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78 Quanzhou Throughput: 1,251,200teu


(+3.7%)


Volumes at Quanzhou grew by 44,500teu in 2009, with the port climbing 11 places to 78 in the Top 100. The port has ambitions to handle 2m teu by 2015. The eastern China port launched a cargo integration


scheme moving its international container traffic from the Houdu port district to the newer Shihu port district in March 2009. A year later, the port further grouped its domestic box business into Shihu. The project aims to integrate port resources and phase


out the Houdu facilities where the sea channel has become narrow and shallow due to accumulation of sediment. The 15.1-metre draught at Shihu can allow


100,000-tonne vessels to pass. Houdu will be converted into a yacht terminal. Quanzhou is investing Rmb25m in the initial test phase


of construction for a 6ha man-made island in the Xiutu port district. Construction started in May 2010. The artificial island, if successfully built, will provide


land for a container depot and 5,290 metres of deepwater quay. Fourteen 50,000-tonne berths and a 35,000-tonne berth will be built on the island, adding annual capacity of 2.95m teu for containers and 14.5m tonnes for bulk cargo to Quanzhou. To tap the opportunity provided by the resumption


of the direct cargo links across the Taiwan Strait, the city government has also applied to establish a bonded port area in Xiutu. A weekly direct container service from Quanzhou to Taiwan was launched in July 2010.


79 Karachi Throughput: 1,251,107teu**


(+2.6%)


Pakistan’s leading box port recorded 2.6% growth in its 2008/09 financial year. This compares to a 2.6% decline to 1,933,000teu overall for Pakistan’s major ports, taking into account the nearly 11% fall to 682,000teu at the DP World-managed Port Qasim during this period. Volumes handled outside of dedicated container


terminals at Karachi declined from 10.3% to 5.6% (69,416teu). There has been an increasing trend for ocean carriers to


favour the modern and productive facilities at Hutchison Port Holdings (HPH)-managed Karachi International Container Terminal (KICT) and privately owned Pakistan International Container Terminal (PICT), at the expense of the state-controlled handling facilities at Karachi Port Trust (KPT). In the 2009/10 financial year, the port was expected


to post growth of 16% to 1.44m teu, with the state-controlled facilities continuing to decline (see table below). Although some improvements have been made to


Karachi’s existing terminals, including the reconstruction and lengthening of the quay wall to 1.5km at KICT, the government’s long term plan is to develop a deepsea alternative at at Keamari Groyne, a short distance from Karachi. While HPH has been given the mandate of


developing US$1.1bn the port, the container terminal has seen bids from a number of international companies, including HPH, DP World and Sharjah- based Gulftainer.


August 2010 Karachi port throughput (TEU)


Terminal 2009/10** 2008/09** Variation (Estimate)


PICT KICT KPT


594,366 513,993 789,793 667,698 62,256


69,416


+15.6% +18.3% -10.3%


TOTAL 1,446,415 1,251,107 +15.6% Source: PICT (estimates based on throughput up to April 2010) **financial year figure


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