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SPOTCHECKSAFETY Cyber attacks:


There is no doubt about it: cyber attacks are on the rise. Whether indiscriminate or targeted, the effects can be devastating – and the only way to beat them is to stay one step ahead, writes Megan Ramsay.


successful cyber attack, the damage to an organisation’s reputation, value and operational capabilities can be significant. High-profile incidences of cyber attacks


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include the NotPetya malware that struck AP Møller-Mærsk in 2017, the financial cost of which was estimated at USD200-300million. UK-based broker Clarkson Shipping,


meanwhile, fell foul of a cyber security hack in November 2017. It warned of a potential release of confidential data, although the leak was quickly disabled and an investigation was initiated immediately.


Growing threat Satellite communication provider Marlink’s white paper, ‘Cyber security: next generation defences against the growing threat of cyber attacks’, states that, to date, most “large-scale cyber attacks in the maritime sector have been untargeted”. However, it is widely expected that cyber


attackers will increasingly ‘discover’ the maritime industry and launch targeted attacks that are much more dangerous and can only be detected using next-generation cyber security measures, according to Marlink. The industry must therefore take


proactive steps in order to protect itself from the constantly evolving nature of cyber


88 January/February 2019


attacks and their ever-more damaging consequences. Marlink said that the Baltic and


International Maritime Council (BIMCO) has already issued a set of cyber security guidelines, and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) has made it mandatory to include cyber risk in each vessel’s safety management protocol. Furthermore, the financial penalties for


cyber security breaches involving data are rising. For instance, in 2018 the EU introduced


general data protection regulations, with fines for non-compliance of up to EUR20 million (USD22.8 million) – or 4 percent of


The industry will soon be under the obligation to incorporate measures to deal with cyber risks in the ship’s safety management system. – Dirk Fry, BIMCO


annual global company revenue, whichever is greater. According to Marlink, these penalties


“will be particularly severe if a cyber attack was facilitated by negligence – for example, insufficient protection mechanisms, unencrypted sensible data [or] untrained staff”.


Security guidelines The third edition of BIMCO’s Guidelines on Cyber Security Onboard Ships, released in late 2018, reflects this situation. Dirk Fry, chair of BIMCO’s cyber


security working group, said: “The industry will soon be under the obligation to incorporate measures to deal with cyber risks in the ship’s safety management system.” It includes additional information that


should help shipping companies carry out proper risk assessments. The guidelines also refer to risk


assessments specifically for operational technology (OT) – such as navigational systems and engine controls – which is often


www.heavyliftpfi.com


loyd’s Register (the international provider of classification, compliance and consultancy services to the marine and offshore industries) says that in the event of a


Protection, detection and resolution


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