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l the ubiquitous delivery of very high speed access at 10 Gb/s per user within 10 years and later 100 Gb/s (including visible light communication);

l the architectural limitations of inter and intra data centre connectivity;

l the limitations of current optical transmission technologies.

Te Commission is now preparing for the second phase of the PPP, which will build on the projects in phase one, and place a greater emphasis on trials and demonstrations. On the optical theme, work will take place through two upcoming 5G-related Horizon 2020 calls, ICT-07-2017: 5G PPP Research and Validation of Critical Technologies and Systems, and ICT-08-2017: 5G PPP Convergent Technologies. Te call for proposals will open on 10 May 2016 and close on 8 November 2016. Tibaut Kleiner explained: ‘Tere will be a specific optical core strand as part of phase two

Individual projects are collaborating to a common vision for 5G

of this 5G PPP, not only for research but also – and most important – for the innovation strand. Essentially what we hope is that in this objective you can have optical networks delivering high traffic and capacity increase for 5G networks, and at the same time we will work on the core and metro environments so we can have more flexible and adaptive form of these networks. As far as innovation is concerned, here we want to have new solutions showcasing how we can use the new access functionalities for 5G technologies.’ Project seeking funding from ICT-07-2017

should ‘aim to eliminate the current and anticipated limitations of network infrastructures, by making them capable of supporting a much wider array of requirements than is the case today, and with capability of flexibly adapting to different “vertical” application requirements.’ Te call covers three strands that

complement each other: l Strand 1: wireless access and radio network architecture/technologies

l Strand 2: High-capacity elastic optical networks

l Strand 3: the ‘soſtware network’ Projects seeking funding from ICT-08-2017

14 FIBRE SYSTEMS Issue 11 • Spring 2016

@fibresystemsmag |


The 5G PPP white paper presents a series of use cases that are considered the most realistic for deployment in 2020. These applications should form the basis for a consolidated set of 5G requirements that will feed into the 5G standardisation process. The automotive sector

considers that 5G will be used for cooperative automated driving so that thousands of vehicles can exchange information between each other in real-time (low latency). Future connected cars will have a ‘see through’ security application that enables the user to see the road far ahead of the vehicle in front of them, overtake safely and avoid accidents. The health sector would

find 5G useful for smart pharmaceuticals containing embedded connected devices for the management of chronic diseases and pains in general; remote monitoring of symptoms and vital signs such as blood pressure and heart rate; and healthcare robotics. For example, 5G could improve the quality of experience of surgeons using operating robots.

Google’s prototype self-driving car has no steering wheel or pedals, and instead lets the software and sensors handle the driving

In smart factories, 5G

could be useful for time- critical process control, factory automation, remote control, enterprise communication and connected goods. It would be vital for robot-based manufacturing processes where the detection of an incident may require ultra-fast response from the network. 5G could help energy

companies balance supply and demand in a future when a growing proportion of energy is generated by solar and wind (sometimes unpredictable) and the growing number of electric vehicles place varying

need to tackle the challenge of managing converged networks and technologies. Te call explains it thus: ‘On the one hand, technological versatility increases service provision capabilities, with ever raising possibilities to dimension service offer to context and user specific service-level agreements. On the other hand, convergence technologies are getting increasingly complex, with ever larger integration of multiple technological heterogeneous hardware and soſtware components, and more difficult properties to characterise at scale. Te challenge thus tackles scalability and usability of mixed network technological approaches that can benefit from previous research, towards validation of deployment at scale.’ Proposals must relate to:

l ubiquitous 5G access leveraging optical technologies

l flexible network applications l cooperation in access convergence

and unpredictable demand on the network. Smart grids use wireless networks and protocols to enable electricity consuming and producing devices to be monitored. The media and

entertainment sector will use 5G for ultra-high fidelity media, live event experiences, immersive and integrated media, cooperative media production and collaborative gaming. For instance, games based on virtual reality could be played across continents, or football games watched in 3D and with immersive lenses from a living room as from within the stadium.

A shared vision for 5G Te European Commission believes that by focusing on a shared vision, projects will make more rapid progress. ‘We have embraced an approach where individual projects are not only working on their own, they are collaborating to a common vision for 5G,’ said Tibaut Kleiner. Expanding the collaboration beyond the borders of Europe, the Commission has also signed joint declarations of working on 5G with governments in Brazil, China, Japan and Korea. Furthermore, the Commission is currently

considering how to expand this visionary model to encompass all networking technologies. ‘Tese research clusters will also be reassessed to see to what extent the 5G PPP can become the centre of gravity for all our research activities in network technologies,’ said Kleiner. l

Further information:


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