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THE STUTTERING FOUNDATION SUMMER 2014


Update from Purdue


By Christine Weber-Fox, Ph.D. and Anne Smith, Ph.D.


We consider stuttering as a neu-


rodevelopmental, epigenetic, mul- tifactorial disorder. In our labora- tory, we take a multifactorial ap- proach to studying speech motor, language, and emotional mea- sures, both physiological and be- havioral/clinical, to understand which factors in these broad do- mains are important in the devel- opment of stuttering, and which will help predict re- covery or persistence of stuttering. It is clear that each


Weber-Fox Smith


child will have a unique profile on these factors and that the importance of various factors will differ across children. For example, some children who stutter show delayed lan- guage development, while others do not. We know that stut-


tering develops over time because monozygotic (identical) twins are only about 50% concordant for stuttering. This means that in two human beings with identical genes, one may become a person who stutters, while his/her twin does not. Epigenetics is an emerg- ing field of science that bridges the gap between genes and envi- ronment. Epigenetic scientists study the control processes that determine the timing and de- gree of activation and deactiva- tion of genes. This is a critical element in whether the person will ultimately have the trait or disorder of interest. Applied to


Continued on page 16


Catchy Phrase Has Deep Roots for Stuttering Community


By Greg Wilson Keep Calm and Carry On.


We’re sure you’ve seen it on Facebook, Tumblr, Twitter or even Instagram. Your children certainly have! And someone with it on a t- shirt has probably passed you while walking down the street. It’s a catchy meme (i.e., an idea, be- havior, or style that spreads from person to person within a culture),


Stutters: Working Effectively with Attitudes and Emotions has been translated into Polish thanks to the tireless efforts of Katarzyna Wesierska. Katarzyna helped re-


translate other


sources into Polish as well, including: 7 Tips for Parents, 8 Tips for


and it seems to be a phrase to which many persons who stutter can relate. Its first appearance wasn’t on a Droid RAZR or a Macbook Pro but in London dur- ing a time of great panic and un- certainty. And it has deep roots in the stuttering community. Keep Calm and Carry On was a motivational poster produced


Continued on page 6


Popular Workbook Now Available in Polish The School-Age Child Who





Since 1947 ... Helping Those Who Stutter


Teachers, 6 Tips for Speaking with Someone Who Stutters, Myths about Stuttering, Famous People Who Stutter, Stuttering: Straight Talk for Teachers, The Child Who Stutters: To the Pediatrician, Down’s Syndrome and Stuttering, Sometimes I Just Stutter, The Child Who Stutters: Notes to the Teacher, Did You Know?, Using the Telephone, and If Your Child Is Stuttering.


May is Better Hearing and Speech Month


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