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jha;tPL


• etk;gu; , ,urpfkzp fdf nre;jpehjd;


yf;fpaf; fyhepjp gz;bjkzp rp. fzgjpg;gps;is mtu;fspd; ngaiu mbf;fb cr;rupg;gtH ,urp


fkzp fdf nre;jpehjd;. mg;gb cr;rupg; gjpy; mtUf;F myhjpahdNthu; ,d;gk;. Njid thnahOfr; rhg;gpLtJNghyg; gz;bjkzpiag; gw;wpg; gykzpNeuk; kpFe;j ,uridNahL mtu; NgRthu;.


njspT FUtpd; jpUNkdp fhz;ly; njspT FUtpd; jpUehkQ; nrg;gy; njspT FUtpd; wpUthu;j;ij Nfl;ly; njspT FUTUr; rpe;jpj;jy; jhNd


vd;Dk; jpUke;jpuj;Jf;Nfw;gj; jdJ FU itr; nrd;W fhZjy;> mtuJ fUj;- Jiufisf; Nfl;ly;> mtuJ ehkj;ijr; nrg;gy;> mtupd; cUtj;ijr; rpe;jpj;jy; vd;gdtw;iw cz;ikahfNt nra;Jte;j cj;jk khzhf;fu; nre;jpehjd;.


gz;bjkzp ngupa ,yf;fpa tpku;rfu;. jkpo; ,yf;fpa rhfuj;jpd; Moj;ij mwpe;jtu;. mjpNy KOfpj; jpisj;J mupa Kj;Jf;fis vy;yhk; vOj;jhYk; Ngr;rh Yk; vLj;Jf; nfhopj;jtu;. mtH gzpia> mtu;topepd;W njhlu;e;J nra;J mtuJ jdpg;ngUk; thuprhf tpsq;fpatu; nre;jp ehjd;.


,j;jifa ngUkfid ehd; Kjd;Kj yhfr; re;jpj;J Rd;dhfk; jdyf;Fkp Gj;jfrhiyapyhFk;. mg;nghOJ vOj; Jyfpy; ehd; ghyu; gpupT. nre;jpehjd; vy;NyhUf;Fk; njupe;j vOj;jhsu;. mf; fhyj;jpw; gy vOj;jhsu;fSf;Fr; re;jpg;Gf; fskhf tpsq;fpaJ jdyf;Fkp Gj;jf rhiy. ,jd; mjpgu; jpU. eh. nghd;idah mtu;fs; <oehl;bd; ,izaw;w gjpg; ghrpupau;;‘<oNfrup’ gj;jpupif mjpguhf ,Ue;J mjd;%yk; ,yf;fpak; tsu;j;j ngUikAilatu;.


<oNfrup nghd;idahTk; fdf nre;jp- ehjDk; njy;ypg;gisapy; cs;s FUk;g rpl;bf; fpuhkj;jtu;. nghd;idahtpd; gz;izapy; vd; jpUkzk; ele;J> ehd; FUk;grpl;bapy; FbNawpaijj; njhlu;e;J> nre;jpehjDf;Fk; vdf;Fk; neUf;fkhd njhlu;G tsuj;njhlq;fpaJ. mtu; tPl;Lf;F ,uz;L tPLfs; js;sp vdJ tPL.


1965Mk; Mz;Lg; gpw;gFjpapy; nfhOk;Gg; ghlg;Gj;jf rigapypUe;J tatpshd; kj;jpa kfh tpj;jpahyj;Jf;F khw;wk; ngw;Nwd;. mf;fhy fl;lj;jpNyNa khj;jis ,yf;fpa tl;lj;ijg; Nghd;W aho;g;gh zj;jpYk; Xu; ,yf;fpa tl;lk; mikf;f Ntz;ba mtrpaj;ijr; nre;jpehjd; mtu;


,yf;fpa cwTfs; - 11


fsplk; nrhy;yp itj;Njd;. mtUf;F tl;lk; vd;w nrhy;Ny gpbf;ftpy;iy. mJ xU FWfpa tl;lkhfNt mtUf;Fg; gl;lJ. Gjpjhf xd;iwj; njhlq;FtjpYk; ghu;f;f cwq;fpf; fplf;Fk; mfpy ,yq;if vOj;jhsu; rq;fj;ij ,af;fyhk; vd;whu;. mjidj; njhlu;e;J mtu; ghbj;jpupe;j jpUg;gs;sp vOr;rp vt;tpj gyidAk; jutpy;iy. ,J Fwpj;Jg; gy ehl;fs; tpthjq;fs; elj;jpNdhk;. ‘rup> ePq;fs; cq;fs; gz;izapNyNa epd;W nfhs; Sq;fs;> ehd; vdf;Fj; njupe;j ,sk; vOj;jhsu;fisr; Nru;j;J ,yf;fpa tl;lk; xd;iw Muk;gpf;fg; Nghfpd;Nwd;’ vd;W xUehs; jpl;ltl;lkhfNt $wptpl; Nld;. topf;F te;J tpl;lhu;. 1966Mk; Mz;L fdf nre;jpehjd; jiyikapy; aho; ,yf;fpa tl;lk; Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lJ.


$l;lq;fSf;Fg; ngUk;ghYk; xd;whfNt Ngha;tUNthk;. Neuj;Jf;Fr; nry;y Ntz; Lk; vd;gJ vdJ nfhs;if. ‘Vd; mtrug; glNtz;Lk;’ vd;gJ mtuJ Nghf;F. ,e;j tplaj;jpy; mtuJ fl;lisiag; gy


re;ju;g;gq;fspy; kPw Ntz;ba epiyik Vw;gl;Ltpl;lJ.


xUKiw ,yf;fpa tl;lj;jpd; Mz;L tpoh xd;W rhtfr;Nrup ,e;Jf; fy;Y}up apy; elj;jg;gl;lJ. mg;nghOJ ehd; ,yf;fpa tl;lj;jpd; jiytuhf ,Ue;j fhyk;. nrhw;nghopTfs;> fr;rha;g; Gytu; rpd;idah mtu;fSf;Fg; ghuhl;L> ehlfk; vd;W ngupa Vw;ghLfs;. Neuk; VO kzp MfpAk; kf;fs; te;J $ltpy;iy. ,yf;fpa tl;l cWg;gpdu;fSk; gpwUnkd ,UgJ NgustpNyNa kz;lgj;jpy; ,Ue; jdu;. ‘nghW> nghW> rdq;fs; tul;Lk;> mtrug;glhNj’ vd;whH nre;jpehjd;. gj;J epkplq;fs; tiu kl;LNk nghWj;Njd;. cs;stu;fis ,Uf;fr; nrhy;ypj; jiy ikAiuia Muk;gpj;Njd;.


nre;jpehjDld; Ngrpf;nfhz;bUe;jhy; nghOJ NghtNj njupahJ. gioa ,yf;fpak;> rk fhyg; gilg;Gfs;> murpay;> rkak;> r%fg; gpur;rpidfs; vd;W vJ gw;wpg; NgrpdhYk; mjpy; xU Rit ,Uf; fNt nra;Ak;. vdpDk; jw;fhy ,yf;fpaNk nghJthfg; Ngrg;gLk; nghUshf ,Uf;Fk;. fy;fp> F.gh.uh.> gpr;r%u;j;jp> gp.v];.uhikah> K.t.> mfpyd;> rpjk;gu Rg;gpukzpad;> R. nry;yg;gh> Rg;G Nghd;w jkpo;ehl;L vOj;jhsu;fSk; gz;bjkzp rp.f.> k.Nt. jpUQhdrk;ge;ju;> rp. itj;jpypq;fk;> Nrh. rptghjRe;juk;> rk;ge;jd;> ,yq;ifau;- Nfhd; Nghd;w <oj;J vOj;jhsu;fSk; Ngr;rpNy gtdpte;J Nghthu;fs;. KbT- whj ,j;jifa Ngr;R KbtpNy xU E}y; epiyaj;jpy; nghOijf; fopj;j g+upg;G ,Uf;Fk;.


- tp. fe;jtdk; -


mtuJ r%f ehtYf;F mtu; vOjpa Kd;DiuapypUe;J xU ge;jp ,Njh:


‘,e;jf; fhyj;jpy; ‘ajhHj;jk;’ vd;w


ngahpy; capuw;witfisf; fhl;Ltjpy; rpyH ,d;gk; fhZfpd;wdH. mJNt nghpa GJik vd;Wk; MHg;ghpf;fpd;wdH. gz;gh lw;w tp\aq;fisg; G+jf;fz;zhbahy; ,sk; guk;giuf;Ff; fhl;Lk; Nghf;if ehd; Kw;whf vjpHf;fpNwd;. mjdhy; vt; tpj gpuNahrdKk; ,y;iy vd;gJ vdJ ek;gpf;if.’


,e;jg; girNa vd;id ,urpfkzpAld; xl;litj;jJ. vdpDk; gy tplaq;fspy; ehk; Kuz;gl;L cs;thjk; Ghpe;jpUf;fpd; Nwhk;. jiyKiw ,ilntsp gpujhd fhuzk;. tpthjq;fspy; Kbtpy;> ‘ePq;fs; vy;yhk; Mq;fpy %yk; gbj;J te;j Ml;fs;. ehd; jkpopNyNa gbj;Jf; jkpop NyNa rpe;jpg;gtd;. mjdhy; rpy fUj;J NtWghLfs; ,Uf;fNt nra;Ak;’ vd;W rkhjhdf; nfhbgpbg;ghH.


fUj;J NtWghLfshy; mtuJ cs;sk; fsq;fg;gLtjpy;iy. mtuJ cs;sk; Rj;jkhd ,yf;fpa cs;sk;. ,yf;fpa cs;sk; fuT tQ;rfk; mw;wJ vd;gjw;F nre;jpehjd; cjhuzk;. ,yf;fpa fHj;- jhf;fSld; md;Gld; gofp mtHfis Cf;Ftpg;gJ mtuJ ,ay;G. me;j ,ay;G vOj;jhsH kj;jpapy; xw;Wikia tsHf;f cjtpaJ. ,yf;fpak; fl;rpfSf; Fk; rhjp rka NtWghLfSf;Fk; mg;ghw; gl;lJ vd;gjidf; nfhs;ifastpy; kl;L kpd;wp eilKiwapy; tho;e;Jfhl;ba tifahYk; epWtpr; nrd;w ngUik nre;jpehjDf;FhpaJ.


Ngrg; Ngr kf;fs; tuj; njhlq;fpdhu;fs;. rdk; tul;Lk; $l;lj;ijj; njhlq;FNthk; vd;W ehk; ,Ue;Njhk;. $l;lk; njhlq;- fl;Lk; NghNthk; vd;W kf;fs; ,Ue;jdu;. xypngUf;fp %yk; $l;lk; njhlq;fptpl; lij mwpe;jJk; kf;fs; Gw;wPry;fs; Nghy; xU rpy epkplq;fSs; te;JNru;e;Jtpl;ldu; nre;jpehjd; Ngr vOe;j nghOJ kz;lgk; Kl;btope;jJ.


nre;jpehjd; rpwe;j Ngr;rhsu;. Kf;fpakh ff; fpuhkpa kf;fSf;F Vw;w tifapy; NgRtjpy; ty;ytu;. ve;jf; fbdkhd nghUisAk; vspikg;gLj;jp tpsq;fg; gLj;Jthu;. cghj;jpahaiug;Nghy cgNj- rpg;ghu;. thiog; goj;ij vLj;Jf; fhl;L thu;. gpd;du; mjd; Njhiy nkJthf cupf;fj; njhlq;Fthu;. cupj;jgb mjd; ngUik NgRthu;. Kbtpy; mjidr; rig Nahu; thapy; itg;ghu;. ,g;gb Xu; Mtiy Cl;Lk; njhlf;fKk; ,Oj;Jg;gpbf;Fk; tpsf;fKk; kd epiwitj; jUk; KbTk; mtuJ Ngr;rpy; ,Uf;Fk;. thnahOf ,urpj;J ,urpj;Jg; NgRthu;. eifr;Rit NahL NfshUk; Nfl;L ,urpf;Fk;gb nra;thu;. ,yf;fpa ,uridiaf; fpuhkj; jtu; kj;jpapy; tsu;j;jtu; nre;jpehjidg; Nghy; NtnwtUkpy;iy.


$l;lq;fs; vJTk; ,y;iynadpy; xd;wpy; mtuJ tPl;by; my;yJ vdJ tPl;by; khiyr; re;jpg;Gfs; elf;Fk;. NjePUld; Ngr;R nky;y nky;y Muk;gkhFk;. gpd; du; RUl;il mtu; gw;witf;fg; Ngr;Rr; #Nlwj; njhlq;Fk;.


NjePUk; RUl;Lk; nre;jpehjid cw;rhfg; gLj;Jk; Nghijg; nghUl;fs;. RUl;Lf;fis mtuJ mUik kidtp ehfk;khNt RUl;bf; nfhLg;ghu;. filfspy; mtu; RUl;Lfs; thq;FtJ FiwT.


cz;ikapy; nre;jpehjdpd; tPNl xU E}y;epiyae;jhd;. E}y;fspw; ngUk;gh- yhdit jw;fhyj; jkpo;g; gilg;Gfs;. E}y; jl;Lfspd; xU gFjp Xl;Lg; Gj;j fq;fs; gytw;iwf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;. gj;jpupiffspy; tUk; jdJ gilg;Gfis Ak; gpw vOj;jhsu; gilg;GfisAk; ntl;b xl;bf; fl;b itg;gJ ,tuJ nghhd;dhd nghOJNghf;F.


jdJ rk;gsj;jpy; khjhkhjk; xU Fwpg; gpl;l njhifia E}y;fisAk; gj;jpup- iffisAk; thq;Ftjw;Fr; nryT nra; tJ mtuJ tof;fk;. mtu; xU rypf;fhj> Xahj thrfu;. ve;j NeuKk; vijahtJ thrpj;Jf;nfhz;Nl ,Ug;ghu;. thrpg;gtu; vd;gjpYk; gbg;gtu; vd;gNj kpfTk; nghUe;Jk;. E}y;fisNah gj;jpupiffspy; tUk; fijfs; fl;LiufisNah guPl; irf;Fg; gbg;gJNghyg; gbg;ghu;> vOj;- njz;zpg; gbg;ghu;. gpbj;Jf;nfhz;lhy; mJgw;wp xU tpku;rdk; vOJthu; my; yJ mLj;JtUk; ,yf;fpaf; $l;lj;jpy; mJgw;wpg; NgRthu;. ‘,urpfkzp’ vd;W 1964 Mk; Mz;by; fpof;F ,yq;if vOj;jhsu; rq;fk; ,tUf;Fg; gl;lk; #l;baJ kpf Tk; nghUj;jkhdnjhd;W.


tpku;rdf; fiyapy;; tpj;jfu; ,urpfkzp nre;jpehjd;. mtuJ tpku;rdq;fs; Kis apNy fps;sptpLk; Nehf;fj;ijf; nfhz; bUg;gjpy;iy> tpj;Jtj;ijf; fhl;Lk; tpsk;guq;fSk; my;y. Cf;Ftpf;Fk; Mf;f Kaw;rpfshf mit mikAk;. rpyuJ tpku;rdq;fspy; cjLfNs NgRk;. ,urpf kzpapd; tpku;rdj;jpy; cs;sk; NgRk;. rpyu; mtu; nrhd;dhu;> ,tu; nrhd;dhu; vd;W gpwiu cjtpf;F ,Og;gu;. ,urpfkzp> ‘,J vd; fUj;J’ vd;W mOj;Jthu;.


jd;dk;gpf;if ,urpfkzpapd; jdpr;nrhj;J> cjhuzj;Jf;F ‘tpjpapd; if’ vd;Dk;


jw;fhy ,yf;fpaj; Jiwapy; vg;nghUs; gw;wpNaDk; ve;Neuj;jpYk; Ngrf;$ba my;yJ vOjf;$ba jd;dpfuw;w xU Nguhrphpauhf tpsq;fpatH nre;jpehjd;. mtuJ vOj;jhw;wy; nrhy;Ye;jukd;W. rpWfijfs;> ehty;fs;> tpkHrdq;fs;> ,uridf; fl;Liufs;> tuyhWfs;> ftp- ijfs;> rpWtH fl;Liufnsd vy;yhtif apYk; jdJ iftz;zj;ijf; fhl;bap- Uf;fpd;whH.


,urpfkzpapd; gilg;Gfs; gy mr;Rthf dk; VwpAs;sd> VwhJ xl;Lg; Gj;jfq;f shfTk; gy Klq;fpf; fple;jd. mtuJ Mf;fq;fs; midj;ijAk; 1976Mk; Mz;L aho; ,yf;fptl;lj;jpd; rhu;gpy; ehd; mt Uf;F vLj;j kzptpohtpd;NghJ ‘G+r;ruk;’ vd;w jiyg;gpy; njhFj;jpUf;fpd;Nwd;. mt uJ gd;Kfg;gl;l vOj;jhw;wiy ,j;njh- Fg;G E}y; ed;F vLj;Jf;fhl;l ty;yJ.


fq;Fy; gfNyh fisg;Gr; rypg;Ngh FLk;gf; flikfNsh


fUjh JaHe;j ,yf;fpaj; njhopNy fjp nfhs; tho;f;ifnad


vq;fs; Njrk; vq;fs; E}y;fs; vq;fs; vOj;jhsH


vd;Nw ngUik mwpah jpUe;j <oj; jkpoHf;Fj;


jq;fg; Ngr;rhy; vOj;jhy; ,urid jiof;f vLj;Njhjpj;


jkpio tsHj;j NguhrphpaH jd;Nd fq;if Nghy vq;Fk; gha;e;J fye;j


hpy;yhj ,urpfkzp


fdf nre;jp ehjd; fiyiaf; flg;ghH ,dpahNuh?


2011


kandavanam.v@thaiveedu.com


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