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THE HERALD FRIDAY AUGUST 19 2016


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Helping children stay healthy Most toddlers go through a


phase of only eating a few particular foods. Tis is a normal part of their development. It’s partly because of something called food neophobia, which is a fear of new foods. Many toddlers experience this


around the age of two. Rest assured, this is a phase, and it will pass. Your toddler is most likely to eat


what they know. Tey need time to learn that unfamiliar foods are safe and enjoyable to eat. Tey'll gain confidence by watching you and others enjoying the foods they're unsure about. It’ll also help if you make sure


your toddler gets plenty of exercise. Rushing around and playing active games will help them develop a hearty


appetite for meals.


TRY THESE TIPS FOR MAKING MEALTIMES RUN SMOOTHLY:


Eat as a family when you can Eat with your toddler as oſten as


possible. Tis may be hard if you and your partner both work full-time, but try to make time when you can. At shared mealtimes, eat the


same foods as your toddler. Toddlers learn to eat new foods by watching and copying their parents and other children. Your little one may be even more inclined to join in if you're all helping yourselves from big dishes in the middle of the table. Don’t add any salt or sugar to your toddler’s portion, though. Stay positive Tell your toddler how much


you're enjoying the food you're eating. You’re their role model, so if you're enthusiastic, your toddler may be more willing to try them. You can always put on a brave face if you're not really a fan of brussels sprouts or broccoli! Let your toddler know how happy


HAVE you ever planned a passage


for your craft, followed the proposed route, returned to your moorings then had a debrief with your crew as to where you have been? Why do this? It seems to me that the importance of


local knowledge is crucial to sustaining safe passage, especially around our coast. We're probably very lucky having such a coastline to enjoy and, obviously with a small craft, one can get in quite close to observe such beauty. But such beauty belies the fact that


there are hidden dangers to small craft that lurk on and below the surface of the surrounding sea and it is this I refer to. Hidden rocks and strong tidal streams come immediately to mind. If you encounter some particular tidal stream that is considered hazardous to your progress, I would hope you would avoid the area in future or shape a course further offshore. There are such Pilot Books that describe the coastlines, and such detail is worth reading about before you set off on your journey. I return to the main point of this


week's article. A debrief is an overview of how your passage or trip went and, funnily enough, what lessons were learned to fulfil a successful passage. I’m referring to such things as keeping a listening watch on your VHF set and whether you were close to an incident involving a rescue of


persons in difficulty or another craft in trouble. Did you make a note of this and enter it into some description of a log? Do you retain any records of passages made for safekeeping? This time of year - with so many of us afloat and with the regrettable number of incidents being recorded with folk getting into difficulty around our coastline - it is worth making a record of any occurrence that you later might want to refer to. Perhaps occurrences which happen


aboard your craft may be worth recording, which, if detailed, could be avoided or possibly included in your boat's safety procedures. This is good seamanlike practice and I hear some dissention at times as to why I should support such measures, given the conclusion that it is all a paperwork exercise. Records are meant for periodic


review and for passing on experiences for lessons to be learned. Down through the ages, it was


probably the case that not all seafaring folk were educated to the extent that they could produce procedures for their craft. But, you will agree with me that accidents did happen, still happen and, what’s more, will happen! Doing something positive and


seamanlike goes some way to reducing the probability that you (yes, you!) could be the next unfortunate casualty. Stay safe and good sailing.


you are with them when they eat well. Tey'll enjoy the praise and it may encourage them to continue eating well. If you only give them attention when they're not eating, they may start to refuse food just to get a reaction. If your toddler doesn’t finish


their meal within about half an hour, take the uneaten food away without commenting. Tey are unlikely to suddenly finish it. Just accept that they have had enough and move on. Make mealtimes relaxed and enjoyable Arrange for your toddler to


eat with other children as oſten as possible. Invite one of your toddler's nursery or preschool friends over for tea. Your toddler may eat better when they see others their own age happily tucking in. Eat away from distractions such


as the television, pets, games and toys. Tese will make it more difficult for your toddler to concentrate on eating. Make mealtimes a happy occasion


by chatting about lots of different things. Try to talk at a level that your toddler can understand so they can join in. Offering finger foods to your


toddler allows them to touch and play with their food if they want to. Even if they make a mess, they're still learning


about the textures and feelings of different foods. Your toddler will also enjoy having the control of feeding themselves. It's a very grown-up responsibility for them! Make mealtimes consistent Work out a daily feeding routine


that fits around your toddler’s daytime sleep pattern. Tis should include three meals and two or three nutritious snacks, spaced throughout the day. Toddlers thrive on routine and enjoy knowing what to expect. If your toddler gets too tired, they


may become fed up and not want to eat. Give your toddler a small snack or drink before naps and save proper meals for aſterwards. Ask everyone in the family,


and anyone else who feeds your toddler, such as nursery staff or your childminder, to follow your approach and routine. Keep your toddler interested At lunch and dinner, offer your


toddler a savoury course followed by a nutritious dessert, such as fruit. Aſter one course, he may be bored with one taste and want to try something new. Two courses also offer your


toddler two chances to take in the calories and nutrients they need. Plus, they'll experience a wider variety of foods at each meal. However, never bribe your


toddler to eat the savoury course with the promise of the sweet one. Tis will only make them want the


savoury foods less. Give small portions Toddlers can be overwhelmed by


big platefuls and lose their appetite. If your toddler finishes their small portion, praise them and offer more. For a little extra variety, you


could have a picnic outside when the weather’s nice. It will be fun for you


both, and there'll be less mess to clear up at the end! If you’re taking your toddler to a cafe or restaurant, take a nutritious snack that you know they like, just in case they don't want to eat anything on offer. Involve your toddler Once your toddler's old enough,


include them in food shopping by letting them help you find things in the supermarket. Tey can also give you a hand with setting the table before meals. Little activities like this will help to promote positive eating habits. Your toddler may be able to


help with simple cooking and food preparation. Letting them investigate new foods away from the dinner table may mean they're more likely to try them when they end up on the plate.


HOW DO I KNOW WHEN MY TODDLER IS FULL?


Signs that your toddler's had


enough of a particular food, course or meal include:  Keeping their mouth shut when offered food


 Saying 'no' or turning their head away from the food being offered


 Pushing away a spoon, bowl or plate containing food


 Refusing to swallow food or spitting it out


 Leaning out of his highchair or trying to climb out


 Crying or screaming  Retching If your toddler is showing signs


of being full, simply take their plate away, even if they haven't had very much. Tey’ll probably fill up at the next meal or snack time if they're not interested now.


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