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9 Qingdao Throughput: 10,260,000teu


(+2.4%)


China’s fifth largestmainland port grew by 490,900teu and overtook Rotterdam to take the ninth place in the Top 100 league. In response to a global downturn, Qingdao has


encouraged shippers on the domestic trade to ship steel and other traditional bulk cargo in containers. It also offered shippers free storage for empty boxes. Despite the poor economic climate, nearly 20 new


services, including those on South America and Middle East routes, started calling at Qingdao during 2009. More good news came in December as the port’s two


major operators – Qingdao New Qianwan Container Terminal (QQCTN) and Hong Kong-listed China Merchants Holdings (International) – agreed to form a 50:50 joint venture to run the nine container berths on the southern bank of the Qianwan Harbour District, ending the vicious competition between the two former rivals and eliminating the need to construct new berths. QQCTN is a joint venture of Qingdao Port Group, DP


World, Cosco Pacific, AP Moller and Pan Asia International Shipping. The new venture, called Qingdao Qianwan United


Container Terminal, has an annual capacity of 5.25m teu. In the first half of 2010, Qingdao handled 5.66m teu,


up 11.5% on the same period last year. The port expects its throughput to reach 11m teu for the full year of 2010, which would represent a 7.2% increase over 2009.


10 Rotterdam Throughput: 9,743,290teu


(-9.6%)


Europe’s leading container port saw volumes fall by over 1m teu in 2009 but dropped only one place in the Top 100 league table, overtaken by China’s Qingdao. Nonetheless, the Dutch port faired better than some


regional rivals, particularly the leading German ports, after some ocean carriers switched their relay business to Rotterdam and Antwerp. There are signs of recovery, though, with Q1 2010


seeing container volumes climb 16% year-on-year to 2.6m teu at the Dutch port, while cargo across all trade lanes rose by 14% to 107m tonnes. The port of Rotterdam is pressing ahead with


expansion plans. Reclamation of land for the Maasvlakte 2 project reached its half way point in May 2010 with 120m sq metres of sand sprayed on, creating a peninsula stretching around 3km. Construction of the first quay wall began in February


and the contractors are building hard sea defences along the northwest side of the new land using a unique “Blockbuster” crane to position large concrete blocks.


August 2010 October 2009 saw APM Terminals’ Rotterdam facility


switched to wind-generated electricity to power its 14 gantry cranes, refrigerated containers plugs, yard lighting, workshops and other energy requirements. The €12.5m ($18.45m) project generates electricity through sophisticated wind turbines integrated into the local power grid from two locations near the 100ha terminal.


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