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jha;tPL


• etk;gu; 2011 clYk; cs;sKk; eye;jhdh? grpAk; - jhfKk;


czT KiwahdJ xU kdpjDf;F xOq;FgLj;jg;gl;lhy; cly; fopTfs; Njq;FtjpypUe;J tpLjiy ngw;W fyq; fspy; fopTfspd;wp G+uz MNuhf;fpak; ngw topgpwf;Fk;. ekJ clyhdJ jd; grpapidAk; jhfj;jpidAk; czHTfs; %yk; njhpag;gLj;JfpwJ. mjw;F ehk; Jiz epd;why; cly; ekf;Fj; Jiz nra;Ak;.


ePq;fs; cz;Zk; cztpid ed;whf nkd;W miuj;J vg;gb cz;zNtz;Lk; vd;gij fle;j fl;Liufspy; tpsf;fpap Ue;Njd;. cz;Zk; cztpw;F Vw;g ,iug;igapy; mkpy cw;gj;jp ,Uf;Fk;. nghJthf Ma;T $lq;fspy; mkpyj;jpd; nrwptpidf; Fiwf;f vd;d nra;fpNwhk;? mjpy; jz;zPiuf; fyf;fpNwhk;. mNjNghy; ehk; cz;Zk; NghJ jz;zpiuAk; Fbj; jhy; me;j mkpyj;jpd; nrwpT FiwAk;> czT KOikahfr; rPuzpf;f KbahJ.


cztpid ed;whf nkd;W miuj;J cz;Zk;NghJ thapy; epiwa ckpo;ePH Rue;J ed;whf czTld; fyf;fpwJ mjdhy; cq;fSf;F jhfk; tuhJ rhg;- gpl;L rpwpJ Neuk; fopj;J jhdhf cq;f Sf;F jhfk; vLf;Fk; mg;NghJ NghJ khd msT jz;zPH Fbf;fyhk;. grpaw;w epiyapy; cz;gJ> msTf;F mjpfkhf cz;gJ> thapy; itj;J miuf;fhky; mg;gbNa tpOq;FtJ> jhfkpd;wpj; jz;zPiu rhg;gpLk; NghJ Fbg;gJ> rhg; gpl;lgpd;G tapWKl;l jz;zPH Fbg;gJ Nghd;w gof;f tof;fq;fspdhy; cliy ehshe;jk; tUj;jpf; nfhz;bUg;gjhy; jhd; kdpjHfs; vg;NghJk; tUj;jkhf ,Uf;- fpwhHfs;.


NkYk; jhf czHT cz;lhFk; NghJ jz;zPiuj; jtpu nraw;ifahd FspH ghdq;fis Fbg;gJ Mgj;jhdJ> ,it NkYk; ek; jhfj;ij J}z;Lk; jd;ikf isf; nfhz;lJ. ,aw;ifahd gor;rhW fs; mg;gbay;y. jz;zPhpy; gy khjpupf Sz;L. rhjhuz jz;zPH> fha;r;rpa jz; zPH> tbfl;lg;gl;l jz;zPH> FNshhpd; %yk; Rj;jpfhpf;fg;gl;l jz;zPH> kpduy; thl;lH. ,g;gbg; gytifAz;L. kpduy; thl;liuAk; rhjhuz jz;zpiuAk;> FNshhpd; %yk; Rj;jpfhpf;fgl;l jz;zP iuAk;> fha;rpa Mwitf;fg;gl;l jz;zP iuAk; ntt;NtW nrbfSf;F Cw;wp tsHj;J ePq;fNs Muha;r;rp nra;J ghUq; fs;. vJ ey;y jz;zPH> capNuhl;lKs;s jz;zPH vd;W Ghpe;J nfhs;tPHfs;.


,q;F rhjhuz fpzw;Wj; jz;zPiug; ngWtJ KbahJ vd;gjhy; Foha;fspy; tUk; jz;zPiu xU ey;y tbfl;b (Filter) %yk; Rj;jg;gLj;jp Fbj;jhNy NghJkhdJ. kpduy; thl;lH> Nghj;jy; jz;zPH vd;gnjy;yhk; ntWk; Nghypj; jdk;> tpahghu cj;jp Nghj;jy; jz;zPhpd; fz;zPH Kfk; xU Gwk;. mjdhYz;lh Fk; tpsTfs; ,g;NghJjhd; rw;W frpaj; njhlq;fpapUf;fpwJ. Nghfg; Nghfj;jhd; njhpAk;.


njhlu; - 10


Xa;tw;w ciog;G> grpaw;w czT> jhf- kpy;yhj jz;zPH> msTf;FkPwpa czT Nghd;w gof;f tof;fq;fshy; clypy; fyq;fspy; fopTfis Njf;f mDkjpj;J tpl;Nlhk;. cly; rpy Ntisfspy; jd; idj;jhNd Rj;jpfhpj;Jf; nfhs;s Kid fpwJ. Njf;f Kw;w fopTfshy; clypy; fpUkpfs; gy;fpg;ngUf;fj; njhlq;Fk;. ,it nay;yhk; NrHe;J Nehahfkhwp clypy; fopT ntspNaw;wk; eilngWfpwJ. ‘gy Neha;fs; vd;git ntWk; fopT ntsp Naw;wNk jhd;’. mtw;iwAk; ehk; tpLt jhf ,y;iy. ,urhad kUj;Jfis vLj;J


tjpy; jtwpy;iy. mg;gbr; nra;tjhy; clYWg;GfSf;Fk; Xa;T> fopTfSk; ,yFtpy; ntspNawj; njhlq;Fk;. mg;gb ,Uf;Fk; NghJ KOikahd Xa;T mtrp akhFk;.


fhiy Kjy; ,uT tiu ehk; md;whlk; cl;nfhs;Sk; czTfspy; ngUk;ghYk; mkpyj;jd;ik (Acid) mjpfk; cs;sit fshff; fhzg;gLfpwJ. fhuk; (Alkaline) cs;sit FiwTjhd;. (ciwg;gpYs;s fhuj;ij ehd; ,q;F Fwpg;gpltpy;iy. ,jw;F Ke;ija fl;Liufspy; ,jidg; gw;wp tphpthfg; ghHj;Njhk;) ,dpg;Gk; Gspg; Gk; cs;s czTfs; jhd; mjpfkhf cl;nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ. czTfspy; mkpyj; jd;ik $b ePz;l fhyj;Njf;fk; Vw;gl;


Nghy; NahNrg; N`hkpNah kUj;Jt epGzu;


,J KbahjtHfs;> xU ehisf;F xU Ntis czit epWj;jp> go czTfs; my;yJ kuf;fwpfis Ntfitj;J my; yJ kuf;fwpr; rhWfs; Nghd;wit vd;W jpdKk; tof;fj;jpy; nfhz;Ltuyhk;. ePu;r; rj;Js;s goq;fs;> fha;fwpfs; clYf;F kpfTk; ey;yJ.


,e;j tpujq;fisg;gw;wp nrhy;Yk;NghJ ,d;DnkhU Kf;fpakhd tplaj;ijf; ftdpf;fNtz;Lk;. rpyH jpdKk; my;yJ thuj;jpy; rpy ehl;fs; VNjh xU fhuzj; ijr; nrhy;yp mbf;fb tpujq;fs; gpbg; gJ cly; eyj;jpw;F jPq;F tpistpf; Fk;. ,jpy; nfhQ;rk; tpopg;GzHNthL nraw;gLjy; mtrpak;.


Nehiaf; Fzg;gLj;Jtjhf vz;zp cl ypd; ,aw;ifahd ,af;fj;ijAk; mjd; MNuhf;fpaj;ijAk; NkYk; NkYk; nfLj;J tpLfpd;Nwhk;.


gyH vz;ZfpwhHfs; fopT ntspNaw;wk; vd;gJ kyk;> rpWePH> tpaHit Nghd;w itjhd; vd;W> cz;ikapy; NehAk; xU tpj fopT ntspNaw;wk; jhd;. mJjhd; cly; nkhopahf Fzq;Fwpfshf ntspj; Njhd;WfpwJ. nghJthf kUj;Jtk; kw; Wk; rpfpr;irKiwfs; clypd; MNuhf;fp aj;ij rPHnfLf;fhky; fopTfis ntsp Naw;WjYf;F J}z;LNfhyhf mikjy; Ntz;Lk;. fopTfis clYf;Fs; mKf;fp itf;Fk; Ntiyiaj; jhd; ,urhad kUj;Jfs; nra;fpd;wd. mJ kl;Lky;y me;j kUe;Jfspd; ,urhazk; clypy; NkYk; jq;fp ghhpa tpisTfis cz; lhf;fyhk;. xt;nthU kUe;JfspYk; cs;s ,urhazq;fspd; gf;f tpisTfisg;gw;wp me;je;j kUe;Jfspd; jfty; Fwpg;Gfsp NyNa Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. mjd; ed;ik fistplj; jPikfspd; gl;bay; kpfg; nghpJjhd;.


,d;ndhd;W ‘yq;fzk; guk xsljk;’ vd;gJ xU nghd;nkhop> gl;bdpNa rpwe;j kUj;Jtk;. Mk; rpy Neuq;fspy; rpy tpahjpfspy; cjhuzkhf fha;r;ry; ,U ky;> tapw;Wtyp> Nghd;w Fzq;Fwpfs; cs;s Ntisapy; grp vLf;fhJ. me;j Neuq;fspy; XhpU ehl;fs; jput czT fs; kl;Lk; mUe;jp cliyg; gl;bdp NghL


Ls;s mkpyj;jd;ikAs;s cly; ve;j tifahd RitAs;s cztpid cl; nfhz;lhYk; mkpykhf khw;wptpLk;. cz Tfspy; fhuj;jd;ik (Alkaline) mjpfhpg;g NjhL ,aw;ifapNy fhuj;jd;ikia $l;Lk; ,ay;Gfspy; %yk; ehk; clypy; mkpy-fhu rkepiyapid Vw;gLj;jyhk;.


cjhuzkhf grpaw;w ke;jkhd tapW – mkpyj;jd;ik cilajhFk;> khwhf grpAzHNthLs;s tapW – fhuj;jd;ik nfhz;lJ. Mk; clypd; czTj; Njit ia ekf;F mwptpg;gJ grpAzHT> grp Vw;gl;lgpd;G czT cl;nfhz;lhy; mJ clYf;F Vw;w tifapy; fhuj;jd;ik nfhz;ljhf khw;wg;gLfpwJ. NehAw;w fhyq;fspy; grpAzHtw;W nghWj;jpUg;gJ ey;yJ. mjhtJ ntWk; tapw;NwhL xU rpy ehl;fs; ,Uf;fyhk;. mjhtJ jpz;k czTfis kl;Lk; jtpHj;jy; ey;yJ. mjpYk; Fwpg;ghf jz;zPH kl;Lk; mUe; jpdhy; clypy; fhuj;jd;ik mjpfkhfp clYf;F ed;ik gaf;Fk;. ,e;j %d;W tifahd tpujq;fspy; vijNtz;Lkh- dhYk; mtutH cly; thFf;F vw;w tifapy; filg;gpbf;fyhk;.





KOtpujk; (ntWk; tapW) – XhpU ehl;fs; kl;Lk;.





ePHtpujk; (jz;zPH kl;Lk;) – %d;W ehl;fs; kl;Lk;.





gotpujk; (goq;fs; kl;Lk;) – rpyehl; fs; kl;Lk;.


ek;Kila NtiyfSf;Fk;> ciog;gpw; Fk; Vw;g czTfis NjHT nra;jy; mtrpakhFk;. grpia czHjy; vd;gJ xU jpahdkhFk;. clypd; czHTfis ,jd; %yk; mwpaKbAk;. kdjpd; ,ay; GfisAk; njspthfg;Ghpe;J nfhs;syhk;. jpahdk; vd;gJ ntWk; fz;fis %bf; nfhz;L jdpikapy; mkHe;jpUg;gjy;y. ekJ clypd; nkhopiaAk;> czHTf isAk;> cs;sj;jpd; czHTfisAk; nksdj;jpd; nkhopiaAk; czHe;J nfhs; Sjy; jhd; jpahdk;. ,jpy; grp vd;W czHTk; cs;slq;Fk;. ‘grpj;jhy; gj;Jk; gwe;JtpLk;’ vd;gJ gonkhop. Mk; cz; ikjhd;.


xt;nthU kdpjDf;Fk; jhfKk; grpAk; ,Ug;gijg; Nghy Foe;ijapd; jhfKk; grpAk; ftdpf;fg;glNtz;bait. Foe;ij thHj;ijapd; %yk; jz;zPH Nfl;ftpy;iy jtpu jd; mOifapd; %yKk; cly; nkhop %yKk; njhptpf;fpwJ. Foe;ij mOk;NghJ Kjypy; jz;zPH nfhLq;fs;. jz;zPiu mf;Foe;ij jl;btpl;L kPz; Lk; mOjhy; mJ grpf;fhd mOif. ,J xt;nthU jha;f;Fk; njhpe;jtplak;.


Kjy; %d;W> ehd;F khjq;fSf;F jz; zPUk; jha;g;ghYk; NghJkhdit. mLj;j ,uz;L khjq;fSf;F jha;g;ghYld; kuf;fwpr; #g;> gor;rhWfs; Nghd;wtw;iwj; juyhk;. gpwF nfhQ;rk; nfhQ;rkhf jha;g;ghiyf;Fiwe;J gbg;gbahf ey;y rkr;rPH kw;Wk; jdpr;rPH czTfis gpire;J> $ohf;fp nfhLf;fyhk;. gy; Kisf;fj; njhlq;Fk; NghJ jpl czT fisf; nfhLf;fj; Jtq;fyhk;. khwhf lg;ghf;fspYk;> igf;fw;> kw;Wk; Nghj;jy; fspy; milj;J tpw;fg;gLk; czTfis KOikahf jtpHj;jy; Ntz;Lk;.


njhlUk;... paul.joseph@thaiveedu.com


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