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TECHNOLOGY All-electronic tolling


Will collect T


ransportation experts define All Electronic Tolling (AET) as a free flow toll road where there


is no means to pay at the tolling point, but technology is used to capture the traveling vehicle transponder or license plate for payment collection. In an AET environment, everyone is


considered a customer, whether the vehi- cle is registered with the owner of the toll facility or not. Those who have chosen to register are provided the choice, to pay their tolls using an assigned trans- ponder or their vehicle license plate. The two options may be priced differently, as illustrated in Miami Dade Expressway Authority’s SunPass toll rate of US$0.75 and Toll-By-Plate rate of US$1.50.


Rosa C Rountree assesses All-Electronic Tolling’s effects on collectability


lish postpaid accounts. Those postpaid accounts can have two payment channels. The first involves the set-up of a re-


bill method by the toll road user, which essentially allows the Agency to charge the credit card or debit the bank account after the statement has been issued for the amount due. The second payment channel requires


the accountholder to pay the amount due based on the statement mailed. For those vehicles using the tolling


facility that are not registered, a picture of their license plate is taken and an invoice is sent to the owner of the vehicle. This is considered a “Bill by Mail” transaction and a postpaid account is established for invoicing. As can be seen in the case of North Carolina Turnpike Authority where the QuickPass rate is US$0.65 and the Bill by Mail rate is US$1.00.


NTTA saw US$25m and Harris County Toll Road Authority had over US$4.6m as reported by Dallas Morning News. The enactment of Senate Bill 1792 has granted NTTA the authority to levy addi- tional punishments against drivers who dodge its toll fees. Hence, one effective solution to


address toll avoidance is clearly toll enforcement legislation. It grants the Agency power to suspend or block vehi- cle registration, and/or a driver’s registra- tion, due to unpaid tolls. Enforcement legislation also allows the Agency to charge additional administration fees or interest. An example of such legislation is one currently observed in North Caro- lina: § 136-89.217 Vehicle registration renewal blocked for unpaid open road toll and § 136-89.216 Civil penalty for


COMMON EFFECTS


1. Toll Avoidance As drivers become more aware of “how to avoid paying the toll”, Agencies are seeing more creative methods of toll avoidance. The pictures below illustrate this point. On average, AET systems can expect


Generally registered accounts are estab-


lished as prepaid accounts, whereby the tolls are deducted upon usage. However, in Vancouver, Canada, the Golden Ears Bridge (GEB, see Thinking Highways Toll- ing Review 2011, pp14–16) project (oper- ated by Egis) and the Port Mann-Highway One project (a joint venture between Egis and Sanef), allow customers to estab-


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less than one per cent of toll avoidance when there is enforceable legislation. The GEB project has less than half of a percent. In Texas where until August 2013


there was no toll enforcement legisla- tion for non-payment of tolls, the North Texas Tollway Authority (NTTA) had over US$53m toll debt due in one county alone for a number of years. In 2012,


thinkinghighways.com Vol 8 No 3 North America


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