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- 4 -


jha;tPL


• etk;gu; vq;nfq;F fhzpDk; Mkpalh


tlf;fpy; fpwp];g+jk; nfhLj;jpUe;j mtyf; Fuy; ghuhSkd;wj;jpy; vjpnuhypj;jJ. vjpHf;fl;rpf; jiytH uzpy; tpf;fpukrpq;fh mq;F Nfs;tp vOg;Gk; nghOJ 50 Mapuk; NgH nfhz;l gilazp nraw;gLk; aho;g;gh zj;jpy; Vd; rl;lk; xOq;F rPHFiye;jp- Ue;jJ vd;w fUj;ijf; fpwp];g+jk; njhlH ghd rHr;irapd; kj;jpapy; Nfl;bUe;jhH. RkhH 6 yl;rk; rdj;njhif nfhz;l Flhehl;bd; 12 NgUf;F xUtH vd;w epiyapy; gilapdhpd; ,Ug;G ,Uf;Fk; nghOjpy; vt;tpjk; ,j;jifa jhf;Fjy;fs; rhj;jpakhFk; vd;gJ nghJthd Nfs;tp. mur jug;G Flhehl;by; 27>000 Ngiuf; nfhz;l gilazpapUg;gjhfr; nrhy;ypf; nfhz;lhYk; mJ$l xU nghpa njhif jhd;.


khtl;lk;


tlkhfhzj;jpy; guk;gy; xU kjpg;gPL rdj;


gug;G rfpkP


aho;g;ghzk; 1030 fpspnehr;rp


1279


Ky;iyj;jPT 2617 tTdpah 1967 kd;dhu;


1996 njhif


,uhZ tk;


6>00000 50000 196000 220311 183046 103688


75000


gFjpapy; ,Uf;Fk; ,isQH kPJ ftdk; jpUg;gg;gl;bUf;fpwJ vd;gJk; ntspf; nfhz;Ltug;gl;l tplaq;fs;jhd;. nghJ thf ,j;jifa re;jHg;gq;fspy; tp\kpf spd; Ntiynad gilazpfs; gopapid NtWgf;fkhfj; jpUg;gptpLtjidf; fhz KbfpwJ. epiyikfs; khw;wkilfpd;w nghOJ Vd; ,e;jg;g+jk; ntspNa te;jJ vd;gJ$l ntspapw; njhpag;Nghtjpy;iy. ,t;tsT ghJfhg;gpd; kj;jpapYk; ,g;gb nahU epiyikah vd;w tpdhTf;Fk; jkpoH ghJfhg;Gg; gw;wpa mr;rj;Jf;Fk; njhlHG Vw;gLj;jg;gLfpwJ.


tpfpjh rhuk; 12


10


,yq;ifapy; 65y; xU epyg;gug;gpy; gj;jp nyhU gq;Fgilazpfs; epiy nfhz;b Ug;gjhfTk; MW gilazpfs; tlf;fpyp Ug;gjhfTk; nra;jp ntspaplg;gl;bUe;jJ. ,it jtpu 4 gilj; jiyikafq;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. aho;g;ghzk;> fpspnehr;rp Ky;iyj;jPT> td;dp vd;gd Kf;fpa gilj; jsq;fshFk;. ,yq;ifapd; nkhj;jk; 6 gilazpfspy; 4 gilapzpfs; tlf;fpy; ,Uf;fpd;wd. mNj Nghy; 4 rjtPj kf;f isf; fz;fhzpf;f 9 rjtPjg;gilapdH gad;gLj;jg;gl;bUe;jdH. 21 btprd;fspy; 51 Kjy; 68 tiuapyhd 17btprd;rfs; tlf;fpypUf;fpd;wd vd;w nra;jp fl;Liu fs; Kyk; ntspte;jpUe;jd.


Iydl; gj;jpupifapd; gb td;dp Nghu; Kidapy; 150>000 ,uhDtj;jpdu; ,Ue; jjhff; nfhz;lhy;; 57> 58> 59 gpupTfs; jyh 50>000Ngiuf; nfhz;lnjd Cfpf;f KbfpwJ ,e;epiyapy; td;dpapy; Rkhu; Ie;J NgUf;F xU gilnad Cfpf;fg; gLfpwJ.


fpwp];g+jq;fs; ,uhZtk; cyTk; gFjp fis mz;bNa cytptUtJk; ,jd; tpisthf kf;fs; ,uz;Lf;Fk; gag;gLk; gb Mfptpl;l epiyAk; njhlUfpwJ. ,uh Ztk; fpwp];g+jkh my;yJ ,uhZtj;ij mz;bg;gpiog;gtHfs; fpwp];g+jkh my;yJ jq;ff;nfhs;isf;fhuu;fsh my;yJ ,uz;L gFjpapdiuAk; Fsg;gptplntd cUthf; fg;gl;ltHfsh vd;w Nfs;tpfisAk; md;W fhz Kbe;jJ.


ngz;fis ikakhf itj;J nraw;gLg tHfs; ,q;F xU fyhrhug; Gul;rpiaNah ,isQH vjpHg;gpaf;fq;fisNah vjpH ghHj;jhHfs; vd;gJk; mjd; %yk; tl


,yq;ifapd; cs;ehl;Lg; NghH 1983 Mz;L a+iy khjk; 23k; jpfjpapypUe;J 2009k; Mz;L Nk khjk; 19k; jpfjptiu apUe;jjhf vLj;Jf;fhl;lg;gLfpwJ. ,f; fhyg;gFjpapy; ehd;F <og;NghHfs; epfo;e; jd vd;gJ nrhy;yg;gLfpwJ. NghH vd; why; NghH vd;W N[ Mu; n[atu;jdh thy; njhlq;fg;gl;l NghuhdJ 1985 jpk;G> 2002 Gupe;Jzu;T Nghd;w gy Kf;fpa NghH epWj;jf; fhyg;gFjpfisAk; cs;s lf;fpapUe;jJ. NghH epWj;jf; fhyg;gFjp rkhjhdg; Ngr;RthHj;ijfSf;fhd fhyk; vdr; nrhy;yg;gl;lhYk; Nghhpd; tpUg;gj; Jf;Fk;> fpsHr;rpfis mlf;Fk; tpUg;gj; Jf;Fk; vjpuhfr; rkhjhd Kd;ndLg;Gf; fshw; jhf;Fg;gpbf;f Kbatpy;iy.


NghH njhlf;fg;gl;l fhyg;gFjpfspy; Vw; fdNt ,Ue;j ,uhZt Kfhk;fs; gyg; gLj;jg;gl;ld. Gjpjhf ,uhZt Kfhk;fs; mikf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. Gjpa ghJfhg;guz; fs; Kisj;njOe;jd. ,jdhy; jkpo;g; gFjpfspy; ,uhZtj;jpd; njhif gbg; gbahf mjpfhpf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ.


1971 Kjy; Vw;gl;l ,lJrhhpfspd; fpsHr; rpfSf; nfjpuhfTk; njhlUk; ,df;fy tuq;fSf; nfjpuhfTk; Gjpa gilg;gphpT fSk; Njitg;gl;ld. mj;Jld; NrFNtuh Gul;rpf; fhyg;gFjpfspy; may;ehlhd ,e;jpahtpypUe;J gilazpfs; ngwg;gl;L ,yq;ifapy; [dehafk; Ngzg;gl;ljh fTk; ,JNt gpd;du; 1987k; Mz;L fhyj; jpd; ,yq;if ,e;jpa xg;ge;jj;Jf;F mbg; gilahf mike;jjhfTk; $wg;gLfpwJ.


- m. fzgjpg;gps;is -


Njitg;gl;ldu;. gaq;futhjj;ij xLf;F tjw;fhfntd;W xUGwKk; [dehafj;ij cWjp nra;tjw;fhfntd kWGwKk; rHtNjr ehLfs; gyTk; cjtpf;fuq;fs; ePl;bd. ,jpy; NghuhAjq;fs; gzTjtp fs; vd;gd te;JFtpaj; njhlq;fpd.


1987 a+d; khjj;jpy; 4000 JUg;Gf;fSld;


2011


tq;fpf; nfhs;isfs;> mur epWtdq;fs; ,af;fq;fshw; jhf;fg;gl;lik njhlHghf ehL KOtjpYk; ghJfhg;Gg;gilazpapd; Njit $bf; nfhz;Nl Nghapw;W. ,jidj; jtpu jkpou; gFjpf;Fs; cUthf;fg;gl;l rpq;fs vy;iyf;fpuhkq;fisAk;> gaq;fu thjr; rl;ltpjpfs;> mtru fhyr;rl;l tpjpfs; Nghd;wtw;iwAk; eilKiwg; gLj;Jtjw;Fk; Nkyjpfkhd gilapdH


tlkuhl;rpapy; NghH njhlq;fg;gl;bUe;j nghOJ espd; nrdptuj;jpdh> nld;rpy; nfhNgfLt. Nfhj;jgha ,uh[gr;r Nghd;w caujpfhhpfspd; JizAld; Nghiu KbTf;Ff; nfhz;Ltu muR Kad;wJ ,jpy; 8000 gilapdH Nghiu ntd;Wtpl;l epiyapy; KjyhtJ NghHf;Fw;wq;fs; kdpj chpik kPwy;fs; ,lk; ngw;wpUe;jd. md;W mit 1971y; ele;jJ Nghd;W %bkiwf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. ,e;jpaj; jiy aPL fhuzkhf KjyhtJ <og;Nghu; epWj;jg;gl;bUe;jhYk; 631 ,isQHfs; nfhy;yg;gl;bUe;jhHfs;. ,e;jpahtpd; g+khiy eltbf;if [Pd; khjk; 4e;jpfjp 87k; Mz;L Nghhpdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;l kf;f isf; fhg;ghw;Wtjw;fhf Kd;ndLf;fg; gl;lJ. ,e;j eltbf;if Nghiu epWj; Jtjw;F cjtpapUe;jhYk; mLj;jLj;j NghHfSf;Fg; Nghlg;gl;l mj;jpthukhfTk; mjpy; ,yq;if murhq;fj;jpd; ,uh[je; jpuk; jkpo; murpay; muiztplg; gykh- dnjdTk; ep&gpf;fg;gl;Ltpl;lJ.


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,e;jpag; gilapd; tUiff;F vjpuhfj; njw;fpy; cjakhd vjpHf;fl;rpfshd kf; fs; If;fpa Kd;dzp =yq;fh Rje;jpuf; fl;rp vd;gdtw;wpd; tHf;f hPjpahd Nghuhl;l Kd;ndLg;Gf;fisr; rkhspf;fTk; tlf;fpy; tsUk; njd;,e;jpa cjtpAld; $ba ,isQH Nghuhl;lq;fis xLf;fTk; ,yq;if ,e;jpa xg;ge;jj;jpd; Njitap id ,yq;if muR czHe;jpUe;jJ. tlf;Ff;fpof;fpy; Vw;fdNt ,Ue;j gil azpfisj; njd;gFjpfSf;F khw;wTk; mjw;Fg; gjpyPlhf ,e;jpag;gilfis tlf;Ff; fpof;Fg; gFjpfspy; ,Ug;ghf; fTk; Nkw;nfhz;l Kaw;rpapy; ,e;jpa ,yq;if xg;ge;jj;jpd; cl;gphpTfs; cjtp apUe;jd. jkpo; ,isQHfspd; MAjk;


njhlu;jy; 6k; gf;fk;


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jha;tPl;bw;fhf fUj;Njhtpak; rpt.khKdp - 2011


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