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Frittilaria Zone: 4-7 (must be mulched) Height: .9-1.5 m (3-5 ft.) Bloom time: Mid-spring. Colours: Yellow, orange and red.


Growing conditions: Plants can be difficult to grow; they require very well-drained alkaline soil. Check your variety for recommended light requirements as it varies.


Planting: Plant most varieties 6-8 cm (2-3 in.) and 8 cm (3 in.) apart. Crown Imperials should be planted 13 cm (5 in.) deep and 8 cm (3 in.) apart.


Special notes: The three most common varieties are Fritillaria imperialis, Fritillaria meleagris, and Fritillaria persica. Fritillaria are also called stink lilies due to their unpleasant odour.


Galanthus Zone: 3-8 Height: 10-30 cm (4-12 in.) Bloom time: Late winter to early spring. Colour: White.


Growing conditions: Water well after planting to aid in root development. They prefer rich, well-drained soil and dappled shade. Too much sun will kill them and they don’t like heat.


Planting: Plant 8-13 cm (3-5 in.) apart and 5 cm (2 in.) deep in heavy clay soils and 10-15 cm (4-6 in.) deep in sandy soils.


Special notes: Also known as snowdrops, these hardy plants have a delicate appearance with tiny, drooping flowers. Snow- drops may take their time naturalizing in the garden and with some surprises since they can hybridize between species.


Hyacinth (Hyacinthus) Zone: 3-9 Height: 15-18 cm (6-7 in.) Bloom time: Spring. Colour: Red, pink, orange, yellow, blue, purple and white. Growing conditions: Full to part sun with loamy soil.


Planting: Bulbs should be planted 10 cm (4 in.) deep and a mini- mum of 8 cm (3 in.) apart. In northern zones plant 15-20 cm (6-8 in.) deep.


Special notes: Revered for their sweet, lingering fragrance, hyacinths have loose to dense racemes of strongly fragrant flowers closely packed with tubular-bell-shaped, single or double flowerettes. Enjoy a taste of spring by forcing them indoors.


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Iris Zone: 3-9 Height: 40-70 cm (16-27.5 in.) Bloom time: Summer. Colour: A rainbow of colours and several colour blends.


Growing conditions: They prefer full to part sun and sandy, loamy soils but will tolerate almost any soil condition.


Planting: Plant rhizomes singly or in groups of three 30-60 cm (1-2 ft.) apart. Plant them in a hole 25 cm (10 in.) wide and 10 cm (4 in.) deep.


Special notes: Tall and beautiful, the iris was named after the Greek goddess who rode rainbows, as they come in many magical colors. Hardy and easy to grow these stunners also attract butterflies and hummingbirds.


Summer 2015 • 19


Photo by Elena Schifirnet.


Photo by Armin Kübelbeck.


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