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86 Chennai Throughput: 1,216,438teu


(+1.4%)


Volumes at India’s second largest container port held up well in the face of the global downturn. However, demand for capacity is slackening off, according to local sources. Authorities are understood to be planning to use


unused extra space in terminals for other port-based activities, but will have to undergo a tedious bureaucratic process to get government approval. DP World installed two additional ZPMC twinlift super


post-panamax gantry cranes in November 2009. Volumes at the terminal declined 6% in 2009, which led the operator to implement efficiency improvements and cost reduction measures. However, the operator tells CS that external infrastructure is the key challenge. A second container terminal, PSA-Sical’s 1.5m teu


Chennai International Terminals, officially became operational in September 2009 with three container berths serviced by 10 STS gantry cranes. Maersk Line’s discontinuation of its port call on its


direct service to the US east coast is expected to have a negative impact on port volumes this year. A new container terminal is also being developed at Ennore, 25km from Chennai, with Spain’s Grup TCB


recently winning a 30-year tender on a build-operate- transfer basis. The 1.5m teu deep water project is estimated to cost US$310m and is expected to take 33 months to build.


87 Nanjing Throughput: 1,212,200teu


(-6.2%)


Nanjing was the only mainland Chinese port in the Top 100 whose ranking fell in 2009. A 79,900teu contraction, or 6.2%, was sufficient for it to fall six places to number 87. Having earmarked Rmb13.5bn (US$1.99bn) for port


expansion between 2008 and 2015, the port hopes to raise container throughput to 2.2m teu in 2012 and 4m teu by 2020. Current construction projects include the phase IV


container terminal, with 1.4km of quayline, in Longtan district, expected to become operational in late 2010. The additional five 30,000-tonne berths will bring the port’s box handling capacity to more than 2m teu a year. The current 10.5-metre deep channel is not expected


to be sufficient for future demand, so the port began dredging a 12.5-metre deep river-to-sea channel in April 2010. Nanjing is planning five more 30,000-tonne container


berths in Longtan phase VI and four 40,000-tonne multipurpose berths in Longtan phase VII. Construction


August 2010


of these terminals is expected to commence in 2010. Meanwhile, the port is speeding up the building of a


30,000-tonne liquefied chemicals terminal in Xinshenyu that will have an annual capacity of 750,000 tonnes when completed. Nanjing port handled 530,000teu in the first five months of 2010, up 23% from a year ago.


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