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TULIP EXAMINED Calvinism and Orthodoxy agree on many points, including that God is the

Creator of Man, Man sinned against God, God sent His Son to die for sinners, and one day Man will be judged and brought into the Kingdom of Heaven or the pit of Hell. Because of this wide and general foundation of agreement and focus on the saving work of Christ, this study will focus on the disagreements between the two, with an aim of refuting the claims of Calvinism and vindicating those of Orthodoxy. The two views by acrostic can respectively be called TULIP and ICURE.

This study is based on these two resources for the explanation of TULIP Calvinism: calvinism


Biblical Support for the Incomplete Depravity View God is not the author of human sin. (Jeremiah 7:31) Blindness and deafness are not the default condition of humanity, but the result of our choices, as explained in Zechariah 7:12 & Romans 1:21. Unbelief causes Jesus to marvel in Mk 6:6. Acts 10:35 & 17:27 show that man can seek God. John 1:11-13 shows that reception of Jesus comes before the gift of sonship, though it is true that sonship itself would be beyond our own power to obtain without the coming of Jesus. Our hearts were like stone, but God commands us to get for ourselves a new heart in Ezekiel 18:31, and to wash our hearts & be saved in Jeremiah 4:4 & 14, showing that the metaphor is not absolute, but we are capable of some action. God specifically says the choice of faith and righteousness is possible in Deuteronomy 30:11, Joshua 24:15, Acts 2:40, 10:34-35, Isaiah 1:19. Four men, before the time of Christ, are called “perfect”, in the Bible: Noah (Genesis 6:9), Job (Job 1:8), David (1 Kings 11:4, 15:3), and Asa (1 Kings 15:14), which would be an indictment of Calvinism even if we interpret that to mean “righteous”. The parable of the Prodigal Sonmakes no sense in Calvinism. Response to Passages Apparently Supporting a Calvinist View Romans 5:9 says that we acted against God, not that God acted against us. When the Bible says “All”, it is often hyperbole, as in Genesis 6:5 (given the righteousness of Noah). When God speaks of circumcising the heart, it is like a teacher saying that he will make the student know Spanish—not because of force, but through cooperation.

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