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jha;tPL


• etk;gu; 2011 mofpa g+Q;nrbfs; ntl;rp (,l;ypg;G+) (Ixora)


mwpKfk;: ntl;rp(,l;ypg;G+ - Ixora)> FLk;gk; (Rubiaceae) &gpNarpNaiar; Nru;e;jJ. ,r;nrbahdJ gRikahd ,iyfisAk; nfhj;Jf; nfhj; jhd G+f;fisAk; Nru;j;jpUg;gJ tPl;Lj; Njhl;lj;jpw;F kpfTk; moiff; nfhLf;fpd; wJ. ,jdhNyNa ,f;FLk;gj;jpy; Vwf; Fiwa 500 rpw;wpdq;fs; ntt;NtW epwq; fspy; tpUj;jpahf;fg;gl;L tsu;f;fg;;gL- fpd;wd. ,r;nrbahdJ cynfq;fpYk; madkz;ly ehLfspy; Njhd;wpdhYk; Fwpg;ghf cadkz;lyq;fshd Mrpa ehLfspy; mJTk; ,e;jpahtpYk; ,yq;if apYk; tPl;Lj;Njhl;lq;fspy; mofpa G+f; fSf;fhf gapuplg;;gLfpd;wd. mnkupf;f Njrj;jpy; Fwpg;ghf GNshwplh> kahkp Nghd;w ,lq;fspy; gutyhff; fhzg;gL fpd;wd. ,tw;iw Nkw;F ,e;jpa ky;ypif (fhl;Lj;jP> tdg;gpuNjr el;rj;jpuk;) vd; ghu;fs;. nkf;rpf;Nfh> aNkf;fh> fpA+gh> gfkh]; Nghd;w ehLfspy; tPl;Lj; Njhl; lq;fspYk; G+q;fhf;fspYk; tsu;f;fg;gL fpd;wd.


rpwg;gpay;Gfs;: nrbfs; madkz;lyj;jpy; tsu;gitahf ,Ue;jhYk; Fspu; gpuNjrq;fspy; cs; thapyhf rhbfspYk; fz;zhbahyhd miwfspYk; #upanthsp fpilf;ff;$ba ,lq;fspy; itj;J tsu;f;fyhk;. gpugy;- akhd Njhl;lg;gpupau; ntt;NtW epwq;f shd nts;is> kQ;rs;> nrk;kQ;rs;> ePyk;> rptg;G Nghd;w epwg;G+f;fisAila nrb- fis tpUj;jp nra;J kfpo;r;rpAWtu;. gy tpj Fs;skhd fyg;G ,dq;fSk; ,Uf; fpd;wd. nrbfs; mlu;j;jpahd fpisfis tpl;L vg;nghOJk; gr;irepwkhd ,iy fis itj;jpUg;gjhy; nghJthf vy;yh tPLfspYk; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. ,it nghJ thf c\;zkz;lyq;fspy; mlu;j;jpahd Gjw;nrbfshf fhzg;gLfpd;wd. nrbah


tPl;Lj; Njhl;lk; - 45


dJ ngupa nfhj;Jf;fspy; rpwpa G+f;fisf; nfhz;L tUlk; KOtjpYk; G+f;fisj; je;J moFgLj;Jfpd;wd. kNyrpahtpy; tUlKOtjpYk; kQ;rs; epwg;G+f;fisj; jUk; nrbfs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. kQ;rs; epwg; G+f;fs; jUk; ,dq;fspy; Ixora chinensis (Singapore yellow) xd;whFk;> Ixora coccinea (Dwarf red) jw;NghJ gpugy;ypakhf Nru;f; fg;gl;Ls;sJ. G+f;fs; kl;lr;rpfup (corymb) tifahf fpis Edpfspy; nfhj;Jf;fshf


fspd; ntl;Lj; Jz;LfshYk; cz;lhf; fg;gLk;. ,sNtdPuf; fhyj;jpy; ntl;Lj; Jz;Lfis vLj;J Kjypy; rhbfspy; Cd;wNtz;Lk;. ,j;jz;Lfspy; Ntu;fs; itg;gJ kpfTk; fbdk;. Ntu;fs; Njhd;W tjw;F J}z;;L Rug;G cgNahfpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mbkz; gFjpapy; Rkhuhd ntg;gk; ,Ug;gJ ntw;wpfukhd tpUj;jpia Vw;g Lj;j top mikf;Fk;. njhlu;e;J tsu;t jw;F XusT <uypg;G mtrpak;. Mdhy;; ePu; msNthL kl;Lk; fpilf;f Ntz;Lk;. kz; mkpyj;jd;ikahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. <uypg;ghd gPw;nkh]; Njit. ,sNtdPu;


nry;iyah re;jpuNrfup


fj;jupj;jy; mtrpak;. G+f;fspy; Njd; vLg; gjw;Fk; kfue;jr; Nru;f;if eilngWt jw;Fk; tz;Lfs;> tz;zg;G+r;rpfs; nrb- fis ehLfpd;wd. uPq;fhug; gwitfs; G+f;fis tpUk;gpr; NrUfpd;wd.


gad;fs;: G+f;fs; rkatopghLfspy; cgNahfpf;fg; gLk;. ngUkstpy; ,e;jpau;fs; kUj;Jt uPjpapy; ,jd; gFjpfshd Ntu;fs;> ,iy fs;> G+f;fs; vd;gd Njhy; njhlu;ghd Neha;> tapw;Nwhl;lk;> fhak;> Flw;Gz; Nghd;wtw;iwf; Fzg;gLj;j gad;gLj;jp te;jdu;. nrbapy; fhzg;gLk; xU tpj mkpyj;jd;ik hyaduronic acid, niacin Nghd;wit ngz;ZWg;gpd; RWRWg;Gj; jd;ikia $l;Ltjhf Mjp fhyj;jpy; $wg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. ,g;nghUs; NrUk;NghJ ,jw;F xUtpj khw;wKk; Vw;glhky; gpw nghUSf;F kl;LNk khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;jp czu;r;rpia J}z;LfpwJ. ngz;ZWg;gpd; tul;rpiaf; fl;Lg;gLj;jpAk; fytpaypy; ,d;gj;ijAk; Cl;Ltjhf gytpj itj; jpar; rhd;Wfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.


fhzg;gLk;. ePstisaTUthd ,iyfs; rPuhd tpopk;GfisAilait. jz;Lfspy; vjpu; vjpuhfNth my;yJ Rw;whfNth fhzg;gLk;. rpy nrbfs; rhjhuzkhf ntg;gj;ij jhq;ff;$bajhdit. nrbfs; tpj;Jf;fs; %yk; rhjhuzkhf tpUj;;jp nra;ag;gLk;. rpy ngUk; ,dq;fs; jz;L


fhyq;fspy;> khjk; ,U jlit gbg;gb- ahf <u;f;Fk; grisj;J}s;fis cgNah fpf;fyhk;. cgmad kz;lyq;fspy; Fwpg; ghf ,e;jpah ,yq;if kNyrpah Nghd;w ehLfspy; ,f;Nrhuh nfhf;fpdp ,dq;fs; (Ixora coccinea) nghJthf fiuNahuj; njhlupizg;Gfshf tsu;g;gij mtjh- dpf;fyhk;. nrbfis Ntz;ba Neuq;fspy;


rpy nghJthd ,dq;fs;: Ixora coccinea. I.chinensis, I.macrothrsa, I.cauliflora, I.Singapore, I.Florida, I.Nova grant


sekari.s@thaiveedu.com Family Arecaceae NguPr;ir kuk; /Phoenix) (Botanical Name : Phoenix dactylifera : Eng.Name : the date palm)


NguPe;Jkuk; kpfTk; ,dpg;ghd goq;fisj; jUtjhy; tpahghuuPjpapy; ngUkstpy; tpUj;jp nra;ag;gLfpd;wd. Ngu;rpahFlh Xuq;fspy; Muk;g tpUj;jp Nkw;nfhz;l NghjpYk; gbg;gbahfg; gpd;du>; Vida ghytdg; gpuNjrq;fspYk; gutyhapd. 10-25kP cauq;fspy; jdpj;Jtkhd Ntu;j;njhFjpapypUe;J epiyahd jdpj;jz;LfshfNth my;yJ rpyjz;Lfs; Nru;e;J Neuhf tsu;e;Jk; fhzg;gLk;. ,iiyfs; 3-5kP ePskhf> eL euk;gpypUe;J Kl;fs; Nghd;w ,iyj;Jspu;fisf; nfhz;L fhl;rpaspf;Fk;. ,e;epiyapy; kukhdJ rpwFfisAila Filaikg;ig vLj;Jf;fhl;Lfpd;wJ. ,iyfspd; mbkly;fs; jz;NlhL nfl;bahf ,ize;J ,Ug;gjhy; itukhd mikg;ig kuk; vLj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;wJ. goikahd ,iyfs; ntl;lg;gLfpd;wd. mbapiyklYiwfs; ghJfhg;ghd ciwfshf kuj;jpw;J MjuT nfhLf;fpd;wd. nghUshjhu uPjpapy; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jjhf ,Ue;jhYk; ,k;kuk; kpfTk; goikahd mWtilnra; kukhff; fhzgl;;lJ. cw;gf;jahd fhyk; Vwf;Fiwa 5000 Mz;LfSf;F Kd;djhf ,Uf;Fnkd fzpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. NguPe;JkukhdJ Vfpg;jpa fyhr;rhuj;jpy; vy;NyhiuAk; tskhf;Fk; xd;whf ,Ug;gjhy; xU milahsr; rpd;dkhff; fUjp fpNuf;f> Nuhk ehzaq;fspYk; Kf;fpakhd epidTNtisfspYk; Qhgf%l;Lthu;fs;. fpUj;Jt tof;fq;fspy; ,iyfis rkhjhdj;jpd; Kj;jpiur; rpd;dkhff; fUjp te;jdu;;. Fwpg;ghf> ,NaR [&ryk; EisAk;Ntis ngUksT epidT $wg;gl;bUg;gJ njupatUfpd;wJ


kukhdJ Kjpu;r;rpaila Vwf;Fiwa 4-8 Mz;Lfs; vLf;Fk;. 80-128fp.fpwhk; (175-265,wh) NguPr;rk;goq;fs; xU mWtilapy; fpilf;fpd;wd. <upy;yKs;s kuk;. G+f;fs; Vfypq;fj;Jf;Fupait ntt;Ntwhf Mz;> ngz; kuq;fs.; kfue;jr;Nru;f;if fhw;wpdhy; eilngWfpd;wJ. goq;fs; ngUe;njhifapy; cz;lhFk;. goq;fs; Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jit. ngUksT ,dpg;Gj;jd;ik tha;e;jpUg;gJ mbg;gilahd czthf tlMgpupf;f> mNugpa> Ngu;rpad; kf;fSf;F mike;J te;jJ. gokpd;ik> eweWj;jd;ik> gOj;j> nta;apypy; fha;e;j> ehd;F gUtq;fspy; gokhdJ KJikailfpd;wJ. goj;jpdJ Ngh~hf;Fj; jd;ikiag; ghu;f;Fk;NghJ> Rj;jkhd 100 fpwh.( 3.5 mT.) NguPr;rk; goj;jpy;: 75 g khr;rj;J> rPdp 3g> nfhOg;G .4g> nghw; 2..5g, ePu;> 21g, tpw;.rP .4mg, khq;..26mg Nru;e;J 230 fNyhup rj;J fhzg;gLfpd;wJ. vdNtjhd; NguPr;rk; goj;NjhL japu; my;yJ ghy; Nruj;J K];ypk;kf;fs; wkjhd; gz;bifapd; #upa m];jkdj;jpd;NghJ ghuk;gupa Kjy; czthf mUe;Jtu;.


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