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our bodies to the death of Jesus until he comes again.


SCRIPTURE FOR CHAPTER TWENTY-THREE Mark 15, 21-39: Jesus dies on the cross Footnotes:


15, 21: They pressed into service…Simon, a Cyrenian: a condemned person was constrained to bear his own instrument of torture, at least the crossbeam. The precise naming of Simon and his sons is probably due to their being known among early Christian believers to whom Mark addressed his gospel. See also the notes on Mt 27, 32 and Lk 23, 26-32.


15, 25: It was nine o’clock in the morning…literally, “the third hour,” thus between 9 a.m. and 12 noon. Cf vv 33.34.42 for Mark’s chronological sequence, which may reflect liturgical or catechetical considerations rather than the precise historical sequence of events; contrast the different chronologies in the other gospels, especially Jn 19, 14.


15, 26: The inscription…the King of the Jews: the political reason for the death penalty falsely charged by the enemies of Jesus. See further the notes on Mt 27, 37 and Jn 19, 23-25a.


15, 28: This verse, “And the scripture was fulfilled that says, ‘And he was counted among the wicked,’ “ is omitted in the earliest and best manuscripts. It contains a citation from Is 53, 12, and was probably introduced from Lk 22, 37.


15, 39: The closing portion of Mark’s gospel returns to the theme of its beginning in the Gentiles centurion’s climatic declaration of belief that Jesus “was the Son of God.” It indicates the fulfillment of the good news announced in the prologue (1,1) and may be regarded as the first fruit of the passion and death of Jesus.


Mark 15: 21-39


21 They pressed into service a passer-by, Simon, a Cyrenian, who was coming in from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry his cross.


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