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Diabetes | Today’s Common and Serious Conditions


How to Treat Type-2 Diabetes


Lifestyle changes are often the most important treatment for type-2 diabetes. However, your GP or diabetes care team may also prescribe medications such as: • Metformin: One of the most commonly prescribed medications for prediabetes, metformin reduces the amount of glucose released by the liver into the bloodstream and increases cell responsiveness to insulin. • Sulphonylureas: This group of medicines increases the amount of insulin produced by the pancreas. They are usually prescribed if metformin does not work, or if the patient is not overweight (as a possible side effect is weight gain). • Gliptins: This medication works by preventing the breakdown of a GLP-1, the hormone that helps the body to produce insulin in response to raised glucose levels. • Glitazones: By increasing cell sensitivity to insulin, glitazones ensure that more glucose is taken from the blood, regulating blood sugar. They are often used alongside metaformin or sulphonylureas.


Dr Chris Advises:


Obesity is a leading cause of type-2 diabetes and weight loss is often the fi rst recommended treatment for those recently diagnosed with the condition. Simple diet and lifestyle changes can greatly reduce your risk of developing obesity related diabetes, and help manage the condition if you have already been diagnosed:


1. Replacing starchy


carbohydrates such as white rice, pasta and bread with low- glycaemic whole grains will help to stabilise blood sugar levels.


4. Limiting your intake of


processed meats in favour of lean proteins will help you lose weight and keep you fuller for longer.


5. 6.


2. 3. A diet high in fi bre (found


in beans, pulses, cereals and grains) will satiate you for longer, aiding weight loss.


Choosing healthier cooking methods such as grilling, baking and steaming instead of frying food will reduce the fat content of your meals.


Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables will provide you with important vitamins needed to stay healthy.


Daily physical activity is


essential for weight loss. The government recommends at least two and a half hours of moderate aerobic activity per week.


7. 8.


Doing regular muscle


strengthening exercises can help you get fi t.


Giving up smoking and


limiting alcohol intake is advised for those who have or are at risk of type-2 diabetes.


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32 DEAR DOCTOR WITH DR CHRIS STEELE celebrityangels.co.uk


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