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The delicate looking bluebells of Scotland are actually quite hardy plants.


Beardtongues are attractive flow- ers, and horticulturists, especially in Europe, have developed many culti- vars for the garden.


Black-eyed Susans are one of the most popular wildflowers grown in gardens.


Galliarda is also referred to as blanket flower and brown-eyed Susan. Black- and brown-eyed Susans are favourites that


have made the transition to cultivated gardens. The native black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) grows merrily in fields and open areas that receive full sun. This biennial plant has several yellow flowers with dark centres which bloom from July through August. Plants will reach 30-80 cm (12-31 inches). Gaillardia (Gaillardia aristata)


is a perennial


also referred to as blanket flower or brown-eyed Susan. Favoured by gardeners, it will grow 30-60 cm (12-24 inches) tall and bloom from mid-summer to fall. These daisy-like flowers, also yellow, sport red centres and often have orange-red tinged petals that love the sun! The “bluebells of Scotland”, or harebells (Campanula


rotundifolia), are found in temperate zones right around the planet. This tough little plant looks delicate in nature with fine leaves and several delicate, bell-shaped flowers that will bloom from summer until late fall. Bluebells grow wild throughout most of the country, even in the harsher


24 • Summer 2015


Wood lilies, now almost endangered, were once so common that Native Americans used their bulbs as a source of food.


northern climates. They prefer sun and well-drained soil, and will even grow in gravel. At least one wild variety of penstemon can be found


in every Canadian province. Slender blue beardtongue (Penstemon procerus) has bright, purple-blue flowers which can range from sky-blue to purple. Other species include the smooth blue beardtongue (Penstemon nitidus Dougl.) and the lilac–flowered beardtongue (Penstemon gracilis Nutt.). The most distinctive feature of this flower is that it appears to look like a wide-open mouth with a hairy tongue sticking out of the centre, hence the name beard- tongue. The wood lily (Lilium philadelphicum) flowers in forests


across Canada during the summer. Bright-red petals lead to the flower’s red/orange throat spotted with black spots. They light up the forest floor, meadows and roadside ditch- es with brilliant colour. These perennials are a welcome sight in the wild or in the garden.


localgardener.net


Photo by Dorothy Dobbie.


Photo by Mason Brock.


Photo by Walter Siegmund.


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