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COUNTRY REPORTSPAIN


Bolloré Logistics handled the transport of four oversized


natural gas tanks from Spain to the Ivory Coast.


“Normally, heavy and outsize cargo tends to arrive by ship, so it is our coastal zones that ought to be more prepared for that type of cargo,” Martínez explained.


Laydown space As wind turbine blades increase in size, one issue that is becoming more pressing is laydown space at Spain’s ports. Pérez-Torres Fernández pointed out: “This is more a problem for imports, which may involve ports that are not used to this type of cargo, depending on the location of the wind farms involved, than for exports. That is because the export terminals are more used to this traffic and are better equipped for it.” Arés feels that a definitive solution to the


country’s stevedoring problems would help improve competitiveness. In addition: “The level of standardisation


of bureaucratic processes across various administrations – the state and the different autonomous communities, and so on – would be something to improve.” It can take six weeks for a permit to be


Standardisation of bureaucratic processes across various administrations would be something to improve. – Fernando Arés, Bolloré Logistics


Repowering Spain’s wind farms


At this year’s Wind Europe conference held in Bilbao on April 2-4, one panel discussion focused on the repowering of existing wind farms in Spain in order to generate more power from fewer, more efficient turbines occupying the same footprint as the ones they replace. Heikki Willstedt, director of energy policies and


climate change, at the Spanish wind energy association Asociación Empresarial Eólica (AEE), explained: “In Spain, old turbines are being repowered now because there are no spares for the old models. By 2030, 19 GW of assets will be over 20 years old, and we


www.heavyliftpfi.com


need policies for repowering after 2025 so we can get more energy from the best places – which, obviously, is where the old turbines are now.” But legislation can be cumbersome. Luca Bragoli,


head of international and institutional affairs at wind power operator ERG Group, noted that when repowering with more modern turbines, which are two or three times bigger than their predecessors, there can be complications in terms of obtaining permits from the authorities as well as resistance from local communities. There are other challenges, too. As Preben


issued, which can make schedules tight, and Spain’s bureaucracy can be a stumbling block for foreign companies in particular. “Obviously, if you are based in a country


that belongs to the EEC [for example Belgium, where Sarens has its headquarters], the processes are simpler than if you are not a member, but they are far from what would be required if Sarens were a Spanish company,” Martínez explained. He also pointed to the lack of


standardisation across different authorities. “The bureaucracy is different depending on the autonomous region where you are going to be working – so permits and documents that are valid in one region may not allow you to work in another.”


Skatvedt, global development manager at Vestas Wind Systems, pointed out: “Repowering in Spain is slow because of the permitting process, but also because the business case is not clear cut. Investors must decide whether it is better to start a green field project or go for lifetime extension, and consider costs, savings and return on their investment.” Plus, repowering can be a sort of “limbo” state,


Skatvedt said. “You lose your right to benefit from the old system – that is, legacy funding such as a feed-in tariff for existing installations – but you cannot apply for the new system either – that is, auctions, which are intended for new installations only.” He suggested that there could be an auction system developed solely for repowering.


May/June 2019 97


HLPFI


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