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3 Hong Kong Throughput: 20,983,000teu


(-14.3%)


Relying heavily on the demand for Chinese export goods, the port recorded a 24% year-on-year dive in containerised throughput in January 2009. Things have since improved as consumer markets in the west picked up. The throughput decline narrowed gradually throughout the year and a rebound of 6.2% was finally recorded in December. Nonetheless, full year volumes were down by 3,511,000teu compared to 2008. Probably enthused by its ever-expanding neighbours


in Shenzhen and Guangzhou, the city’s government has finally pressed ahead with concrete plans to build a 10th


terminal after years of consultation, despite the fact that Hong Kong’s existing 19m teu capacity has not yet been utilised. An area on the southwest side of Tsing Yi, close to


the existing container terminal nine, has been identified by officials as the preferred location for the new US$1bn terminal. A feasibility study into the project, carried out by


Maunsell Aecom, will be completed in early 2011. The first berth will not become operational until around 2016 at the earliest. A 2008 study forecast that Hong Kong will need the first new container berth by 2015 at the earliest. The city’s container volume has continued to improve


since the beginning of 2010. In the first five months of this year, Hong Kong handled 9.4m teu, up 15.5% from a year earlier. The full-year throughput for 2010 is forecast to reach 23.5m teu, the same level as 2006.


4 Shenzhen Throughput: 18,250,100teu


(-14.8%)


Despite a volume contraction of over 3.1m teu, or 14.8%, Shenzhen retained its fourth place in the Top 100, a position it has held since 2003. The big brother in the Pearl River Delta was hardest hit


among Chinese ports because of its heavy reliance on the US and Europe trades and lack of domestic traffic. The shift from low-end manufacturing of toys,


garments and furniture to a more hi-tech product mix has also been blamed for prolonging the production cycle and shrinking the product size, thus reducing cargo volume. Shenzhen has worked hard to reduce its reliance on US


and European markets by luring alternative cargo and opening up new markets, such as South America and South Africa. Its trade with India, Australia and Southeast Asia grew 34.8%, 11.1% and 2.4% respectively in 2009, according to the Shenzhen Ports Association. The port is also trying to increase domestic services.


More than 30 feeder services covering over 20 towns in south China have been opened at the west Shenzhen port


August 2010


area. But the port is facing fierce competition from Nansha port in Guangzhou which is more well- established in the domestic market. Planned expansions in Shenzhen include the phase four


at Shekou Container Terminal, phases two and four at Da Chan Bay, Westport phase two and phase one of the Eastern Port at Yantian. A Rmb2bn (US$295m) logistics centre is being built in


Yantian east port area which will occupy 20ha of land and the construction of the first phase will be completed in 2010. Shenzhen handled 10.46m teu in the first half of 2010, representing a 29.42% surge from the same period last year.


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