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COUNTRY FOCUS South Africa


“Close to 70 per cent of all travellers and commuters in Gauteng use non-motorised transport”


and intelligent solutions. Says Vorster: “All of this bodes well for sustained growth in the South African ITS industry.”


IF YOU FAIL TO PLAN, PLAN TO FAIL The ITMP25 report developed a 25-year strategic frame- work that is aligned with national planning initiatives such as the National Development Plan (NDP), that was formu- lated by the National Planning Commission in the Office of the President of South Africa and various national, provin- cial and metropolitan and local government transport and related plans. To facilitate the implementation of the ITMP25, eight


mutually supportive strategic interventions were identified. These interventions are arranged into the following four clusters: • Land Use Development; • Strategic Public Transport Network; • Freight Transport; and • Road Transport.


INTERVENTIONS


Land Use Development 1. Subsidised housing provision within urban core areas 2. Land use densification in support of public transport Strategic Public Transport Network 3. Mainstreaming non-motorised transport (NMT) 4. Reinforcing passenger rail network as the backbone of the system


5. Extending the integrated rapid and road-based PT networks


Freight Transport 6. Strengthening freight hubs Road Transport 7. Travel demand management 8. Continued provincial wide mobility


Subsidised Housing Provision within the Urban Core In order to better serve the needs of poorer communities in Gauteng it is essential that residents be accommodated on well-located land parcels in close proximity to public transport within the provincial urban core. This would require full title, medium to high density


subsidised housing to become the dominant housing typol- ogy to be constructed along the priority public transport network in the province. This would require the review of the existing grant and subsidy scheme for affordable hous- ing as defined in the National Housing Code, in line with the spatial recommendations contained in the National Development Plan (NDP).


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Land Use Densification in Support of Public Transport The ITMP25 modelling process shows that by 2037, 45 per cent of the incremental population of Gauteng (1,373,150 households) can be accommodated within 1km from the provincial priority public transport network. This would require large-scale processes of infill development, densifica- tion and redevelopment of older urban areas in the province and the containment of urban sprawl by way of a provincial urban development boundary/urban edge. Extensive land use densification and more efficient land use and transport integration around the provincial public transport network will make a significant contribution towards enhancing the viability of public transport in the province.


Mainstreaming Non-motorised Transport Close to 70 per cent of all travellers and commuters in Gauteng use non-motorised transport (NMT) such as walk- ing and cycling as a mode during their daily trips, either to get to public transport stations or as a primary mode to travel from home to work, school or other destinations. NMT infrastructure and facilities are often seen as an add-on dur- ing planning processes, with the result that the built environ- ment is inconvenient, insecure and unsafe for pedestrians and cyclists. The aim is to develop NMT as a key element of an efficient, sustainable, inclusive and integrated urban transport system for the Global City Region. A paradigm shift in the approach to road design and adopting a different “modal hierarchy” from the current is required, where NMT and public transport receives a higher priority than private vehicle mobility. “Complete street design” from reserve to edge would contribute in a more pleasant and liveable city environment for people.


Reinforcing Passenger Rail Network as Backbone of the Transport System Internationally integrated public transport services work best in urban areas if each mode of transport contributes to the integrated network in areas where it plays the most appro- priate role. Rail transport is considered appropriate on the main high-density corridors where it can contribute to the spatial form and provide mass transport services. Efficient rail transport has high average travel speeds and provides high mobility levels with high reliability and efficiently, and contributes towards the goal of a liveable city.


Restructuring and Extending the Integrated Rapid and Road-based Public Transport Networks The existing road-based public transport networks still


thinkinghighways.com Vol 8 No 3 Europe/Rest of the World


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