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- 6 - vq;nfq;F fhzp... 4k; gf;fj; njhlHr;rp...


fisag;gLjy; ,yq;ifapd; ghJfhg;gpy; ,e;jpahtpd; gq;F ,Uj;jy; Mfpa ,U cl;gphpTfspdhy; fl;Lz;l ,e;jpah <og; Nghhpd; kpfg; nghpanjhU ghfj;jpid mikjpg;gil vd;w tbtj;jpy; nra;J Kbj;jpUe;jJ. ,jpy; 8000 Kjy; 11000 tiuahd tpLjiyg;Gypfs; nfhy;yg;gl; bUe;jjhf Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. 80>000 ,e;jpa ,uhZtj;jpdUk; cr;rf;fl;lj;jpy; 1 yl;rk; tiuapyhd gilazpapdUk; gad;gLj;jpajhfr; nrhy;yg;gl;l Nghu; tlf;Ff;fpof;F vq;Fk; gue;Jgl;L epfo;e;j jdhYk; rkhjhdg;gil vd;wjd; mbg; gilapy; epfo;j;jg;gl;ljdhYk; ,Wjp <og; NghH Nghy; Nghhpd; ePjp mePjpfs; md;Wk; ntspf; nfhz;Ltug;gl;bUf;ftpy;iy.


,yq;ifapd; cs;ehl;L Aj;jj;jpy; gad; gLj;jg;gl;l gilapdhpd; njhifiaf; nfhz;L tlf;Fg; gFjpapy; ,uhZtg; guk;giy kjpg;gPL nra;aKbfpwJ. 1983y; nfhz;L tug;gl;l 6tJ jpUj;jr; rl;l %yj;jpd; %yk; vy;yh tifahd gphptp idthjr; rj;jpfisAk; xLf;Fk; Kaw; rpf;Fg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l ,uhZtj;jpd; msthdJ ,yq;ifapy; mjpfhpf;fg;gl;b Ue;jjpdhy; jkpo;g; gFjpfis Nehf;fp mjpy; ngUk; gFjp cs;thq;fg;gl;ld. ,Wjpapy; 2010y; 200>000 mstpy; gila zpapUe;jjhff;; Fwpg;gplg; gl;bUf;fpwJ. nkhj;j cs;ehl;L ntspehl;Lg; gilazp 276>700 NgUk; ,jpy; cs;ehl;by; mtru Njit xJf;fpypUe;j 20 Mapuk; Kjy; 40 Mapuk; tiuapy; gilapdUk; 18>000 Njrpa ghJg;giliaAk; jtpu ,yq;if apy; jd;dHtj; njhz;Lg; gilapdUk; Kf;fpak; ngw;wpUe;jdH. ,yq;if ,uhZ tj;jpy; kpfg; nghpa mstpidf; nfhz;l ,e;j tifapdH fpof;F khfhzr; rpq;fsf; FbapUg;Gf;fisg; ghJfhf;fTk; njhopy; El;g trjpfSf;fhfTk; $lg; gad;gLj;jg; gl;bUe;jdH.


,j;jifa Jizg;gilahdJ 1985d; 40k; ,yf;fr;; rl;lj;jpd; %yk; cUthf;fg; gl;ld. efHfhty; cs;ehl;Lg; ghJfhg;G fhtyuz; ghJfhg;G> Nghd;wtw;wpw;Fk; nra;jpj; njhlHGf;Fk; Vida mtrufhyj; NjitfSf;Fk; gad;gLj;jg;gl;bUe;jJld; Nghf;Ftuj;Jg; ghijfisg; ghJfhf;fTk; mtHfSf;Fg; gapw;rp mspf;fg;gl;lJ.


flTsUf;Fk; Neukpy;iy!


xt;nthU fyhr;rhuj;Jf;Fk; ntt;NtW ek;gpf;iffs; cz;L. 13k; ,yf;fk; vd;why; kpuSNthH gyH. mJTk; nts;spf; fpoik 13k; jpfjp vd;why; rpyUf;Ff; fpyp gpbf;Fk;. ,e;Jf;fs; MbapYk; khHfopapYk; Rg epfo;Tfisj; jtpHg;gH. ,e;j etk;gH khjKk; mg;gb tpyf;fg;gLfpd;wJ rpk;ghg;Nt ehl;by;. etk;ghpy; jpUkzk; nra;jhy; mJ kpf Nkhrkhd tpisT fis Vw;gLj;Jk; vd;W ek;Gfpd;wdH. E}w;whz;Lfshf ,Ue;J tUk; ek;gpf;if ,J. vdNt xf;Nuhghpy; epiwaj; jpUkzq;fs; mq;F.


“ehd; etk;ghpy; jpUkzk; nra;jhy; vd; ngw; NwhUf;F khuilg;Ng te;JtpLk;. jhj;jhTk; ghl;bAk; jpUkzj;jpw;F tuNt khl;lhHfs;” vd;fpwhH xU kzkfs;. “ngUk;ghyhNdhu;


,uz;L Kjy; 4 thuq;fs; tifapyhd gapw;rpapD}lhfr; NrHf;fg;gl;ltHfspy; ,t;tifapdhpd; njhif 1986y; 50>000 vdf; Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUe;jJ. 85>000 NgH nfhz;l nghyp];gilahdJ v];.up.vt; vd;w rpwg;Gg;gilazpapidAk; fyfk; mlf;Fk; gphpT Nghd;w Vida gphpTfis Ak; cs;slf;fpg; Nghu; elj;jf; $ba jhd gilahf khw;wpaikf;fg; gl;ljhy; kf;fs; ghJfhg;G vd;gjidtpl NghH vd;gNj Kf;fpak; ngw;wjhf khwpapUe; jJ. tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; rhy;]; md;udp> n[ae;jd;> fUk;Gypfs; rpwg;Gg;gilazp Nghd;w gilazp cUthf;fj;jpw;F vjpuhf muRk; tpNrl mjpubg; gilazpfis cUthf;fpapUe;jik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ.


fpof;F khfhzj;jpy; jkpou; tpLjiyg; Gypfs; khfhzrigiag; nghWg;Ngw;wik Ak; khtpyhWg; Nghu; ntw;wpAk; nfhLj; jpUe;j tha;g;gpidg; gad;gLj;jpf;nfhz;l murhq;fk; tlf;fpd; kPl;gpy; Mu;tq;nfhz; lJ. ,yq;if ,uhZtj;Jld; te;j my;[rPuh nra;jpj;njhFg;ghsu; xf;Nuhgu; 2008y; Fwpg;gpLifapy; Mdp 2007y;; kl;lf; fsg;G muR trkhf;fg;gl;lJk; gilapdu; njhif ,Uklq;fhf;fg;gl;lnjdTk; fle;j 5tUlj;jpy; 175>000 gilapdu; Nru;f;fg; gl;bUe;jjhfTk; 59>000 Ngu; tlf;Ff;F mDg;gg;gl;bUe;jjhfTk; Fwpg;gpl;bUe;jhu;. NghUf;fhd gilapdhpd; njhif mjpf hpf;fg;gl mjpy; ngUk; gFjp jkpo;g;gFjp fSf;F mDg;gg;gl;bUe;jdH.


1983y; 12>000Mf ,Ue;j gil 85y; 16>000 MfTk; 87y; 40>000 MfTk; 2007y; 120>000 MfTk; gpd; ,J 150>000khff; $b 2008 khrpapy; 200>000f;F NkypUe;jjhf j Iyd;l; gj;jphpif Mjhug;gLj;jpUe;jjhfr; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ.


Mdp khjk; 2k; jpfjp 1988y; ,yq;if xUjiyg;gl;rkhf rkhjhdj;jpypUe;J tpyfpa nghOjpy; 150>000 gilapdUk; 18>000 tpLjiyg;GypfSkpUe;jjhf Fwpg; gplg;gl;bUe;jJ. jkpo;g; gFjpfspy; ,Uf; Fk; ,uhZtj;jpdhpd; gphpTfspy; ahog; ghzj;jpy; 51> 52> 55tJ gphpTfSk; tTdpah kd;dhH cl;gl;l td;dpapy; 56> 61> 21tJ gphpTfSk; jpUNfhzkiyapy; 22tJ gphpTk; kl;lf;fpsg;gpy; 23tJ gphpTk; fpspnehr;rpapy; 57> 66> 68 kw;Wk; 3k; 5k;


jha;tPL


tpNrlgilAk; Ky;iyj;jPtpy; 59> 64 kw; Wk; 2tJ tpNrl gilAk; khq;Fsj;jpy; 53tJ gilAk; gue;jdpy; 1tJ> 58tJ tpNrlgilAk; ,Ug;gjhff; Fwpg;Gf;fs; njuptpf;fpd;wd.


fUzh (Kuspjud;) 2004 gq;Fdp 3y; tpLjiyg;GypfspypUe;J gpupe;j nghOJ fpof;fpy; tpLjiyg;Gypfspd; gyk; 70 tpOf;fhL Fiwe;jjhf gpgprp Fwpg;gpl;lJ. fpof;Fg;Nghupy; 3>000 GypfNs Nghupl Ntz;ba epiyapUe;jJ mjpy; gq;F nfhz;l 28>000 gilapdUk; khtpyhWg; Nghupd;gpd; tlf;Ff;F mDg;gg; gl;ldu; vd;Wk; fUzhTk; 57tJ gilazpiag; gyg;gLj;jpapUe;jjhfTk; nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. 57tJ gilazp kLtpypUe;J JZf;fha; mf;fuhad;> fpspnehr;rp> tl;lf;fr;rp Nghd; wtw;iwf; ifg;gw;wpr; nrd;wJ. ngupakL tpy; 58Mk; gpupTld; Nru;e;j gFjp ,Yg; igf;flit> ehr;rpf;Flh> G+dfup> gue;jd;> ju;kGuk; Clhfg; GJf;fbapUg;G Nehf;fpr; nrd;wJ. 59tJ gpupT ehahW> FKsKid Ky;iyj;jPitf; ifg;gw;wpapUe;jJ.


gilazpfspy;; cs;s gilapdH Jizg; gilapdH njhiff;F Vw;g jkpo;g;gFjpf spy; gilazpg;gug;gy; fzpg;gplg;gLk;.


Nghupd; nghOJ ,uhZtj;jpdJk; tpLjiyg;GypfspdJk; gyk; kjpg;gPL


Mz;L muR Gyp fs;


Mz;L muR Gyp fs;


2001 95>000 6>000 1983 95>000 6>000 2002 118>000 6>000 1985 118>000 6>000 2003 158>000 7>000 1990 158>000 7>000 2004 151>000 7>000 1995 151>000 7>000


Mrpah iuk;]; fzpg;gpd;gb


Mz;L muR Gyp fs;


2006 Mkp 95000


thd;fly; 28000


2006 150>000 8>000( 25>000)*


2008 159>000 8>000 (30>000)*


(Mjhuk;: tPf;fgPbah. ,yq;if cs;ehl;- Lg;Nghu;*Gypfspd; epu;thfpfs; cs;slf;fk;)


,Wjpahf ele;j ehyhtJ <og;Nghupy;


tay;fspYk; tpisepyq;fspYk; tpijg;G> eLifapyPLgl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; fhykhjyhy; jpUkzk; ,k;khjj;jpy; jtpu;f;fg;gl;bUf;fyhk;” vd;Wk; “,e;ehl;fspy; tpisepyq;fisAk; tptrhapfisAk; MrPu;tjpf;fNtz;bapUg;gjhy; ‘flTsUf;Fk; %jhijaupd; MtpfSf;Fk;> jpUkzk; nra;Nthiu tho;j;jp MrPu;tjpf;f Neuk; ,y;yhkypUf;Fk;’ vd vz;zpAk; etk;gu; jpUkzk; jtpu;f;fg;gl;bUf;fyhk;” vd;Wk; rpk;ghg;Nt gy;fiyf;


fofg; Nguhrpupau; xUtu; nrhy;fpwhu;. 2000 100>000 8>000


Mz;L muR Gyp fs;


18000 1996 150>000 8000


• etk;gu;


2011


NghHg;gpd;dzp epyk; kpfTk; ghJfhg;Gg; gpuNjrkhf ,Ug;gjpy; murhq;fk; ftdk; nrYj;jpapUe;jJ. tlfpy; aho;ghzf;Flh ehLk; njw;fpy; kj;jpa tlkj;jpa fpof;F khfhzq;fSk; vy;iyg;gFjpfshf ,Ue; jd ,g;gFjpfspy; ,Ue;J Nghu; njhLj;j gilapdUk; Jizg;gilapdUk; mstpy; nghpa gq;fpidg; ngw;wpUe;jhHfs; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. Nghhpy; gad;gLj;jg;gl;l 55> 53> 57> 58> 59 gilazpfSk; 1 Kjy; Ie;J tiuapyhd rpwg;gzpfSk; ,j;j ifa ghJfhg;Gg; gpd;dzp epiyfspyp Ue;J nfhz;Ltug;gl;ld vd;gJk; Fwpg; gplj;jf;fJ. Kd;ida %d;W NghHfspy; mtjhdpf;fg;gl;lJ Nghyy;yhJ ,g;gil azpfs; ,Ug;ghdnjhU Nghf;fpid cWjpg;gLj;Jtdthf mike;jpUg;gjhy; ,uhZtj;jpdhpd; guk;gypy; ,uhZtf; FbapUg;G Jizg;gilf; FbapUg;G vd; gd jtpHf;f Kbahjjhfp tpLfpd;wd.


,Wjpg; Nghupy; ,uhZtk; tlf;F Nehf;fp efu;j;jg;gl kf;fs; Juj;jg;gl;lhu;fs; vd;w fUj;J> ,uhZtj;Jf;F vjpuhfTk; kf;fs; Nflakhfg; gad;gLj;jg;gl;lhu;fs; vd;W tpLjiyg;GypfSf;nfjpuhfTk; nrhy;yg; gl;bUe;jJ. td;dp> fpof;F khfhzg; Nghu; fspy; tpLjiyg; Gypfs; fue;jb epiyg; Nghud;wp kuG topg; Nghu; elj;jpa nghO jpnyy;yhk; gil efu;Tf;nfjpuhf kf;fs; jg;gpxbNa gof;fg;gl;bUe;jhu;fs;. gyre;- ju;g;gq;fspy; jkpo;g;nghJkf;fs; gopthq; Fk; tpjj;jpy; gilapduhy; nfhy;yg;gl; bUe;jjdhy; GypfSld; nry;tJ ghJ fhg;ghdnjd;w ek;gpf;ifAk; ,Wjpapy; mtu;fs; ntw;wpailthu;fs; vd;w vjpu; ghu;g;Gk; ,Ue;jJ. Nghu;KbTfs; vjpu; ghu;g;Gf;Fg; ghjfkhf mike;jpUe;jd. gpgprp Fwpg;gpLifapy; 2002y; 15>000 rJuf; fpy;Nyh kPw;wu; gug;gsit MSiff;Fs; itj;jpUe;j tpLjiyg;Gypfs; 2009 Nk khjk; 17e;jpfjp 3.4 rJuf;fpNyh kPw;wiuj; jk;trk; itj;jpUe;jhu;fs;.


,yq;if ,uhZtk; Nghupd; nghOJ gpufldg;gLj;jpa nghJkf;fSf;fhd ghJ fhg;G tyaq;fs; tpLjiyg;GypfSila MSifg;gpuNjrj;jpy; mike;jpUe;jjpdhy; cilahu;fl;L> Rje;jpuGuk;> GJf;FbapUg;G gFjpapy; 32 rJuf; fpNyh kPl;lu;> gpd;du; GJkhj;jsd; rhiy tiuahd gFjpapy; 10r.fpkP Mff; Fiwf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. muR tpLjiyg; GypfSf;F xU fbdkhd epiyikapid Vw;gLj;jpapUe;jJ. cz; ikapy; muR jhd; ifg;gw;wpa gpuNjrj; jpy; kf;fs; ghJfhg;G tyaj;ij epu;z apj;jpUe;jhy; tpLjiyg;Gypfis nty; YtJ fbdkhf ,Ue;jpUf;Fk; mj;Jld; jkpou; ,wg;Gk; 40>000f;Ff; Fiwthf ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;.


jkpoH gilg;gphpT xd;W cUthf;Fk; ,yq;ifapd; Kaw;rp ntw;wpngWkhdhy;; mJ tlf;Ff; fpof;Fg; gFjpapd; ghJ fhg;Gf;Fg; nghWg;ghf tpUf;Fk; vd;w fUj;J Kd;itf;fg;gLfpwJ. ,e;jpa ,uh Ztj;jpd; rpf;fpa> kjuh]; gilazpfs; Nghy; vy;yh ,dj;jpdUk; gq;FngWk; jkpo;j; jiyikiaf;nfhz;l jkpoH gil azp jkpoHfspd; ,uhZt gaj;ij ePf;fg; gad;gLj;jg;gLkh vd;w tpdh vo Ntz;ba fhyg;gFjpahf ,J cs;sJ.


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