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Indeed, even in the boom years of world growth,


Jakarta has not achieved as consistently high growth in container volumes as stakeholders would wish, compared to several other Asian ports. The port is located some distance from the main east-west shipping routes and political uncertainty, an ineffective port structure and poor productivity have dogged development. In the past the state-owned Pelindo II port


26 Jakarta Throughput: 3,800,000teu


(-4.6%)


Indonesia’s leading port remained at number 26 in the Top 100 after handling 184,278teu fewer containers than the previous year, a decline of 4.6% year-on-year. Trade volumes are tipped to continue to fall as many manufacturers seek to move production to lower cost countries.


corporation attempted to improve competition and productivity by creating two subsidiaries, the Jakarta International Container Terminal (JICT), a joint venture with Hutchison Port Holdings (HPH), and the KOJA Container Terminal. However, HPH later brought the share held by Humpuss, leading to a monopoly situation. A new Shipping Law, enacted in 2008, is due for final


implementation in 2011 and may act to make the sector more engaging for foreign investors. The new law abolishes monopolies in port management, which should sharpen competition and promote higher levels of productivity, though Pelindo II will remain responsible for managing Jakarta. A US$70m loan agreed by the International Finance


Corporation (IFC) and HSBC, will see JICT expand its capacity from 2m teu per annum to 3m teu by 2013. The total cost of the project is $160m.


27 Tokyo Throughput: 3,794,830teu


(-8.7%)


Foreign Cargo was down from 3,727,290teu in 2008 to 3,382,739teu in Japan’s leading box port while domestic traffic fell from 428,707teu to 412,091teu. The port authority tells CS that, even before the global


economic crisis, it was worried about its decline in the relative international position as a result of the rapid advance of Asian ports. Consequently, it already had an “action plan” in place to lower costs and improve services, organised by a joint body from the public and private sectors. In addition, the port of Tokyo has recently strengthened


its collaboration with the two neighbouring ports of Kawasaki and Yokohama, and aims to establish an efficient port management plan to leverage the scale of the three “Keihin Ports”. Phase II of the Tokyo Port Seaside Road Construction


Project is underway, to create a road network that stimulates the development of the waterfront areas and facilitates distribution between the terminals and the hinterland. New container terminals are being constructed in the


Outer Central Breakwater Reclamation Area to accommodate increasing volumes of Asian cargo and larger container vessels.


34 www.cargosystems.net In 2009, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government


replaced two gantry cranes and is planning to replace another this year. Hybrid transfer cranes have been introduced to Oi


Container Terminal and a multi-story container hangar will be built at the terminal’s Berth 6 in 2010. Tokyo welcomed 5,068 container vessel calls in 2009.


August 2010


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