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Located on the northwest bank of the Bohai Bay,


Tianjin has established the so-called “waterless ports” in 10 cities in the inland provinces of Shanxi, Shandong and Ningxia, allowing shippers to handle export procedures before their goods reach the sea port. Its cargo mix has thus widened extensively to include, for instance, tomato paste exported from Inner Mongolia and chemical industry products from Ningxia in west-central China. The north-eastern Chinese port has worked with local


shipping lines to start new feeder services in the Bohai rim and other domestic routes. Its domestic container traffic rose by nearly 30% during 2009. Tianjin invested Rmb12.8bn (US$1.89bn) in port


infrastructure last year. The construction of three new berths with a total quay


11 Tianjin Throughput: 8,700,000teu


(+2.3%)


Bucking the general trend in 2009, the port of Tianjin grew by 197,300teu, or 2.3%, and climbed three places to 11th in the Top 100.


length of 1.1km was completed at Tianjin Port Euroasia International Container Terminal, adding 1.7m teu of annual handling capacity to the port. There were two new 40,000-tonne general cargo berths


entering trial operation in the Beigangchi port area last year. When the trial phase is over, the port will be able to handle 11m tonnes more general cargo every year. Also recently completed are a 300,000-tonne crude oil terminal and a ro- ro terminal capable of handling 500,000 cars each year. Tianjin continues to score in 2010, handling 3.83m teu


in the first five months, representing a year-on-year increase of 11%.


Kaohsiung has recorded an average decline in


throughput of 2.44% in the past five years. In May this year, Maersk Line pulled out of the hub after its leases on two terminals expired and the line had already handed over control of two quays in Kaohsiung to Hanjin Pacific in January. But the Kaohsiung Harbour Bureau (KHB) remains


defiant. It has started several expansion and improvement projects to defend its hub port position. Four new quays with 3m teu capacity are expected to become operational by 2013. It is also building a 38.8ha free trade zone and


delivery hub. It will offer incentives for shipping lines and foreign shippers to set up warehouses and logistics facilities in the port. Kaohsiung is expected to benefit from an anticipated


12 Kaohsiung Throughput: 8,581,273teu


(-11.3%)


Despite handling over 1m teu fewer containers in 2009, Taiwan’s largest port maintained its 12th position in the world rankings.


18 www.cargosystems.net


further relaxation on cross-strait shipping to allow foreign- flagged vessels operating between China and Taiwan to carry transhipment cargo. Direct ship and air links for non- transhipment cargo between the two countries resumed in December 2008 after the lifting of a 49-year ban. The port bureau has not yet sorted out the scandal of


the allegedly inflated container throughput in 2007 after which 46 executives from KHB and eight shipping lines were indicted for corruption. Three more executive were indicted in November 2009. Kaohsiung handled 4.55m teu in the first half of 2010.


August 2010


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