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5 Busan Throughput: 11,954,861teu


(-11.1%)


South Korea’s leading box port retained its fifth place position in the Top 100 in 2009, despite handling nearly 1.5m teu fewer containers than the previous year. In April 2009, sliding demand for container capacity led


financially troubled Pusan New Port Company, majority controlled by DP World, to divest three unwanted berths with 1.5m teu capacity to Busan Port Authority (BPA) for an estimated Won490bn (US$386m). BPA subsequently attempted to put the berths out to


tender in August 2009. It finally awarded them to PSA International and Hanjin Transportation in September 2009 after a third tender attempt. Pusan Newport opened in early 2006 but has struggled


to attract business, with lines preferring to call at established terminals close to the city centre. ZPMC delivered 63 RMGs and seven STS gantry


cranes to terminals at Pusan Newport in 2009. The Chinese manufacturer is scheduled to deliver


42 more RMGs and nine additional STS cranes this year. Figures for May 2010 show that volumes at Busan


increased 35% compared to the same month last year. South Korean ports as a whole handled almost 28% more containers than the previous May.


6 Guangzhou Throughput: 11,190,000teu


(+1.7%)


Thanks to its strong domestic feeder network and shipping line incentive scheme, Guangzhou grew by 188,600teu and overtook Dubai to become the world’s sixth busiest box port in 2009. Guangzhou’s comprehensive feeder shuttle network


covers most of the manufacturing bases in the Pearl River Delta. The city government is also expanding the rail network. It plans to build a railway linking the Nansha port area – which accounted for 6.56m teu of Guangzhou’s throughput – and Heshan, 70km away. Customs services will be established at Heshan to


allow shippers to handle export procedures there. A similar arrangement has been set up in Kunming, Yunnan province, and is expected to be brought to more inland cities. In 2009, the city government provided incentives of


Rmb7m (US$1.03m) to five shipping lines that contributed volumes through Nansha. China Shipping Container Lines, Cosco Container Lines, Maersk Line, MSC and CMA CGM brought 4.2m teu, 1.5m teu,


August 2010


260,000teu, 160,000teu and 110,000teu, respectively, to Nansha in 2009, according to local media reports. The irregular direct feeder service between Guangzhou


and Taiwan’s Keelung, Kaohsiung and Taichung ports, which was started in 2009, became a weekly service from April 2010. In the first half of 2010, Guangzhou handled 6.07m teu, up 16.8% from the same period a year earlier.


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