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forms in which the effect of Consciousness can be witnessed. Here, the names and attri- butes of Consciousness are mentioned:


It is this heart (intellect) and this mind... It is sentience, rulership, secular knowl- edge, presence of mind, retentiveness, sense-perception, fortitude, thinking, genius, mental suffering, memory, as- certainment, resolution, life-activities, hankering, passion and such others. All these, verily, are the names of Conscious- ness. ...The universe has Conscious- ness as its eye, and Consciousness is its end. Consciousness is Brahman.


often mention Consciousness, Existence or ñ


A logical question was first asked: We 3 ^ +


L S Sô


actually know it? Any activity related to liv- ing, knowledge and emotion is referred to here. Where there is life, there can be seen the effects of Consciousness. Through these effects, Consciousness can be known, for it is the principle that underlies them all. But õ ô3


3 3 ô ô 3 Sô S I + ô


Upanishad does not stop there. Those crea- tures that “do not move” are also included


under the purview of Consciousness, which õ


ô3 ôRô ô ô 3 ô õôõ


as effects of Consciousness. The Upanishad goes on to state that the entire universe has Consciousness as its substratum and as its goal. Meditation on these effects of Con- sciousness brings one to the knowledge of Consciousness itself.


How to Realize Immortality How else can one achieve the realization of Consciousness? In the ! ö *


1ö ó it


is said, “The unintelligent people follow the external desires. They get entangled in the snares of the widespread death. Therefore, the discriminating people, having known what true immortality is in the midst of im- permanent things, do not pray for anything ô ôKH Æôõ


5 ôX3 õô3 ô3 ô 3


the external world is also a means to this realization. Finally, King Yama, or Lord Death, tells Naciketas in the ! ö *


^ d S 53e õL ô ô 1ö ó, “Arise,


awake, and learn by approaching the excel- lent ones.” In the# ó * 1ö ó it is said, “For knowing that Reality, he should go, S 3


versed in the Vedas and absorbed in Brah-


Through this Self that is Conscious- ness, he ascended higher up from this mehbZ1 WdZ" ][jj_d] Wbb Z[i_h[i \kbÑbb[Z in that heavenly world, he became immortal. He became immortal.


Immortality is the goal. Immortality is the end. Identification with Consciousness means that one is finally identified with


The Evolution of Science 101 R


emember when european science was adamant that the earth is flat? That notion, so aligned with human observational skills of the day, was disproved some 2,400 years ago. It took another 1,800 years before Copernicus


convinced most that the Sun, not the Earth, was at the center of the universe. And here we are, 500 years after that disorienting rev- elation, about to be shocked again by science—this time, the science of the mind. The old science (still alive and õ


Sô 3 3 * ô UG ô 3


us life begins with protobacte- ria, evolves to single-celled then multicellular organisms, into Z'#L


ô * ô ôG 5 L


plants, protozoa, insects, worms, reptiles, and mammals such as Homo sapiens in all his cerebral glory. With man came the cerebral cortex, that complex mechanism inside of our skull which, they say, ô


ô3 3 3 ô33K ' õ]3


scientists don’t quite know what consciousness is, but they are cer- tain that it is an epiphenomenon of matter and when the brain dies, consciousness ceases to exist. The new science of conscious-


man.” Value is placed upon learning directly from a teacher who is already a knower of Brahman, because according to Shankara, no means of knowledge pertaining to worldly things can be a valid means of knowing Brahman, for its scope must necessarily be limited to what can be perceived. But then, why should one strive to achieve


this realization? In Indian philosophical literature, no inquiry takes place without a clear purpose in mind. So what is the pur- pose of knowing Brahman? The purpose of this inquiry becomes clear at the end of the ïS * 1ö ó, when the text declares,


“Consciousness is Brahman.” In fact, nothing other than Consciousness truly exists. What is the practical application of this knowledge ô 3


I + ô ^ 3ô ô3 ô J


ness retorts, “No, no. The brain does not create consciousness. Consciousness creates the brain, and continues after brain death.” Evidence of the nonmaterial existence of consciousness is drawn from near-death experiences, out-of-the-body experiences, non-local awareness, reincarnational experiences and the wild world of quantum physics, where even particles separated by great distances seem to be aware of each other in some mysterious way. The new science is in its infancy.


Like Copernicus and Galileo, its acolytes are pioneers who suffer the derisive slings and arrows of the die-hard physicalists—those who hold to a material source for con- sciousness. But there are many who are convinced that, like the Pope who threw Galileo into a cell for his heliocentric heresies, the nay-sayers will ultimately be proven wrong and a new science of the mind will emerge, setting the stage for the greatest of all discoveries. Spoiler alert: some have already made those discoveries. Check out the conferences held every two years in Tucson, Arizona: www.conscious- ness.arizona.edu/archived.htm


april/may/june, 2017 hinduism today 55


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