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32 rKjhak;


- j.rptghY B.Ed Hons, M.A


gpugy jkpo;ngz; vOj;jhsu;


mDuhjh ukzd; 1947-20010


,ja Nehahy; ghjpf;fg;gl;L jdJ 62tJ tajpy; ,aw;ifiaj; jOtpf; nfhz;ltu; mduhjh ukzd; vd;Dk; ngz; vOj;jhsu;. mDuhjh 800f;F Nkw;gl;l ehty; ,yf;fpaq;fisAk; 1>230 rpWfij ,yf;fpaq; fisAk; fle;j 30 Mz;LfSf;Fnkyhf vOjp te;Js;shu;. mDuhjh FLk;g tplaq;fisAk; ehshe;j tho;tpaiyAk; mbg;gilahff; nfhz;L vOjpte;J xU vOj;jhsu; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. rpiw> $l;Lg;GOf;fs;> kyupd; gazk;> xU


tPL ,Uthry;> vd;gd jkpo;> fd;dlk;> njYq;F nkhopfspy; glq;fshf;fg;gl;Ls;s fijfshFk;. ,tw;Ws; ~rpiw| vd;Dk; fij gpugy ebis ,yl;Rkpahy; ebf;fg;gl ntw;wpg;glkhFk;. fztdhy; iftplg;gl;L mtu; Xbr;nrd;W jQ;rkilAk; tPL xU tpgr;rhu tpLjp vd;gJ njupahJ mq;F nry;Yk; mtu; gLk; Jd;gq;fs;> Ntjidfisr; rpj;jupf;Fk; fij. ~xU tPL ,Uthry;| ghyr;re;jupd; xU ntw;wpg;gilg;G. mg;glj;jpw;fhf ghyr;re;jUf;F Njtpa jpiug;gl tpUJ tpohtpy; Kjw; gupR fpilj;j glk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. vk;.[p.Mu; mtu;fs; Kjyikr;rhuhf ,Ue;jNtis 1978y; jq;fg;gjf;fk; toq;fpf; nfsutpf;fg;gl;l vOj;jhsu; mDuhjh ukzd; vd;gNjhL mtuJ glq;fSf;F njYq;F>


fd;dlg; glq;fSf;fhfTk; tpUJfisg;


October 18, 2013


ngw;Wf;nfhz;lhu;. jkpo;ehL fhq;fpu]; fkpl;b rhu;gpy; rpwe;j Njrpa r%f ey vOj;jhsUf;fhd uh[Pt; fhe;jp tpUJ ngw;w ngz; vOj;jhsu; vd;gJk; mtuJ vOj;jhw;wiy ntspg;gLj;Jfpd;wd. mtUila fijfSs; mu;r;ridg; G+f;fs;>


ghrk;> Gd;dif> gd;dPu;g; G];gq;fs;> fdhf;fz;Nld; Njhop vd;gd rpd;dj;jpiug; glq;fshf;fg;gl;lit. VNjh mwpNad; vdjhUapNu> tuyhkh cd;NdhL> cd;dig;NghnyhUj;jp> Cik kdpju;fs;> neQ;Rf;fs; neUQ;rp Ks;> ePAk; ehDk; epidj;jhy;> ehis tUthd; ehafd;> Kj;jkplNeukpy;iy> Kj;jkpl;l nrhg;gdq;fs;> Ks;NshL xU Nuh[h> kd;kj Nt~q;fs;> $l;Lf;Fs;Ns rpyfhyk;> nfhbg;G+f;fs;> fz;zh cid kwg;Ngdh?> fjTfs; kWgbAk; jpwf;fyhk;> fhjy; thq;fp> fhzhky; Nghd fdTfs;> me;juj;jpy; xU CQ;ry; vd;gd rpwe;j etPdq;fshfg; Ngrg;gl;litahFk;. kq;if ,jOf;fhd gltiu fiyQuhf Muk;gpj;j mtuJ Kaw;rp Muk;gj;jpy; ntw;wp jutpy;iyahapDk;. mtu; jw;nrayhf kq;if mYtyfj;jpy; tpl;Lr; nrd;w ehl;Fwpg;Ngl;by; mtuJ gjpTfisg;ghu;itAw;w ~kq;if| ,jopd; Mrpupau; mtiuf; fijfis vOJk; gb J}z;baikahy; vOj;Jj; Jiwapy; 1977y; gpuNtrpj;j mtu; gy;NtW ,jo;fspYk; vOjp rpWfijf;fhd gy;NtW guprpy;fisg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;lhu;. vOj;Jj;Jiwapy; kl;Lky;yhJ r%fg;


gzpapYk; mtu; jd;id <LgLj;jpf;nfhz;L ngUk;


KuRNkhl;il MAh;Ntj itj;jparhiyf;F itj;jpaiu epakpf;FkhW kf;fs; Nfhhpf;if


fpspnehr;rp fiur;rpg;gpuNjr rigapd;


cggzpkidapd; fPo; cs;s fz;lhtis KuRNkhl;il MAh;Ntj itj;jparhiyf;F kUj;Jth; vtUk; ,Jtiu epakpf;fg;glhikapdhy; ,t;itj;jparhiyapy; rpfpr;ir ngWk; ,g;gFjp kf;fs; gy;NtW rpukq;fis vjph;nfhz;L tUfpd;wdh;. fpspnehr;rp fiur;rpg; gpuNjr rigapd; cg


mYtyfkhd KuRNkhl;il mYtyfj;jpy; ,aq;fptUk; MAh;Ntj itj;jparhiyapy; itj;jpah; vtUk; ,Jtiu epakpf;fg;gltpy;iy. ,jdhy; ,e;j itj;jpa rhiyapy; rpfpr;ir ngw;Wte;j Nehahspfs; gy;NtW rpukq;fis vjph;nfhz;L tUfpd;wdh;.


,e;j MAh;Ntj itj;jparhiyf;F rpfpr;ir


ngwNtz;ba Chpahd fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s 275 tiuahd FLk;gq;fSk; KuRNkhl;il fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s 286 tiuahd FLk;gq;fSk;> nfhuf;fd; fl;L fpuhkj;jpy; cs;s 340 tiuahd FLk;gq;fSk; Vida fz;lhtis Gspak;nghq;fiz Mfpa fpuhkq;fspy; cs;s IE}Wf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l FLk;gq;fs; jw;NghJ rpfpr;ir ngWtjpy; rpukq;fis vjph;nfhz;L tUfpd;wdh;.


vdNt chpa mjpfhhpfs; ,t;tplaj;jpid


ftdj;jpy; vLj;Jr;nraw;gl Ntz;Lk; vd ,g;gFjp kf;fs; Nfhhpf;if tpLj;Js;sdh;.


GfOk; Nru ;j;Jf;nfhz;lh u ; . jpUkzKwpTf;F vjpuhf mtu; gy;NtW MNyhridfis toq;fp mtw;iwj; jLf;Fk; Kaw;wpapy; Vwj;jhs 30Mz;LfSf;F Nkyhf <Lgl;Lte;Js;shu;. kq;if ,jopy; ,it njhlu;ghd Nfs;tpfSf;Fg; gjpiyAk; vOjp te;Js;shu;. rKjha Coy;fspYk; mtu;


Jzpe;J nraw;gl;L mtw;wpw;F vjpuhf nraw;g;Ls;shu;. fhQ;rp


rq;fruhr;rhupahu; n[Nae;jpuu; njhlu;ghd ghypay; Gfhu; Fwpe;J mDuhjh ntspapl;l fUj;Jf;fs; ngUk; gugug;ig Vw;gLj;jpapUe;jd. ,e;Jthf kl;Lkd;wp gpuhkzpa Fyj;ijr; Nru;e;j xU ngz; fhQ;;rp rq;fuhr;rhupahUf;F vjpuhf ghypay; Gfhu; nra;jpUg;gJ ngUk; vjpu;tpisTfisj; Njhw;wpapUe;jik Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. rKjhaj;jpd; nkd;idahd gf;fq;fisAk;


nghUshjhu kw;Wk; ghypay; Ruz;lw;Ngu;topfSf;F vjpuhd vOj;Jf;fs; mtuJ fijfspYk; ehty;fspYk; fl;LiufspYk; fUg;nghUl;fshf mike;jpUe;jik mtuJ ,ay;it ntspf; nfhz;Ltutd. jpUkzk;> jpUkz KwpTfs; Fwpj;j mtuJ tpsf;fq;fs;> MNyhridfs; r%fj;jhy; ngupJk; tuNtw;fg;gl;litahFk;.


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