This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
COMMENTARY by Andy Pye ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS THE SOCIETY OF


WORKING TOGETHER, DRIFTING APART


that Imoderated at the MTC recently, and reported on page 17 of this very issue, seems to indicate that there is a long way to go, particularly in our small- andmedium-sized enterprise community. Recently, I attended the annual National Instruments event NIDays at


N


the QEII Conference Centre in London and spoke to the company’s Technical and Marketing Director (Europe), Rahman Jamal. We were talking specifically about Ethernet time-sensitive networks (TSN), of which more in the February issue, but the discussion broadened out naturally. A car, Jamal pointed out, can be made identically in Germany and “over


the wall” in Mexico, using digitisation to share the technology and automation to manufacture it. But what if the US will not accept this approach any more, preferring instead to revert to an introverted manufacturing agenda? Seven promises on trade reform were high on the agenda in Donald Trump’s election campaign. Arguably the most important ones were the threats to withdraw the US from the North American Free Trade Agreement, and the introduction of tariffs on Chinese imports. An even bolder pledge was to revitalise industries in the Rustbelt. Can the US heavy industries really be kick-started back into life and compete on a domestic scale, never mind the international stage? Although trade experts believe that some of Trump’s reforms –


particularly the introduction of a 45 per cent tariff on Chinese goods – are empty threats, it is very difficult to know how Trump will give effect to his campaign pledges when his administration takes office. Conventional economic wisdom would suggest that an audacious trade agenda would reduce output and lower American economic welfare. Jamal concurs with this view that protectionismcan only lead to a loss of





competitiveness. But he alsomakes the interesting point that Germany’s strength is actually heavy industry – the Internet of BIG Things, as he called it. Conversely, linking it all together and devising the software that is needed to do that is a strength of the US. Perhaps it could be further argued that the strength of the UK is innovative design? If ever the case wasmade that we should be working together for the benefit of all, this is it. Could heaven be where the intellectual


some of Trump’s reforms are empty threats


Experts believe ’


property is British, the robots are German and the artificial intelligence is American? In which case, where are we now? There must be a joke in there somewhere…


ot for the first time, it has been noted that Germany leads Europe – and very probably the world – in its adoption of Internet of Things technology. The UK claims that things are changing, but the round table discussion on digitising industry


President and Chairman of Council


Peter Vincent, PSEE, BA, IEng, MIET, Hon.FSEE Immediate Past President


GrahamCouser, PPSEE, CEng, CEnv, Hon.FSEE Past Presidents


Prof Steve Burnage PPSEE, CEng, CEnv, FIMechE Hon.FSEE


Prof Mervyn L. de Calcina-Goff, StJ, PPSEE ASIS CEnv, FRSA, Hon.FSEE


Vice Presidents


Stephen Tweed, CEng, CEnv, FSEE James Regan, CEnv, FSEE


Hon.Treasurer


Colin Weetch, IEng, FSEE Chief Executive


Prof Raymond P. Clark, OBE, DSc, CEng, CEnv, Hon.FSEE, Hon.FSE


Offices of the SEE


100 Borough High Street, London SE1 1LB


Direct Line +44 (0)20 7863 3075 office@environmental.org.uk www.environmental.org.uk


Company Secretary & Finance Director David Fidler


Membership David Amos


membership@environmental.org.uk


Environmental Engineering


www.EnvironmentalEngineering.org.uk Editorial


Direct Line +44 (0) 20 7863 3078 Editor Andy Pye MA (Cantab)


andy.pye@concordepublishing.com


Technical Editor Jonathan Newell BSc jon.newell@concordepublishing.com Design Editor Andy Warren


Advertising


Direct Line +44 (0) 20 7863 3077 Advertising Manager John Harvey


john.harvey@concordepublishing.com Subscriptions


Concorde Publishing Ltd Orders Department, 100 Borough High Street, London SE1 1LB, UK subscriptions@concordepublishing.com


Managing Director Paul Williams paul.williams@concordepublishing.com


ConcordePublishingLtd 100 Borough High Street, London SE1 1LB, UK Direct Line +44 (0) 20 7863 3079


© Society of Environmental Engineers 2016 ISSN 0954-5824


This publication is copyright under the Berne Convention and the International Copyright Convention. Apart from any fair


dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, no part may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, electrical, chemical mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the


copyright owners. Unlicensed multiple copying of the contents of this publication is illegal. Inquiries should be addressed to: The Publisher, Concorde Publishing Ltd, 100 Borough High


Street, London SE1 1LB, UK. Views expressed are those of the authors and are not necessarily endorsed by The Society of


Environmental Engineers or its publisher Concorde Publishing Ltd. Data and conclusions developed are for information only and are not intended for use without independent substantiating investigation by the potential user.


December 2016 /// Environmental Engineering /// 3


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60