claims to have the highest productivity in


North America with an average of 42 moves per hour per STS crane and an average truck turnaround of 20 minutes. Since the first quarter of 2010, the port has


accommodated all-tide access for vessels up to 8,400teu capacity.


August 2010


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